|Native name||مفدي زكرياء|
|Born||12 June 1908
Ghardaïa, French Algeria
|Died||17 August 1977
|Known for||Author of the Algerian national anthem
Poet of the Algerian Revolution
Cheikh Zakaria Ben Slimane Ben Yahia Ben Cheikh Slimane Ben Hadj Aissa was born on 12 June 1908. He was given the nickname of Moufdi by a school friend. He was born and attended school in the M'zab region of Algeria.
He became associated with Algerian nationalists and served time in prison for his beliefs in 1937 and 1938.
In 1956 he was imprisoned in Serkadji prison by the French for his politics. There he wrote a poem called Qassaman or The Pledge. It was said that he wrote the poem on the walls of his cell using his own blood. The poem was later set to music by Mohamed Triki in 1956 and then by Mohamed Fawzi. The final song was heard in 1957. This poem became the Algerian national anthem shortly after 5 July 1962 when independence was achieved.
Zakaria died in 1977 in Tunisia but his body was buried in Algeria.
- Historical Background, Algeria-UN.org, accessed March 2010
- According to the Algerian Constitution of 1963, Article 75.
- Poetry Letters Magazine, Issue No.4, October 2015, pp.58-66 (Arabic)
- (French) AIP and Chart for Aéroport de Ghardaïa / Noumérat – Moufdi Zakaria (DAUG) from Service d'Information Aéronautique – Algerie