Muhamed Filipović

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Muhamed Filipović (born 3 August 1929 in Banja Luka, Yugoslavia) is a Bosnian philosopher, politician, writer and one of the most prominent Bosniak historians. In 1960 he graduated from the Faculty of Arts and attained his PhD. As a young person he took part in the communist overtake of power and partisan army in 1945.[1] He worked as a professor at the Faculty of Phylosophy at the University of Sarajevo. He has published fifty six books, some of which have been translated into other languages.

He is seen by many as one of the leading early 21st century Bosniak academics.[2]

Politics[edit]

He is a founder and leader of the Muslim Bosniak Organization (MBO).[citation needed] At the beginning of the Party of Democratic Action (SDA, est. 1990), the party also included a very influential secular nationalist grouping, led by Adil Zulfikarpašić and Muhamed Filipović.[3] He led a delegation and negotiated both with presidents of Croatia and Slovenia republics in SFRY, who invited Bosnia to join them on the planned path to secession, and later in June 1991, on behalf of SDA president Alija Izetbegović, Zulfikarpašić and Filipović met with SDS president Radovan Karadžić, Nikola Koljević and Momčilo Krajišnik to discuss the future status of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina. He then met with representatives of Serbia who invited Bosnia to stay. Both proposals were rejected by Muslim leaders at the time. He considered especially tragic that proposal to stay in Yugoslavia together with Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro was rejected by Alija Izetbegović, after very successful negotiations with Slobodan Milosevic, who agreed to all of his numerous demands - from Bosniak president and army chief of Yugoslavia to preserving unity of Bosnia within Yugoslavia. The proposal was eventually rejected in the last moment by a telegram from the Muslim party SDA, leading ultimately to war after another rejection of Carrington-Cutileiro plan, at the beginning of 1992, this time on the push from USA.

During the Bosnian War, he was the ambassador to the United Kingdom.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Intervju/Muhamed Filipović za press: Alija je upropastio Bošnjake, napravivši katastrofalnu grešku odlukom da se BiH odvoji od Jugoslavije". Republika. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2012.
  2. ^ Hariz Halilovich (15 January 2013). Places of Pain: Forced Displacement, Popular Memory and Trans-local Identities in Bosnian War-torn Communities. Berghahn Books. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-0-85745-777-6.
  3. ^ Roland Kostić (2007). Ambivalent Peace: External Peacebuilding Threatened Identity and Reconciliation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ambivalent Peace. pp. 69–. ISBN 978-91-506-1950-8.
  4. ^ Gorana Ognjenović; Jasna Jozelić (17 December 2014). Politicization of Religion, the Power of State, Nation, and Faith: The Case of Former Yugoslavia and Its Successor States. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 30–. ISBN 978-1-137-47786-6.