Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram
Pretender
Sulu Sultan Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram.jpg
Born (1966-08-28) 28 August 1966 (age 53)
Jolo, Sulu, Philippines
Regnal name claimedPaduka Mahasari Al-Maulana Ampun Sultan Hadji Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram ibni Almarhum Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram
Title(s)Sultan of Sulu
Throne(s) claimedRoyal Sultanate of Sulu
Pretend from16 February 1986 – present
Connection withFather
Royal HouseRoyal House of Kiram
FatherMohammed Mahakuttah Abdullah Kiram
MotherPangyan Farida Tan Kiram
SpouseMellany S. Kiram
Children7 (biological);
1 (adopted)
PredecessorMohammed Mahakuttah Abdullah Kiram
Political sovereignty rights over Sulu were transferred in 1851;[1] Sovereignty rights over North Borneo were transferred by Sulu Sultanate heirs in 1962;[2] The abolition of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu in 1936 did not abolish the Sultanate nor his line of succession. In 1962, Philippine Government again officially recognised the continued existence of the Royal Sultanate of Sulu.[3]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram (born 28 August 1966)[4][5] is the head of the Royal House of Sulu, a position which he has held since 16 February 1986. As the eldest son of the former Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram (who reigned 1974–1986), he is the legitimate heir claimant to the throne of the Sultanate of Sulu.[6] He is a pretender to the throne as the 35th Sultan of Sulu.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was born on 28 August 1966 on the island of Jolo in present-day Philippines, the eldest son of Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram, 34th Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo and his first wife Dayang-Dayang Farida Tan-Kiram.[4]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram studied at Universidad de Zamboanga in Zamboanga City where he got his Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree.[5] Between 1995 and 1996, he continued his higher studies in Islam in Lahore, Pakistan.[5] As of 2016, he lives on the island of Jolo.[8] Currently, he is also involved as a local civic leader on the island and Sulu in general, regularly meeting with the local population.[9]

In 2019, he performed the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.[citation needed]

He is married to Ampun Dayang Babai Mellany S. Kiram and has seven children:[10]

  1. Maharaja Adinda Moh. Ehsn S. Kiram[4]
  2. Datu Nizamuddin S. Kiram
  3. Dayang-Dayang Rahela S. Kiram
  4. Datu Jihad S. Kiram
  5. Datu Mujahid S. Kiram
  6. Dayang-Dayang Redha S. Kiram
  7. Datu Mahakuttah S. Kiram

Adopted son:

  1. Datu Dr Cheong Ming Lam (married to Dayang Dayang Yoke Ching Looi)[citation needed]

Coronation[edit]

Datu Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was crowned as Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Sulu on 24 May 1974 beside his father in Sulu, under Memorandum Order No. 427, which was issued by President Ferdinand Marcos, President of Philippines.[11][12] The ceremony was held in Jolo, Sulu.[13][14][15] Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram is the last recognised Raja Muda (Crown Prince) by the Philippine government. When his father died in 1986, Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram could not take the crown because of his age, which led to relatives trying to claim the crown for themselves.[12]

Raja Muda Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram was crowned Sultan in a coronation event on the island of Jolo on 16 September 2012.[4]

The Mindanao Examiner recognizes Sultan Kiram as the "legitimate Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo."[16]

The Royal and Hashemite Order of the Pearl[edit]

Sultan Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram awards the Royal and Hashemite Order of the Pearl, established in 2011.[17]

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 28 August 1966 – 24 May 1974: His Highness Datu Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram ibni Raja Muda Datu Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram
  • 24 May 1974 – 16 February 1986: His Royal Highness Mahamulliya Raja Muda Datu Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram ibni Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram, The Raja Muda of Sulu and North Borneo
  • 16 February 1986 – 16 September 2012: His Royal Highness Mahamulliya Ampun Datu Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram ibni Almarhum Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram, Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo
  • 16 September 2012 – Present: His Royal Majesty Paduka Mahasari Al-Maulana Ampun Sultan Hadji Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram ibni Almarhum Sultan Mohammad Mahakuttah Abdulla Kiram, The 35th Sultan of Sulu and North Borneo

Honours and awards[edit]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram has received honours from a number of Royal Houses and other awards:

2013 Lahad Datu standoff[edit]

Sultan Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram clearly and emphatically decried these actions led by Jamalul Kiram III and pretenders to the throne in a press release and on a Malaysiakini TV interview.[21][22][23]

Genealogy[edit]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram is the grandson of Sultan Mohammed Esmail Kiram (1950–1973) while Sultan Muwallil Wasit II (1936) was his great grandfather and Sultan Jamalul Kiram II (1893–1936) was his great granduncle. He is a direct male descendant and the legitimate heir to throne of the Sultanate of Sulu.[6]

Ancestry[edit]

Patrilineal descent

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.

House of Kiram
  1. Sultan Alimud Din I
  2. Sultan Sharapud Din
  3. Sultan Alimud Din II
  4. Sultan Jamalul Kiram I
  5. Sultan Mohammed Polalun Kiram
  6. Sultan Jamalul Alam
  7. Sultan Mawallil Wasit Kiram
  8. Sultan Mohammed Esmail Kiram
  9. Sultan Mohammed Mahakuttah Kiram
  10. Raja Muda Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bourne, C.B.; Pharand, A. Donat. The Canadian Yearbook of International Law, Volume IV 1966 / Tome IV. UBC Press. p. 29.
  2. ^ "Cession and transfer of the territory of North Borneo by His Highness, Sultan Mohammad Esmail Kiram, Sultan of Sulu, acting with the consent and approval of the Ruma Bechara, in council assembled, to the Republic of the Philippines". Government of the Philippines. 24 April 1962. Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2016.
  3. ^ Kadir, Norizan; Mansor, Suffian (October 2017). "Reviving the Sultanate of Sulu Through its Claim over Sabah, 1962-1986" (PDF). Akademika. 87 (3): 125–138. doi:10.17576/akad-2017-8703-09. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "New Sultan of Sulu reported to the throne". Daily Zamboanga Times. September 26, 2012. p. 11.
  5. ^ a b c Bačko, Aleksandar (2015). Sultanate of Sulu: Notes from the Past and Present Times (PDF). Belgrade, Serbia. p. 10. ISBN 978-86-912425-5-8. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Line of Succession of the Sultans of Sulu of the Modern Era". Official Gazette. Government of the Philippines. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  7. ^ "Exclusive: Sultan of Sulu, North Borneo, rejects BOL, asks Duterte to establish Federal government". Mindanoa Examiner. November 8, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2019.
  8. ^ Golingai, Philip (March 26, 2016). "The Sulu side of the story". The Star. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  9. ^ "Asia America Initiative". Asia America Initiative. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  10. ^ a b c d Bačko 2015, p. 11.
  11. ^ Rasul, Amina (2003). The Road to Peace and Reconciliation: Muslim Perspective on the Mindanao Conflict. AIM Policy Center, Asian Institute of Management. p. 2. ISBN 9789716790658.
  12. ^ a b Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (March 7, 2013). "Jamalul Kiram III and the 'sultans' of Sulu". GMA News. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  13. ^ "Memorandum Letter No. 427" (PDF). Official Gazette. Government of the Philippines. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  14. ^ Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2013). Filipiniana Bibliography (in Filipino). J.P.G. Potet. p. 328. ISBN 9781291639452.
  15. ^ Omar, Ibrahim S. (July 10, 2018). Diary of a Colonized Native: (Years of Hidden Colonial Slavery). Singapore: Partridge Publishing.
  16. ^ "Sultan of Sulu, North Borneo, Rejects BOL". The Mindanao Examiner. November 12–18, 2018. p. 3. Retrieved August 3, 2019.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  17. ^ Garcia Riol, D.J. (2013). "La Real y Hachemita Orden de la Perla" (PDF). Spanish Heraldic Society (in Spanish). Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  18. ^ "Distinguished Members of the ORDER OF THE EAGLE OF GEORGIA AND THE SEAMLESS TUNIC OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST (Royal House of Georgia)". Royal House of Georgia. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.[better source needed]
  19. ^ "Members of The Order of the Engabu". ARKBK CLBG Official Website. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  20. ^ "History" (in Spanish). Real Academia Sancti Ambrosii Martyris. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  21. ^ "Statement from Ampun Muedzul-Lail Tan Kiram, 35th Sultan of Sulu". Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  22. ^ "Multiple Sultans of Sulu making claims for Sabah". Archived from the original on March 2, 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
  23. ^ Bougon, Par François (March 5, 2013). "La Malaisie lance l'assaut contre les hommes d'un sultan philippin" (in Indonesian). Le Monde. Retrieved August 3, 2019.

External links[edit]

Muedzul Lail Tan Kiram
Born: 28 August 1966
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Mohammed Mahakuttah Abdullah Kiram
— TITULAR —
Sultan of Sulu
16 February 1986 –
Incumbent
Heir:
Maharaja Adinda Moh. Ehsn S. Kiram