Mughalsarai Junction railway station

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Mughalsarai Junction
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction
Express and passenger station
Mughalsarai Station 2.jpg
Mughalsarai Station
LocationMughalsarai – 232101, Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates25°16′36″N 83°07′02″E / 25.2767°N 83.1173°E / 25.2767; 83.1173Coordinates: 25°16′36″N 83°07′02″E / 25.2767°N 83.1173°E / 25.2767; 83.1173
Elevation79.273 metres (260.08 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byECR
Line(s)Howrah-Delhi main line
Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line
Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line
Gaya-Mughalsarai section
Mughalsarai–Kanpur section
Grand Chord
Patna-Mughalsarai section
Mughalsarai-Varanasi-Lucknow section
Structure typeStandard on ground
Bicycle facilitiesNo
Other information
Station codeDDU
MGS (former)
Zone(s) ECR
Division(s) Mughalsarai
Opened1862; 157 years ago (1862)
Previous namesEast Central Railway zone
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction railway station is located in Uttar Pradesh
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction railway station
Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Junction railway station
Location in Uttar Pradesh

Mughalsarai Junction (officially known as Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction, station code: DDU, formely MGS), is a railway station in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The station contains the largest railway marshaling yard in Asia.[1] Mughalsarai yard cater to around 450-500 trains in a month.[2] All east bound Rajdhani trains halt at this station.


Mughalsarai Junction railway station

The East Indian Railway Company started connecting Delhi and Howrah from the mid nineteenth century. In 1862, the railway tracks crossed Mughalsarai and reached the western bank of the Yamuna.[3] The through link to Delhi was established in 1866.[4] The Grand Chord was commissioned in 1906.[5]

The Dufferin Bridge across the Ganges was opened in 1887, connecting Mughalsarai to Varanasi.[6]


The Gaya-Mughalsarai sector was electrified in 1961–63. Mughalsarai yard was electrified in 1963–65.[7]

Marshalling yard[edit]

Mughalsarai marshalling yard is the largest in Asia.[8][9][10] It is 12.5 km long and handles around 1,500 wagons daily. Wagon handling has come down after the railways discontinued piecemeal loading. At its peak, it handled 5,000 wagons a day.[8][11]

Sheds and workshops[edit]

Mughal Sarai diesel loco shed is home to WDM-2, WDM-3A and WDS-5 diesel locos. There was a Northern Railway diesel loco shed at Mughalsarai. It was decommissioned in 2001. Mughalsarai electric loco shed can hold more than 150 electric locos. Amongst them are WAM-4, WAP-4 and more than 70 WAG-7 locos. Kanpur Central electric loco shed accommodates WAP-4 and WAG-7 electric locos.[12]

The largest wagon repair workshop of Indian Railways is located at Mughalsarai.[12]

Passenger movement[edit]

Mughalsarai Junction is amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railways.[13]


Mughalsarai Junction railway station has 2 AC rooms, 4 non-AC retiring rooms, and a ten-bedded non-AC dormitory. It has a food plaza and a ‘Jan Aahar’ (affordable food) facility. The station has ATMs of nationalized banks.[14]

Name change[edit]

In 1992, the BJP led government of the state of Uttar Pradesh attempted to rename Mughalsarai after Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, a Jan Sangh leader who was killed in a train theft incident and was found dead on 11 February 1968 on a railway track near Mughalsarai station.[15] However, the plan was shelved when Kalyan Singh, the chief minister was forced to resign after an outbreak of violence in the state following the Babri Masjid demolition.[16] In 2017, the Indian government approved a fresh proposal forwarded by the Yogi Adityanath-led government to rename the station.[17] The station was officially renamed to Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya junction in August 2018.[18]

The officially renamed station


  1. ^ "[IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Freight Sheds and Marshalling Yards".
  2. ^ "Railways to invest Rs 3,000 crore to mechanize, automate yards". 17 October 2017.
  3. ^ "The many names of Mughalsarai".
  4. ^ "IR History: Early History (1832–1869)". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  5. ^ "IR History: Part III (1900–1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  6. ^ "IR History: Part II (1870–1899)". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  7. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  8. ^ a b "Freight Sheds and Mashalling Yards". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  9. ^ "General Information" (PDF). East Central Railway. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Mughalsarai: Tracks to Nowhere". Outlook India, 8 January 2001. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  11. ^ "Marshalling Yards". Indian Railway Employee. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Sheds and workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  13. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  14. ^ "Mughalsarai Division, Commercial Department" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  15. ^ Noorani, A.G. (2012). Islam, South Asia and the Cold War. Tulika Books. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Mughalsarai station is now Deen Dayal Upadhyay station". India Today. 5 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Mughalsarai railway station renamed after Deen Dayal Upadhyaya: A look at stations that have been renamed recently". The Indian Express. 4 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  18. ^ "Mughalsarai station is now Deen Dayal Upadhyay station". India Today. Retrieved 21 August 2018.

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Indian Railway   Following station
East Central Railway zone
East Central Railway zone
TerminusEast Central Railway zone
Mughalsarai-Varanasi-Lucknow line