This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Place of origin||Italy|
|Region or state||Sicily|
|Main ingredients||One muffuletta loaf,|
marinated olive salad,
layers of mortadella, salami, Swiss cheese, ham, provolone
The muffuletta sandwich was created in 1906 at Central Grocery Co. on Decatur Street, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, by its owner Salvatore Lupo. Sicilians, however, have been making various versions of the bread for centuries. It is commonly eaten during celebration days. In Palermo it is most commonly eaten on the Day of the Dead, November 2.
A muffuletta is a large, round, and somewhat flattened loaf with a sturdy texture, around 10 inches (25 cm) across. It is described as being somewhat similar to focaccia. Bread used for the muffuletta is different from focaccia in that it is a very light bread, the outside is crispy, and the inside is soft. It has no additional seasonings baked into it, aside from the sesame seeds. The bread is more like a baguette, but slightly heavier. It is most akin to an Italian dough recipe. Italian dough includes flour, water, egg, olive oil, yeast, salt and sugar. A baguette is made from flour, water, yeast and salt.
A traditional-style muffuletta sandwich consists of a muffuletta loaf split horizontally and covered with layers of marinated olive salad, salami, ham, Swiss cheese, provolone, and mortadella. Quarter, half, and full-sized muffulettas are sold.
The signature olive salad consists of olives diced with the celery, cauliflower and carrot found in a jar of giardiniera, seasoned with oregano and garlic, covered in olive oil, and allowed to combine for at least 24 hours.
In Greater New Orleans a seafood sandwich is made with muffuletta bread and fried seafood, often including oysters, shrimp, catfish and occasionally softshell crab. The seafood muffuletta omits the olive salad in favor of the traditional dressings of a seafood po' boy, such as melted butter and pickle slices, or mayonnaise and lettuce.
Pronunciation and orthography
The forms muffoletta and its iterations are modern Italianisms of the original Sicilian. Like many of the foreign-influenced terms found in New Orleans, pronunciation has evolved from a phonetic forebear.
Depending on the specific Sicilian dialect, the item may be spelled:
- Lempert, Phil (September 17, 2007). "Is the best sandwich in America the muffaletta?". Today. MSNBC. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
The secret ingredient, besides the special recipe for the sesame bread, is Central Grocery’s homemade olive spread.
- Orchant, Rebecca (12 February 2013). "The Muffuletta: New Orleans' Original Italian Sandwich". Food & Drink. Huffington Post. Oath Inc.
- "1906: The muffuletta is created in New Orleans". Times-Picayune. NOLA Media Group. 10 October 2011.
- Barreca, Francesca (21 January 2010). "L'originale muffuletta". The Fooders (in Italian).
- Herman, Michael (16 March 2012). "New Orleans Street Foods, Snacks, & Sandwiches: Po' Boys, Oysters, Muffulettas, Beignets, Pralines". New York Food Journal.
- Avolio, Corrado (1882). Introduzione allo studio del dialetto siciliano: tentativo d'applicazione del metodo storico-comparativo (in Italian). Uff. Tip. di Fr. Zammit. p. 59 – via Google Books.
- Pfister, Max (1997). Lessico etimologico italiano (in Italian). 6.1. Reichert. p. 441. ISBN 978-3-89500-019-5 – via Google Books.
- Biblioteca del Centro di studi filologici e linguistici siciliani: Issues 1–4 (in Italian). 1977. p. 28 – via Google Books.
- Pitrè, Giuseppe (1889). Usi e costumi, credenze e pregiudizi del popolo siciliano (in Italian). 17. L. P. Lauriel di C. Clausen. p. 360 – via Google Books.
- Ciccarelli, Diego; Valenza, Marisa Dora, eds. (2006). La Sicilia e l'Immacolata: non solo 150 anni. Collana Franciscana (in Italian). 15. Officina di Studi Medievali. p. 39. ISBN 978-88-88615-96-7 – via Google Books.
- Dizionario tascabile familiare siciliano-italiano (in Italian). 1. Palermo: Stamperia Spampinato. 1840. p. 66 – via Google Books.
- Pasqualino, Michele (1790). Vocabolario siciliano etimologico, italiano e latino (in Italian). 4–5. Reale Stamperia. p. 26 – via Google Books.
- Mortillaro, Vincenzo, ed. (1844). Nuovo dizionario siciliano-italiano (in Italian). 2. Tip. del Giornale letterario. p. 75 – via Google Books.