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|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Mughalsarai is a town and a municipal board in the Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh. Located around 16 kilometres (10 mi) from Varanasi, it is an important railway junction in Uttar Pradesh. It is the site of the Mughalsarai Junction railway station.
Mughalsarai, located along the Grand Trunk Road, also called Sadak-e-Azam by Sher Shah Suri, was one of the corridors connecting North India with the east during the Mughal period. In past centuries, it has been variously known as Mughalchak, Mangalpur and Oven Nagar. The township was named Mughalsarai when Indian railways established a junction here in 1883.
Mughalsarai is bisected by NH 19/ GT Road in three parts. The northern part mainly consists of railway colonies like (Vasant Vihar), New Central Colony, Diesel Colony, Haper Colony, Mahmoodpur, Shubhash Nagar, Loco Colony and Roza Colony, Plant-Depot Colony. It starts after the Parao Road in Varanasi and continue till Alinagar Road which comes after Railway Colony on the south.It has also few Mohallas near to the railway station like Qassab mohal, and Gram panchayat like Amoghpur, Taranpur, Pashurampur, Dharamshala, Mainatali and Galla mandi etc. howeverin other part of the town are situated several colonies namely kailashpuri, ravinagar, patel nagarand shubhash nagar. Kailashpuri colony is the poshest area in town. Mughalsarai is among one of the richest nagarpalika's in uttar pradesh and is called mini mahanagar Lal Bahadur Shastri, India's second Prime Minister was born in Mughalsarai. Sadhana singh is MLA (BJP) & Rekha jaiswal is present chairman (BJP) of nagarpalika parishad Mughalsarai.
The Mughalsarai Railway Station is the fourth busiest station in India, with about 125 passenger trains passing through the Mughalsarai Junction. Two important railway lines intersect at the junction.
Schools and Colleges
There are many Private and Government Schools in the City Like Eastern central railway college, Ambition Institute of Technology, Nagar Palika Inter College, Lal Bahadur Shastri Degree College, Ram Krishna mahila vidyalaya, laxmi public school, S.G.public, seth m r jaipuriya school, Sunbeam Mughalsarai, s.r.v.s.school & Manas Convent School etc and Kendriya Vidhyalaya School, Sarvodaya Rose Bud Public School and Gurukulam Public School.
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- The National Geographical Journal of India, Volume 10. National Geographical Society of India. 1964. p. 136.
Its importance as a railway junction can well be understood by the fact that more than 50 passenger trains and over 150 goods trains pass through it within 24 hours. The amount of coal passing through mughalsarai was about 39,000 tons daily in 1960 and the wagons carrying coal from this end to other stations numbered 1,729 per day.
- "About Mughalsarai, Interesting Facts About Mughalsarai City". www.mughalsaraionline.in.
- "The many names of Mughalsarai".
Lal Bahadur Shastri