|Country of origin||Italy|
|Egg color||Ivory white|
The Mugellese, also known as Mugginese, is a rustic dual-purpose breed of small chicken or bantam from Tuscany, in central Italy. It takes its name from the Mugello, an area to the north-east of Florence. It is not officially recognised as a breed in Italy, but is being considered for recognition.
The Mugellese is named after the Mugello, a historic and rural region which extends to the north-east of Florence and which traditionally corresponds with the comuni of Barberino di Mugello, Borgo San Lorenzo, Dicomano, San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, Vaglia and Vicchio. It is one of the few dwarf breeds in Italy, others being the Mericanel della Brianza and the Pépoi.
The Mugellese is a traditional chicken breed of Tuscany, of uncertain origins. It was once extensively kept not only in the Tuscan countryside, but also in the gardens or on the balconies of town houses, perhaps as a pet. It was traditional for grandparents to give a pair of Mugellesi to a child who had reached an age to care for them. Once very common, it became rare in the second half of the 20th century; it is now in a phase of recovery, selection and improvement.
In early 2012, the Mugellese was not officially recognised by the Federazione Italiana Associazioni Avicole, but was under consideration. A draft standard had been prepared, but not yet approved.
The colouring of the Mugellese is dark golden (partridge); hens may also be wheaten buff. The skin is white and legs are pale or flesh-coloured. The comb is single, with 4–6 points. The ear-lobes range from red to white, which last is preferred. Average weight is 0.8 kg (1.8 lb) for cocks, 0.7 kg (1.5 lb) for hens. The eggs are small and ivory-white.
The Mugellese is an active and lively breed. Although small, cocks are highly aggressive towards other cocks. Hens are good sitters, and may sit almost year-round. In the past, capons were often used to care for hatchlings. Birds are robust and resistant to heat and cold, and can be kept in the open all year. If allowed to, they roost in trees.
- Masconni, V. Mugellese detta anche Mugginese (in Italian) Il Pollaio del Re. Accessed January 2012. "The Mugellese, also called Mugginese"
- Atlante delle razze di Polli - Razze italiane: Mugellese (in Italian) Accessed January 2012. "Atlas of chicken breeds - Italian breeds: Mugellese".
- Nana Italiana, perchè no? (in Italian) Federazione Italiana Associazioni Avicole. Accessed January 2012. "Dwarf Italian, why not?".