Mufti Mohammad Sayeed

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Mufti Mohammad Sayeed
مُفتي مُحَمَد سيٖد
6th Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
In office
1 March 2015 – 7 January 2016
Governor Narinder Nath Vohra
Deputy Nirmal Kumar Singh
Preceded by Governor's rule
Succeeded by Governor's rule
In office
2 November 2002 – 2 November 2005
Governor Girish Chandra Saxena
Srinivas Kumar Sinha
Preceded by Governor's rule
Succeeded by Ghulam Nabi Azad
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
Prime Minister V. P. Singh
Preceded by Sardar Buta Singh
Succeeded by Chandra Shekhar
Personal details
Born (1936-01-12)12 January 1936
Baba Mohalla, Bijbehara, Jammu and Kashmir, British India
Died 7 January 2016(2016-01-07) (aged 79)
New Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (1991—1999; before 1987)
Janata Dal (1987—1991)
Children 4 (including Mehbooba Mufti)[1]
Alma mater Aligarh Muslim University

Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (12 January 1936 – 7 January 2016) was a politician from the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. He served twice as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, from November 2002 to November 2005 and again from March 2015 to January 2016. He was also Home Minister of India from December 1989 to November 1990.[2] He founded the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party in July 1999 to "persuade the Government of India to initiate an unconditional dialogue with Kashmiris for resolution of the Kashmir problem."[3]

Early life[edit]

Mufti Sayeed was born on 12 January 1936 in Bijbehara town of Anantnag district to a family of clerics. He completed his basic studies in Srinagar and then got his law and postgraduate degree in Arabic from Aligarh Muslim University before entering politics.[4]

Politician Mehbooba Mufti is his daughter.[1]

Political party affiliations[edit]

Mufti became a cabinet minister in 1972 and in 1975 leader of the state Congress legislative party.[5] Mohammad Sayeed was a member of the Indian National Congress party until 1987.[6] He is said to have brought about the downfall of the Jammu & Kashmir National Conference government, which was led by Farooq Abdullah, in 1984.[6] He joined the Rajiv Gandhi government in 1986 as Minister of Tourism.[5] In 1987, he quit the Congress party to join V. P. Singh's Jan Morcha, which led to his becoming the first Muslim Minister for Home Affairs in the Union Cabinet of India for one year, from 1989 to 1990.[7][8]

He rejoined the Congress under P. V. Narasimha Rao, which he left in 1999 along with daughter Mehbooba Mufti to form his own party, the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party.

Chief Minister[edit]

First tenure (2002–2005)[edit]

Mohammad Sayeed participated in the 2002 assembly election and won 18 assembly seats for his Peoples Democratic Party. He went on to form a coalition government with the Indian National Congress, and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir for a term of three years.[9]

In 2003, he merged the autonomous Special Operations Group with the Jammu and Kashmir Police.[10] It was under his tenure which coincided with the peace process led by Indian Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, with LOC opened for trade and bus service.[11]

Second tenure (2015–2016)[edit]

Following a coalition agreement between the BJP and the PDP, Sayeed undertook a second tenure as Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir in 2015.[12]

Attacks on his family and himself[edit]

In 1989, within few days of taking office as the Union Minister for Home Affairs, his third daughter, Rubaiya, was kidnapped.[13] She was released in exchange for the release of five militants.[7] Sayeed also survived attacks on his life by Kashmiri separatists.[13] The viciousness with which events have connected, since the Indian Airlines Flight 814, have not escaped the intelligence agencies, since just recently when 50 people were killed in an attack at Afghanistan's Kandahar airport, 2015 Kandahar Airport attack, which began on Tuesday, 8 December 2015.[14][15][16]

Death[edit]

On 24 December 2015, Sayeed was admitted to the AIIMS hospital in New Delhi. He suffered from neck pain and fever. His condition gradually deteriorated, and he was put on ventilator support. He died on 7 January 2016 due to multi-organ failure[17][18] at about 7:30, according to provincial Education Minister and PDP Spokesman Nayeem Akhter.[19] He was just five days short of his 80th birthday when he died.

Reactions to this death came from Prime Minister Narendra Modi and national Home Minister Rajnath Singh at Delhi airport. He was buried at his ancestral burial ground in Bijbehera[20] with state honours. Former Chief Ministers Omar Abdullah and Ghulam Nabi Azad were present at his funeral.[21] Condolences also came from President Pranab Mukherjee, former prime ministerial candidate L. K. Advani, Ram Madhav, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, BJP Vice President Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, former national Oil Minister Milind Deora, PDP member Rafi Mir and politicians Kalraj Mishra, Jitendra Singh and Ahmed Patel.[19]

According to party member and PDP Chief Spokesperson Mehboob Beg,[19] the PDP supported his daughter, Mehbooba Mufti, as the next chief minister, while coalition ally BJP expressed "no objection" to her succeeding her father.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Live: Mufti Mohammad Sayeed to be laid to rest in Bijbehara; Seven-day state mourning declared". Daily News and Analysis. 7 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: Another chance in a chequered career". Business Standard. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Mukhtar, Ahmad (28 July 1999). "Mufti floats new regional party in Kashmir". Rediff.com. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: Much more than Delhi's man in Kashmir". Hindustan Times. 7 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Mufti Mohammed Sayeed: A political opportunist and stalwart of J&K". IBNLive. 7 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Malik, Mohammed Sayeed (30 October 2002). "Mufti's fateful links". Rediff.com. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  7. ^ a b Prabhat, Abhishek (29 October 2002). "Profile: Mufti Mohammad Sayeed". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  8. ^ "Mufti: A man caught in the 'mid-stream' tragedy". Hindustan Times. 7 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "New leader promises Kashmir 'healing'". BBC News. BBC. 3 November 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  10. ^ "Mufti disbands SOG, merges force with police". Economic Times. 25 February 2003. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  11. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed: A master politician who tried to nurture true Indian constituency in Kashmir". Daily News and Analysis. 8 January 2016. 
  12. ^ Amit Chaturvedi (27 February 2015). "PM Modi Will Attend Oath Ceremony, Says Jammu and Kashmir's Chief Minister-to-be Mufti Sayeed". NDTV.com. 
  13. ^ a b Sreedharan, Chindu (18 September 1999). "'Elections in J&K have not been fair since 1987'". Rediff.com. Retrieved 5 March 2009. 
  14. ^ 50 killed in attack at Afghanistan's Kandahar airport
  15. ^ News X: Hijacking of Indian Airlines plane IC-814: IC-814 the avoidable tragedy [1]
  16. ^ IC 814 Hijacked by Anil Jaggia (Author), Saurabh Shukla (Author)[2]
  17. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir, passes away at AIIMS Delhi". Indian Express. 7 January 2016. 
  18. ^ "J&K CM Mufti Mohammad Sayeed passes away". ABP Live. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  19. ^ a b c "'He provided a healing touch to Kashmir': From PM Modi to Kejriwal, condolences pour in for Mufti Mohammad Sayeed - Firstpost". 7 January 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  20. ^ "Mufti Mohammad Sayeed laid to rest - Only Kashmir - Behind the News". Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  21. ^ a b http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/nation/cm-who-brought-jammu-with-kashmir-dies/180846.html

External links[edit]

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Mohammad Maqbool
Member of Parliament
for Anantnag

1998–1999
Succeeded by
Ali Mohammed Naik
Political offices
Preceded by
Buta Singh
Minister of Home Affairs
2 December 1989 – 10 November 1990
Succeeded by
Chandra Shekhar
Preceded by
President's Rule
Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
2 November 2002 – 2 November 2005
Succeeded by
Ghulam Nabi Azad
Preceded by
President's Rule
Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir
1 March 2015 – 7 January 2016
Succeeded by
Mehbooba Mufti