English muffin

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EnglishMuffinOnPlate wb.jpg
A split muffin
Alternative names Breakfast muffin
Type Bread
Course Bread
Place of origin United States
Main ingredients wheat flour, shortening, milk, sugar, yeast
Cookbook: Muffin  Media: Muffin

English muffins are small, round, flat (or thin) type of yeast-leavened bread which is commonly sliced horizontally, toasted, and buttered.[1] They are commonly eaten in the English-speaking world.


English muffins are commonly available in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, New Zealand. In the United States they are commonly called English muffins to distinguish them from American muffins, which have a more cake-like crumb and texture.

English muffins are most often toasted and then topped with butter and/or jam. English muffins are also used in breakfast sandwiches with meat (bacon, ham, or sausage), egg (fried, scrambled, poached, or steam-poached), and cheese. They are an essential ingredient in the traditional brunch dish Eggs Benedict. English muffins can be purchased in a wide range of varieties, including whole wheat, cinnamon raisin, cranberry, and apple cinnamon, or they can be homemade.


The English muffin was invented by Samuel Bath Thomas in 1894.[2] Mr. Thomas had emigrated from England to New York City in 1874.

By country[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Wholemeal English muffins, bought in Abingdon, England.

A historic English recipe,[3] they are available in all British supermarkets, where they known as 'muffins'. As a form of 'enriched bread' they are thought to have been introduced by French Huguenot immigrants such as Sally Lunn; a type of teacake or sweetened muffin. The word itself is thought to be Low German muffen meaning 'little cakes'.[4] In the past, muffins were sold door to door by hawkers in England as a snack bread before most houses were provided with ovens in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, giving rise to the traditional song "Do you know the Muffin Man?" As in the US they are the foundation for eggs Florentine and eggs Benedict which commonly feature on UK brunch menus.


In Germany, English muffins are called Toasties or Toastbrötchen.[5]

United States[edit]

Thomas' is a brand of English muffins and bagels in North America. It is owned by Bimbo Bakeries USA, which also owns Entenmann's, Boboli, Stroehmann, and Arnold bread companies.

Foster's sourdough English muffins were a popular brand English muffin originally from San Francisco. They were a signature menu item at Foster's restaurants from the 1940s to the 1970s, and continued to be produced as a packaged brand until 2008.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ David, Elizabeth (1977). English Bread and Yeast Cookery. London: Allen Lane. ISBN 0713910267. Contains a discussion on the origins and use of the English muffin.
  2. ^ "Who invented the English Muffin?". Retrieved 17 November 2015. 
  3. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/recipes/english_muffins_56640
  4. ^ http://www.thefreedictionary.com/muffin
  5. ^ "GOLDEN TOAST - Unsere Produkte". Retrieved 5 October 2014.