Mueang Samut Prakan District

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Mueang Samut Prakan

เมืองสมุทรปราการ
Bang Pu Mangrove in 2002
District location in Samut Prakan Province
District location in Samut Prakan Province
Mueang Samut Prakan is located in Bangkok Metropolitan Region
Mueang Samut Prakan
Mueang Samut Prakan
Mueang Samut Prakan is located in Thailand
Mueang Samut Prakan
Mueang Samut Prakan
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 13°36′2″N 100°35′48″E / 13.60056°N 100.59667°E / 13.60056; 100.59667Coordinates: 13°36′2″N 100°35′48″E / 13.60056°N 100.59667°E / 13.60056; 100.59667
CountryThailand
ProvinceSamut Prakan
SeatPak Nam
Area
 • Total190.56 km2 (73.58 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total540,979
 • Density2,819.73/km2 (7,303.1/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code10270
Geocode1101

Mueang Samut Prakan (Thai: เมืองสมุทรปราการ, pronounced [mɯ̄a̯ŋ sā.mùt prāː.kāːn]) or colloquially as Paknam Samut Prakan (Thai: ปากน้ำสมุทรปราการ) is the capital district (amphoe mueang) of Samut Prakan Province, central Thailand. The district has the highest population of all districts of Thailand.

Administration[edit]

Central administration[edit]

Mueang Samut Prakan is divided into 13 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 35 administrative villages (muban).

No. Name Thai Villages Pop.[1]
01. Pak Nam ปากน้ำ - 51,495
02. Samrong Nuea สำโรงเหนือ - 72,495
03. Bang Mueang บางเมือง - 68,362
04. Thai Ban ท้ายบ้าน - 25,559
08. Bang Pu Mai บางปูใหม่ - 39,435
10. Phraek Sa แพรกษา 07 60,549
11. Bang Prong บางโปรง 04 10,239
12. Bang Pu บางปู - 06,729
13. Bang Duan บางด้วน 08 07,992
14. Bang Mueang Mai บางเมืองใหม่ - 51,980
15. Thepharak เทพารักษ์ 09 49,599
16. Thai Ban Mai ท้ายบ้านใหม่ - 48,037
17. Phraek Sa Mai แพรกษาใหม่ 07 48,508

Missing numbers are tambons split off at the creation of Phra Samut Chedi District.

Local administration[edit]

There is one city (thesaban nakhon) in the district:

  • Samut Prakan (Thai: เทศบาลนครสมุทรปราการ) consisting of subdistrict Pak Nam.

There are two towns (thesaban mueang) in the district:

  • Pak Nam Samut Prakan (Thai: เทศบาลเมืองปากน้ำสมุทรปราการ) consisting of parts of subdistrict Bang Mueang.
  • Phraek Sa Mai (Thai: เทศบาลเมืองแพรกษาใหม่) consisting of parts of subdistrict Phraek Sa Mai.

There are five subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon) in the district:

  • Samrong Nuea (Thai: เทศบาลตำบลสำโรงเหนือ) consisting of parts of subdistricts Samrong Nuea, Bang Mueang Mai, Thepharak.
  • Dan Samrong (Thai: เทศบาลตำบลด่านสำโรง) consisting of parts of subdistrict Samrong Nuea.
  • Bang Mueang (Thai: เทศบาลตำบลบางเมือง) consisting of parts of subdistricts Bang Mueang, Bang Mueang Mai, Thepharak.
  • Phraek Sa (Thai: เทศบาลตำบลแพรกษา) consisting of parts of subdistricts Phraek Sa, Thepharak, Phraek Sa Mai.
  • Bang Pu (Thai: เทศบาลตำบลบางปู) consisting of subdistricts Thai Ban, Bang Pu Mai, Bang Pu, Thai Ban Mai.

There are four subdistrict administrative organizations (SAO) in the district:

  • Phraek Sa (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลแพรกษา) consisting of parts of subdistrict Phraek Sa.
  • Bang Prong (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางโปรง) consisting of subdistrict Bang Prong.
  • Bang Duan (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบางด้วน) consisting of subdistrict Bang Duan.
  • Thepharak (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลเทพารักษ์) consisting of parts of subdistrict Thepharak.

Economy[edit]

Interhides Public Company (IHL)[2] operates nine tanning factories in Bang Pu Mai and is building a tenth factory there to be operational by 2020. IHL produce finished leathers for international footwear, automotive, and furniture companies.[3]

Environment[edit]

The district's coastline has seen severe erosion since the 1990s.[4] Coastal mangrove forests were destroyed and replaced with shrimp farms. Three to five metres of shoreline has been submerged every year since then, resulting in the loss of 4,000 rai of land to the sea.[5]

Thailand lost almost one third of its coastal mangrove forests between 1961 and 2000. According to Thailand's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, a quarter of the country's shores—about 700 kilometres (500 miles)—are eroding, some "severely".[6]

Education[edit]

The Thai Sikh International School is in Samrong, in the district.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population statistics 2018" (in Thai). Department of Provincial Administration. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  2. ^ Tuntiwutthipong, Worrapong (7 June 2017). "Company Update: Interhides" (PDF). Krungsri Securities. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  3. ^ "Interhides: The first tannery in Asia to be awarded Global Tannery of the Year 2018". Bangkok Post. 30 March 2018.
  4. ^ Barrow, Richard. "Khun Samut Chin". Explore Samut Prakan. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  5. ^ Wipatayotin, Apinya (10 December 2017). "Shoring up defences" (in Spectrum). Bangkok Post. 10 (50). Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Against the tide: Thai 'floating temple' defies coastal erosion". The Nation. Agence France-Presse. 2019-04-08. Retrieved 2019-04-14.
  7. ^ "Contact Us." Thai Sikh International School

External links[edit]