Mufti Mahmud

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Maulana Mufti Mehmood
Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
In office
1 March 1972 – 15 February 1973
GovernorArbab Sikandar Khan
Aslam Khattak
Preceded bySardar Bahadur Khan
Succeeded byInayatullah Khan Gandapur
Secretary General of Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (F)
In office
1968–1980
Preceded byMaulana Abdullah Darkhawasti
Personal details
Born1919
Kulachi, NWFP, British India
Died1980 (age 61)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
NationalityBritish Indian (1919-1947)
Pakistani (1947-1980)
Political partyJamiat Ulema-e-Islam
ChildrenMaulana Fazal-ur-Rehman
Maulana Lutf ur Rehman
Atta-ur-Rehman
Alma materMadrasa Shahi, Moradabad
OccupationPolitician
Scholar
Teacher

Maulana Mufti Mehmood (Pashto: مولانا مفتى محمود‎), (1919–1980) was a member of Indian National Congress party, and one of the founding members of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) in Pakistan.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Born in January 1919, he was an ethnic Marwat Pashtun from Abdul Khel, Dera Ismail Khan District. He received his religious education from Jamia Qasmia Madrasa Shahi, Moradabad[2] and graduated from the Darul Uloom Deoband in 1365 Hijri.[3] In 1941, he worked as a teacher in Isakhel, Mianwali. He was a militant activist of the Indian National Congress, participating in the Indian Independence Movement in the 1940s. He opposed the idea of the partition of India and campaigned against the pro-separatist All India Muslim League to this end.[1]

In Pakistan[edit]

He worked as a teacher in Madrassa Qasim-ul-Uloom in Multan, Punjab in 1950. Later in his career, he held positions of Chief Mudarras in charge of Education, Chief Mufti, Sheikh-ul-Hadith and Muhtamim. He issued at least 25,000 Fatawa in his lifetime.[1] Mufti Mahmud was critical of Ayub Khan government's family planning. He opposed President Ayub Khan's 'One Unit Scheme'. Mufti Mahmud participated in the elections for the National Assembly for the first time under Ayub Khan's 'Basic Democracy Program' and defeated all his opponents in 1962.[1]

  • On 8 January 1968, in Dacca, then in East Pakistan, Mufti Mahmud was one of the key leaders of Jamhoori Majlis-e-Amal that opposed Ayub Khan's regime.
  • In the 1970 General Elections, Mufti Mahmud had a landslide victory against Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in the Dera Ismail Khan constituency.[1]

After the 1970 General Elections in Pakistan, he became the president of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam founded by Maulana Shabir Ahmed Usmani. His party went into a coalition with the National Awami Party & Pakistan Peoples Party for the Pakistani general election, 1970. In the 1970s, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam received significant funding from Saudi Arabia.[4]

On 1 March 1972, he was elected as the Chief Minister of the province of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa during the Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto regime in Pakistan. He, along with his cabinet, resigned in protest at the dismissal of the NAP–JUI (F) coalition government in Balochistan on 14 February 1973.[1]

  • During his tenure as Chief Minister, he introduced many reforms:
Forbidding use of alcohol, announcing Urdu as the official language in Government offices, ban on interest in financial transactions and declared Friday as the official holiday in his province.[1]
  • Mufti Mahmud played a vital role in Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat in 1953 and again in 1974, a religious movement which has persecuted followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Pakistan. He led a team of Islamic scholars which worked for the declaration of Ahmadis as non-Muslims in 1974.
  • He supported Afghan-Jihad against USSR in 1979 (see also Soviet–Afghan War).

Death and legacy[edit]

He died on 14 October 1980 in Karachi, Sindh at age 61. He was buried in his hometown Abdul Khel, Paniala, Dera Ismail Khan District. His son Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman is a notable politician now and heads the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) party in Pakistan.[5]

Publications[edit]

Books by him[edit]

  • Tafsīr-i Maḥmūd, translation of and commentary on the Qur'an, in 3 volumes
  • Fatāvʹa Muftī Maḥmūd, his fatwas, in 11 volumes
  • Az̲ān-i saḥar : Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd ke inṭerviyuz aur taqārīr kā majmūʻah, collected speeches and interviews
  • K̲h̲ut̤bāt-i Maḥmūd : majmūʻah-yi taqārīr-i mufakkir-i Islām, Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd, collection of his speeches

Books about him[edit]

  • Savāniḥ-i ḥayāt: Muftī Maḥmūd, vazīr-i aʻlá-yi Sarḥad, janral sekraṭrī Jamʻiyat-i ʻUlamāʼ-yi Islām, Pākistān by Z̈iyāʼurraḥmān Fārūqī, 1972
  • Muftī Maḥmūd kī siyāsat by Nūrulḥaq Quraishī, 1974
  • Maulānā Mufti Mahmūd by Naʻim Āsī, 1977
  • Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd ... kī siyāsī zindagī by Gul Nāyāb K̲h̲ān Citrālī, 2002
  • Mufakkir-i Islām, qāʼid-i Islāmī inqilāb Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd ... ek darvesh siyāsatdān by Sayyid Anvar Qidvāʼī, 2003
  • Savāniḥ qāʼid-i millat Ḥaẓrat Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd by ʻAbdulqayyūm Ḥaqqānī, 2003
  • Muftī Maḥmūd kā daur-i ḥukūmat by Ashfāq Hāshmī, 2004
  • Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd ke ḥairat angez vāqiʻāt by Momin K̲h̲ān ʻUs̲mānī, 2009
  • Muftī-yi Aʻẓam Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd kī ʻilmī, dīnī aur siyāsī k̲h̲idmāt by ʻAbdulḥakīm Akbarī, 2010
  • Afkār-i Maḥmūd : Shaik̲h̲ulhind Maulānā Maḥmūd Ḥasan va mufakkir-i Islām Maulānā Muftī Maḥmūd kī ḥayāt o k̲h̲idmāt kā ḥasīn tazkirah by Muḥammad Fārūq Quraishī, 2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Profile of Mufti Mahmud on storyofpakistan.com website Updated 5 January 2009, Retrieved 9 April 2019
  2. ^ Maulana Muhammad Jahan Yaqub. "شیخ الحدیث مفتی محمودؒ…ایک عہد ساز شخصیت". Baseerat Online. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  3. ^ Syed Mehboob Rizwi. History of The Dar al-Ulum Deoband (Volume 2) (PDF). Translated by Prof. Murtaz Husain F. Quraishi. Idara-e-Ehtemam, Dar al-Ulum Deoband. p. 124. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  4. ^ Halverson, Jeffry R. (2010). Theology and Creed in Sunni Islam: The Muslim Brotherhood, Ash'arism, and Political Sunnism. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 118. ISBN 9781137473578. By the 1970s, the JUI, under the leadership of Mawlana Mufti Mahmud (d. 1980) was a chief recipient of the aforementioned Wahhabite-Athari support from the Gulf monarchies, chiefly Saudi Arabia.
  5. ^ In defence of Taliban: Fazl's remarks spark furore in Afghanistan The Express Tribune (newspaper) Published 17 November 2014, Retrieved 9 April 2019

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Sardar Bahadur Khan
Chief Minister of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
1972 – 1973
Succeeded by
Inayatullah Gandapur
Party political offices
Preceded by
Maulana Abdullah Darkhawasti
Ameer of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
1968 – 1980
Succeeded by
Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehman