Mufaddal Saifuddin

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Mufaddal Saifuddin
53rd Dā'ī al-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohra
Mufaddal Saifuddin Houstan Ashara.jpg
Syedna Saifuddin during Moharram 1437 Waaz in Houston, USA.
Born (1946-08-20) 20 August 1946 (age 72)
Surat, Gujarat, British Raj
Alma materAl-Azhar University, Al Jamea tus Saifiyah
StyleHis Holiness
Home townMumbai, India
TitleSyedna
Term2014 - till date
PredecessorSyedna Mohammed Burhanuddin
SuccessorIncumbent
Spouse(s)Jawharatusharaf (nee Najmuddin)
ChildrenJafar us Sadiq Imaduddin, Taha Najmuddin, Husain Burhanuddin, Ummehani A Nooruddin, Ruqaiyyah A Vajihuddin
Parent(s)Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin Aaisaheba Amatullah

Dawoodi Bohras.[1][2] The Dawoodi Bohra are a sub group[3] within the Mustaali, Ismaili Shia branch of Islam. He is the 2nd eldest son of the 52nd Dai Mohammed Burhanuddin. He succeeded[4] to the office after his father, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, who died in 2014[5] and is the spiritual leader of 2.5 million people living in 100 countries.[6][7] Saifuddin has contributed substantially to the restoration of medieval Fatimid architecture, notably Al-Hakim Mosque and other Fatimid-era mosques located in Old Cairo.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Early life[edit]

Dr. Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin was born on 20 August 1946 (23 Ramadan 1365 A.H.) in Surat, India,[9] and was given the name Aali Qadr Mufaddal (Arabic:عالي قدر مفضل) by his grandfather Syedna Taher Saifuddin.[2] He received much of his spiritual guidance from his father, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin [10][11] and devoted most of his time to strictly religious pursuits.[12] He graduated from The Institute of Islamic Studies at Al-Azhar University.[13][14] Mufaddal Saifuddin married Jawharatusharaf Najmuddin, daughter of Yusuf Najmuddin, the erstwhile rector of Al Jamea tus Saifiyah on 1 January 1970.[15][16]

Mufaddal Saifuddin often accompanied his father Mohammed Burhanuddin during the latter's travels across the globe, meeting heads of states and other notable personalities during such trips.[11] Mufaddal Saifuddin was appointed Amirul Hajj by his father Burhanuddin in 1390 AH (1970 CE). After Hajj, he travelled to Karbala, Syria, Misr and Yemen. During his trip to Yemen, he laid the foundations for the construction of the 3rd Da'i al-Mutlaq's Hatim's mausoleum. After that journey Burhanuddin bestowed upon him the honorific title Aqeeq-ul-Yemen in 1391 AH/1971 AD.[15][17]:524

Leadership[edit]

He has undertaken numerous projects under Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin’s(RA) directions in the restoration of medieval Fatimid masjids in Egypt and other edifices in the Arab world. Notable projects include the restoration and revival of Al-Hakim Mosque (al-Jamea al-Anwar), the restoration of the masjid of Syedna Zoeb bin Moosa in 1406H,[18] the restoration of Aqmar Mosque in 1408H,[19] construction of the mosque in Salamiyah in 1414H,[19] restoration of the Lulua Mosque & Juyushi Mosque in 1416H, the construction of the Zarih of Zaynab bint Ali in Cairo in 1416H, construction of the mosque in Ashkelon in 1421H, the construction of the Mazar and Mosque of Syedna Hatim in 1425H, and the discovery of the graves of a few Da'i al-Mutlaq in Zimarmar, Yemen on 1st Rabi al-Akhar 1431H.[20]

Following the death of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, on his posthumous 103rd Birthday, Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) donated INR 103.50 crore ($15.5 Million) to the Qardan Hasana[21] Scheme[22] (interest free loan fund) for the Dawoodi Bohra community.[23]

On 19 July 2016, Mufaddal Saifuddin(TUS) met Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and expressed interests for investment in Egypt. Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) also donated 10 Million Pounds to the Long Live Egypt Fund.[24]

In 2011, during his centennial celebrations, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin(TUS) established Al Jamea tus Saifiyah in Nairobi, Kenya. The construction of this 14 acre campus commenced in 2013, and was completed and inaugurated by Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) inaugurated by on 20 April 2017.[25][26][27]

Mufaddal Saifuddin on Dubai visit.

Philanthropy[edit]

His father, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin initiated the Bhendi Bazaar Redevelopment Project under the Saifee Burhani Upliftment Trust (SBUT).[28][29] The first phase, covering subclusters 1 & 3 was kicked off by Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) on 18 May 2016. "About 250 dilapidated buildings in Bhendi Bazaar will be replaced with 17 new towers with wide roads, modern infrastructure, more open spaces and highly visible commercial areas."[30] This ambitious philanthropic enterprise "aims to rehabilitate 3200 families and 1250 business which are currently living in poor conditions."[31] It is expected to reach completion by 2019.

Through the Burhani Foundation[32] Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) has launched environmental awareness campaigns[33] such as the tree-planting[34][35] and bird feeding campaigns such the "Save our Sparrows" initiative.[36]

In battle to reduce global food wastage especially within community feasts, Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS) introduced regulation on the quantity of dishes served per meal. This was launched under the moto of "ek kharaas, ek mithaas, no israaf" (one savoury, one desert and no wastage).[37]

According to one of Mufaddal Saifuddin's (TUS) followers in Ontario, California who gave a press interview during a March 2015 visit of Mufaddal Saifuddin (TUS), the main message that Saifuddin (TUS) hopes to instill on the community is that of loyalty to wherever people live, to follow the rules and be a good citizen, live in peace and make an honest living.[38] To ensure that not a single Dawoodi Bohra community member goes hungry, Mufaddal Saifuddin initiated a "community kitchen"[39] scheme[40] named Faiz al-Mawaid al-Burhaniyah[41] (Arabic:فيض الموائد البرهانية).[42] Everyday, Tiffin & Thali of home-cooked meals are delivered community homes.[43]

In December 2016, Mufaddal Saifuddin initiated an 'Upliftment Program'( which was later named "Rafo Mustawa Maishate Mumineen") to improve the living standards of community members.[44] Over 4,100[45] volunteers from India, East Asia, UK, USA and the Middle East were spread out over 200 towns and cities.[46] The 5-day upliftment drive consisted of renovation of houses in a dire state, work or reorganization, planting of trees and plants around community properties and private homes, clearing and cleaning of community properties and grounds, erection of playground and sports facilities, dental hygiene and vaccination for children and a sports day and breakfast on the Sunday morning of New Year's Day.[44][47]

Ashara Mubaraka hosting cities[edit]

Ashara Mubaraka refers to a period of ten days at the beginning of the Islamic year dedicated to the remembrance of Mohammed and his Ahle Bayt (family and kin), specifically his grandson Imam Husain.

Hussain was a grandson of Muhammad and the son of the Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the first Shia Imam. He is famous for challenging the Yazid, a caliph who is believed to be a tyrant. Owing to his defiance of Yazid, he was challenged in war at a place called Karbala. When he died fighting the Yazidi forces, he was immortalised as a defender of true Islam.The tenth day of Muharram, the first month of the Islamic calendar, is known as Ashura and marks the day on which Imam Husain was martyred along with his family members and companions. Hussain is highly regarded by Shia Muslims for refusing to pledge allegiance to Yazid, the Umayyad caliph, because he considered the rule of the Umayyads unjust.

Although Dawoodi Bohra centres across the world hosts this event locally for members in their cities, the main gathering led by Syedna Saifuddin, varies from city to city each year, and attracts thousands of community members from across the globe.

City Country Continent Gregorian Year Islamic Year Start Date End Date Number of Attendees
Surat  India Asia 2014 1436 October 25 November 2 ~175,000
Houston  United States North America 2015 1437 October 14 October 22 ~25000
Dar es Salaam  Tanzania Africa 2016 1438 October 3 October 11 ~35000
Karachi[48]  Pakistan Asia 2017 1439 September 22 September 30 ~65000
Indore[49]  India Asia 2018 1440 September 12 September 20 ~250000

Recognition and awards[edit]

  • The Misaq of Mufaddal Saifuddin was taken by his grand father Taher Saifuddin on the 27th of Zil al-Qa'da 1379H (22 May 1960 AD), during the 75th birthday celebrations of Taher Saifuddin.[50]
  • Mufaddal Saifudddin is a (Arabic: حافظ القران‎; Haafiz al-Quran ) (one who has memorized the entire Quran).[51]
  • Following his journey to Yemen, he was awarded the honorific title Aqeeq al-Yemen (Arabic: عقيق اليمنl translation: the agate of Yemen) on 12 Rabi' al-awwal 1391 AH/1971 AD.[52][53]:524
  • Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin conferred upon him the title of (Arabic: ثقة الدعوة الطيبية; Thiqat al-D'awat al-Tayyibiyah ) (meaning The Trusted of the Tayyibi Mission) and bestowed upon him the cognomen of "Saifuddin" (سيف الدين) on the 27th of Zil al-Qa'da 1385H corresponding to 18 March 1966.[54][55][56]
  • He was conferred one of the highest degrees of Al Jamea tus Saifiyah (Arabic: العليم البارع‎; al-'Aleem al-Baare'), (Translation: The Outstandingly Learned) on 20th Rabi al-Akhar 1391H corresponding to 14 June 1971.[54][57]
  • He was appointed rector of Al Jamea tus Saifiyah (Arabic: امير الجامعة‎; Ameer al Jamea)[54][58] on the 26th of Ramadan 1407H corresponding to 24 April 1987.[59]

Mufaddal Saifuddin has been presented the following resolutions and certificates of appreciation in The United States:[60][61]

  •  United States: TAMPA, Florida - Certificate of Commendation - Dated 26 June 2014
  •  United States: RESOLUTION CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE - Dated 3 March 2015
  •  United States: Certificate of Appreciation - By the Mayor City of Bakersfield - Dated 6 March 2015
  •  United States: SENATE CERTIFICATE OF RECOGNITION- For the inauguration of the Palo Alto Masjid in California - Dated 7 March 2015
  •  United States: ONTARIO, California - Certificate of Appreciation - Dated 9 March 2015
  •  United States: CERTIFICATE OF SPECIAL CONGRESSIONAL RECOGNITION by the U.S HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES - Dated 12 March 2015
  •  India: He was awarded the "Global Peace Award" for 2015 "In recognition of his outstanding contribution in the promotion of human rights and social justice".[80][81] He was also awarded a Lifetime Global Patronship Of All India Council Of Human Rights, Liberties And Social Justice (AICHLS).[82]
  •  India: He launched the poster of "Beti Bachao Beti Padhao"[83] under the theme "Mai Tulsi Tere Angan Ki" during his presence in Islamic Cultural Centre New Delhi[84] on 28 February 2016[85] and in Al Jamea tus Saifiyah University on 4 May 2016.[85]
  •  Tanzania: During his visit to Moshi, Tanzania, Mufaddal Saifuddin was presented the "Key to Moshi - The Land of Kilimanjaro" by the Mayor Japhary R Michael on 29 August 2015.[86]
  •  Egypt: In August 2015, on the invitation of the Government of Egypt, Mufaddal Saifuddin participated in inauguration ceremony of the new Suez Canal.[87] Saifuddin commented that "The Suez Canal is the miracle of mankind which should be venerated rightfully."[87][88]
  •  Kenya: In 2017, he was awarded The Second class: Elder of the Order of the Golden Heart by President Uhuru Kenyatta on the innauguartion of the Al Jamea tus Saifiyah campus in Nairobi on 20 April 2017.[89]
  •  Singapore: A new species of orchid was named as Dendrobium HH Dr. Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin on 30 April 2018.[90]

Academic and literary works[edit]

Rasāʾil Ramaḍāniyya (Epistles)[edit]

A list of Risalah composed by Mufaddal Saifuddin, or commenced by Syedna Taher Saifuddin and Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin and completed by Mufaddal Saifuddin:

ID Title Title (English) Hijri Pub. Year
STS48 شموس بركات الربانيين [91] Shumūs Barakāt al-Rabbāniyyīn 1383H 1435H 2015
STS49 انهار فيوض الفاطميين [92] Anhaar Fuyūz al-Fatimiyyeen 1384H 1436H 2016
SMB07 نشر الخير [93] Nashr al-Khayr 1391H 1437H 2017
SMB08 ندى الفيوضات [94] Nadā al-Fūyūdāt 1392H 1438H 2018
SMB09 سلسبيل روض القدس [95] Salsabīl Rawd al-Quds 1392H 1439H 2019
SMS00 [96]حكمة الغيبة القدسانية الابدية Hikmah al-Ghaybah al-Qudsāniyyah al-Abadiyyah 1435H 1436H 2016
SMS01 شكر نعم اصحاب البركات [97] Shukr Ne’am As’hāb al-Barakāt 1436H 1437H 2017
SMS02 جامعة ثمرات العلوم [98] Jāmiʿah Samarāt al-ʿUlūm 1437H 1438H 2018
SMS03 فيوضات يمنية طيبة [99] Fūyūdāt Yamaniyyah Taiyyebah 1438H 1439H 2019
SMS04 ملتقى سفينة البركات Multaqā Safīnah al-Barakāt 1439H N/A N/A
Tree linking Dawoodi Bohra Dai with Rasulullah

Qasidah (Poetry)[edit]

Matla Language Style Hijri Occasion
1 الم بدين الله ادهى الشدائد [100] Arabic Elegy 1435H
2 اے الله نا داعي نبي نا پيارا [101] Lisan al-Dawat Elegy 1435H
3 اناجيك رب العالمين مبسملا.[102] Arabic Munajat 1435H Laylat al-Qadr
4 سلام على ال النبي الاكارم.[103] Arabic Qasida 1435H Eid al-Fitr
5 عليك سلام الله و الصلوات [104] Arabic Elegy 1436H Urs
6 اناجيك ربي اليك التجائي [105] Arabic Munajat 1436H Laylat al-Qadr
7 اتيت بابك كعبة القبل.[106] Arabic Qasida 1436H Eid al-Fitr
8 چلو اے پیارا عزیزو چلو [107] [108] Lisan al-Dawat Nasihat 1436H Eid al-Adha
9 علم الانسان ما لم بعلم ايك اعزاز ہے [109] [110] Urdu Nazm 1437H Aligarh Muslim University
10 جئتك ربي تائبا عابدا.[111] Arabic Munajat 1437H Laylat al-Qadr
11 يا بني الخمسة انتم وزري [112] Arabic Qasida 1437H Eid al-Fitr
12 دعوت اله العالمين مناجيا.[113] Arabic Munajat 1438H Laylat al-Qadr
13 يا طيب العصر طيب طوبى [114] Arabic Qasida 1438H Eid al-Fitr
14 روجو برادر حسين نے روجو [107] Lisan al-Dawat Nasihat 1438H Eid al-Adha
15 ا مالك يوم الدين اياك نعبد [115] Arabic Munajat 1439H Laylat al-Qadr
16 اھل بيت النبي خذوا بيدي [116] Arabic Qasida 1439H Eid al-Fitr
17 يا حسينا پر هميى قربان چهے قربان چهے [117] Lisan al-Dawat Nasihat 1439H Eid al-Adha


Succession[edit]

The 52nd Da'i al-Mutlaq of the Dawoodi Bohras, Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, died in January 2014.[118] As per the tenets of the sect[119] each predecessor is required to nominate his successor prior to his death.[120][121] His death sparked a succession crisis where a rival claimant emerged for the title of 53rd Dā'ī al-Mutlaq:[122] against Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin, Khuzaima Qutbuddin [123] of the Dawoodi Bohra.[124]

The challenge created a divide in the community with the vast majority aligning with Mufaddal Saifuddin[125][126] whilst a small number aligned with Khuzaima Qutbuddin.[127] Mufaddal Saifuddin assumed control of the Dawoodi Bohra administration and infrastructure. He is largely accepted as the Bohras' leader[3] by government and other public bodies.[128] The UK Charity Commission[129] has stated in writing, that "our view is that His Holiness Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin is the current incumbent of the office of Dai al-Mutlaq."[130]

His Holiness Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin belongs to family of Moulai Fakhruddin and Moulai Hakimuddin. Family tree is shown as above. He also has link with Mohammad Rasulullah family and many noted Dawoodi Bohra Duats including Syedna Qutubuddin Shaheed[131] as indicated above.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Family Tree linking Dawoodi Bohra Dai with some noted Duats

External links[edit]

Shia Islam titles
Preceded by
Mohammed Burhanuddin
53rd Dā'ī al-Mutlaq
2014 - till date
Succeeded by
Incumbent