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Mugel[1] (or Muageris) succeeded his brother Grod (or Grodas), a Hunnic ruler of the Kutrigur, in Patria Onoguria. Grod converted to Christianity on a visit to Constantinople and was established as a Byzantine puppet ruler, but when he began to melt down idols for the silver and electrum of which they were made, he was killed and replaced with Mugel.[2][3][4] A Byzantine military expedition expelled the Huns from the city of Bosporus[5] and after a rule of only 2 years, from AD 528 to 530, Mugel was succeeded by a civil war between Sandilch and Khinialon.

There was formerly a common view that Muageris derived from the word magyar, for the Hungarian people. The argument was that the Huns in Crimea were, really, the Onogur, and the names of the two princes mentioned by Malalas' chronicle (Theophanes the Confessor had, in his work also called Chronographia, copied data from the Malalas chronicle, and since he relied upon earlier manuscripts of the work, although not the original of the work, he preserved the Malalas report in more detail) as living in the region of the Maeotian Lake (Sea of Azov) and the Kuban River during the earlier half of the sixth century actually referred to people under the rule of the Magyar tribe.[1] This derivation of the name has been discredited.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kosztolnyik, Z. J. (2002). Hungary under the early Árpáds, 890s to 1063. East European monographs. 605. Boulder, Colorado. pp. 28&ndash, 29. ISBN 0-88033-503-3.
  2. ^ Ziemann, Daniel (2007). Vom Wandervolk zur Grossmacht: die Entstehung Bulgariens im frühen Mittelalter (7.–9. Jahrhundert). Kölner historische Abhandlungen (in German). 43. Cologne: Böhlau. p. 89. ISBN 9783412091064.
  3. ^ Thompson, E. A. (1982). Romans and Barbarians: The Decline of the Western Empire. Wisconsin studies in classics. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin. p. 243. ISBN 9780299087005.
  4. ^ Runciman, Steven (1930). History of the First Bulgarian Empire, 482–1019. London: Bell. p. 8. OCLC 153810003.
  5. ^ Rubin, Berthold (1960). Das Zeitalter Iustinians (in German). 1. Berlin: de Gruyter. p. 268. OCLC 490248427.
  6. ^ Maenchen-Helfen, Otto (1973). The World of the Huns: Studies in Their History and Culture. Berkeley, California: University of California. p. 418, note 385. ISBN 9780520015968.
Preceded by
Hunnic Ruler
Ruler in Onoguria
'Prince of Kutrigur Bulgars'

Succeeded by
Khinialon of Kutrigur
Sandilch of Utigur