Muhammad Al-Munajjid

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Muhammad Saalih Al-Munajjid
Born (1960-06-07) 7 June 1960 (age 63)
EraModern era
Notable work(s)Founder and supervisor of fatwa website, ZAD Academy (diploma in Islamic courses)
Muslim leader
Influenced by

Muhammad Saalih Al-Munajjid (محمد صالح المنجد) (born 7 June 1960) is a Syrian-born Palestinian-Saudi Islamic scholar. He is the founder of the fatwa website IslamQA, a popular website for responses on the topic of Islam.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

Al-Munajjid was born to Palestinian refugees in Aleppo, Syria in 1960 and raised in Saudi Arabia.[3][4] He studied Islamic law under 'Abd al-'Aziz ibn Baaz,[5] Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymin, Abdullah ibn Jibreen and Abdul-Rahman al-Barrak, among others.[6][edit]

In 1996, Al-Munajjid launched a question and answer Islamic website, The website states, "All questions and answers on this site have been prepared, approved, revised, edited, amended or annotated by Shaykh Muhammad Saalih al-Munajjid, the supervisor of this site."[7] was banned in Saudi Arabia for issuing independent fatwas. In Saudi Arabia the kingdom's Council of Senior Scholars has sole responsibility and authority for issuing fatwas[8][9] under a royal edict issued in August 2010 (while restrictions had been in place since 2005, they were seldom enforced); this move was described by Christopher Boucek [who?] as "the latest example of how the state is working to assert its primacy over the country's religious establishment."[10]


Al-Munajjid has said that the Muʿtazila, the Ashʿari, and Maturidi schools of Islamic theology are wrong in applying Ilm al-Kalam (reason or rational discourse) to explain the Quran and are contradicting both the Quran and the Sunnah.[11] Attributes that God ascribes to himself require neither explanation or interpretation; instead, a Muslim should neither deny the divine attributes nor liken God to his creation but accept the statements of God in the Quran without questioning.[12]

Al-Munajjid has asserted it is obligatory to destroy anything that may tempt or confuse the faithful, including buildings, people, animals, or inanimate objects.[13][14]

Al-Munajjid has stated that Muslim women are required to cover their entire body including the face (only showing eyes) and hands.[15] This ruling is obligatory. Women are required to stay in their homes unless they are in the company of a mahram and are forbidden to drive cars as "it leads to evil consequences" such as being "alone with a non-mahram man, unveiling, reckless mixing with men, and committing haraam actions because of which these things were forbidden".[16][17]


Al-Munajjid has not denounced slavery, and, in a January 2016 fatwa, stated that a man was allowed to have intercourse with a slave that he owns whether he is married or not, and that his wife or wives have no right to object. A Muslim wife "has no right to object to her husband owning female slaves or to his having intercourse with them ... The scholars are unanimous in this assessment, and no one is permitted to view this act as forbidden, or to forbid it. Whoever does so, is a sinner, and is acting against the consensus of the scholars.” However, he did state that Islam does condemn ill treatment of slaves.[18][19][20]

Al-Munajjid has stated that slavery necessarily came about because of jihad against the kuffar (non-believers) and the need to determine what to do with those who have been taken prisoner and thus become property, noting that "In principle, slavery is not something that is desirable" as Islam encourages the freeing of slaves for the expiation of sins.[21] Slaves are to be treated in a "kind manner" including the provision of food and clothing.[22]


Al-Munajjid stated that "The crime of homosexuality is one of the greatest crimes, the worst of sins and the most abhorrent of deeds, and Allah punished those who did it in a way that he did not punish other nations."[23][24] He has openly called for the death penalty for sodomy (those who practice male homosexual intercourse), with works distributed in his name saying that "those guilty of this crime are to be killed by the sword".[25]

Natural disasters[edit]

Following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami he said that it was God's vengeance for celebrating non-Islamic holidays.[26][27]


Al-Munajjid's books include:

  • Koonu ‘ala al-Khayr A‘waanan (Be Helpers in Doing Good)
  • Arba‘oona Naseehah li Islaah al-Buyoot (The Muslim Home: 40 Recommendations)
  • 33 Sababan li’l-Khushoo‘ (33 Ways of Developing Khushoo‘ in Salaah)
  • Al-Asaaleeb an-Nabawiyyah fi ‘Ilaaj al-Akhtaa’ (The Prophet's Methods for Correcting People's Mistakes)
  • Saba‘oona Mas’alah fi’s-Siyaam (70 Matters related to Fasting)[28]
  • ‘Ilaaj al-Humoom (Dealing with Worries and Stress)
  • Al-Manhiyaat ash-Shar‘iyyah (Disallowed Matters)
  • Muharramaat istahaana biha Katheer min an-Naas (Prohibitions that are Taken Too Lightly)
  • Madha taf‘alu fi’l-Haalaat at-Taaliyah (What you should do in the following situations)
  • Zaahirat Da‘f al-Eemaan (Weakness of Faith)[29]
  • Wasaa’il ath-Thibaat ‘ala Deen-Illah (Means of Steadfastness: Standing Firm in Islam)
  • Ureedu an Atooba Walaakin… (I Want to Repent, But…)
  • Shakaawa wa Hulool (Problems and Solutions)
  • Siraa‘ ma‘a ash-Shahawaat (Striving against Whims and Desires)[30]


  1. ^ Richard Gauvain, Salafi Ritual Purity: In the Presence of God, p 355. ISBN 9780710313560
  2. ^ Gauvain, Richard (November 2012). Salafi Ritual Purity: In the Presence of God. Routledge. p. 335. ISBN 978-0710313560. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2020. ... participants generally refer to the established Saudi scholars. In this case, the most common source of reference was Muhammad Salih al-Munajid's well-known website: Islam Question and Answer which provides normative Saudi Arabian Salafi responses.
  3. ^ "Women in Islam: Behind the veil and in front of it". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Women in Islam: Behind the veil and in front of it" Archived 2016-03-12 at the Wayback Machine Deutsche Welle, 1 October 2016.
  5. ^ Brems, Eva. The Experiences of Face Veil Wearers in Europe and the Law. Cambridge University Press. p. 144.
  6. ^ About, Accessed 20 March 2024.
  7. ^ website: "Introduction" Archived 2014-02-23 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Saudi Arabia blocks 'Islam Question and Answer'," Archived 2013-01-31 at the Wayback Machine Al Arabiya (in Arabic), September 2, 2010
  9. ^ Xinhua: "Saudi blocks scholar website after fatwa control decree: report" Archived 2016-09-16 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 3 September 2010.
  10. ^ Christopher Boucek, "Saudi Fatwa Restrictions and the State-Clerical Relationship" Archived 2019-11-04 at the Wayback Machine Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 27 October 2010. Accessed 18 November 2013.
  11. ^ "What are the differences between the Maturidi school of thought and Ahl as-Sunnah?". IslamQA fatwa 205836. Archived from the original on 2 June 2022. Retrieved 27 May 2015. The Maturidis, like other kalaami (philosophical) groups such as the Mu'tazilah and Ash'aris, discussed the necessity of knowing Allah, may He be exalted, on the basis of reason before studying the texts (of Qur'an and Sunnah); they regarded that as the foremost duty of any accountable person, and said that there was no excuse for not doing that. Rather they believe that a person would be punished for not doing it, even if that was before any Prophets or Messengers were sent. Thus they were in agreement with the view of the Mu'tazilah. This is a view that is evidently wrong, as it contradicts what is proven in the Qur'an and Sunnah.
  12. ^ "Islam QA fatwa: 96323: The 'aqeedah of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and the praise of the imams for him and Ibn Hajar's attitude towards him". Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. The view of the salaf is one of moderation, neither denying the divine attributes nor likening Allaah to His creation. They do not liken the attributes of Allaah to the attributes of His creation, as they do not liken His essence to the essence of His creation. They do not deny that which He ascribes to Himself or that His Messenger ascribes to Him, which leads to denying His beautiful names and sublime attributes, and to displacing words from (their) right places (cf. al-Nisa' 4:46) and turning away from (Fussilat 41:40) the names and signs of Allaah. Both those who deny Allaah's attributes and those who liken Him to His creation are guilty of both errors. Those who deny His attributes failed to understand the names and attributes of Allaah except in a manner that is befitting to created beings, so they denied these concepts and thus they have combined both errors; first of all they likened Him to His creation, then they denied His attributes as a result. That is likening the names and attributes to what may be understood from the names and attributes of His creation, then they denied the attributes that He deserves to have that are befitting to Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted.
  13. ^ "Fatwa: Obligation to destroy idols". Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015. This hadeeth indicates that it is prescribed to remove things that may tempt or confuse the people, whether they are buildings, people, animals or inanimate objects ... They were unanimously agreed that whatever casts a shadow is not allowed and must be changed. Images that cast a shadow are three-dimensional images like these statues.
  14. ^ Russell, Gerald (7 March 2015). "Isis are modern vandals smashing centuries of history". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 2 June 2022.
  15. ^ "Do women have to wear niqaab?". IslamQA fatwa 21134. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2023. Therefore, if the woman's Niqab or burqa' does not show anything but the eyes, and the opening is only as big as the left eye, as was narrated from some of the salaf, then that is permissible, otherwise she should wear something which covers her face entirely.
  16. ^ "Does the ruling on driving a car vary from one country to another?". IslamQA fatwa 45880. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 1 August 2015. Allaah commanded the wives of the Prophet and the believing women to stay in their houses, to observe hijab and to avoid showing their adornments to non-mahrams because of the permissiveness that all these things lead to, which spells doom for society.
  17. ^ Greenberg, Jon (7 October 2014). "Obeidallah: Saudi Arabia is the only Muslim nation where women can't drive". Punditfact. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014.
  18. ^ Knipp, Kersten (10 January 2016). "Women in Islam: Behind the veil and in front of it". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 5 May 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  19. ^ "Ruling on having intercourse with a slave woman when one has a wife". IslamQA. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016.
  20. ^ Nomani, Asra Q.; Arafa, Hala (11 October 2015). "Inside the World of Gulf State Slavery". Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 1 May 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  21. ^ al-Khudayr. "The difference between slaves and prostitutes". IslamQA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  22. ^ "Islam and Slavery". IslamQA. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  23. ^ McCarthy, Andrew C. (14 August 2013). "Obama's Gay-Rights Hypocrisy". National Review. Archived from the original on 7 August 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  24. ^ Nomani, Asra Q. "Islam must repeal its scarlet-letter sex laws". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2 October 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  25. ^ Titheradge, Noel (27 February 2018). "Is there a problem with unregistered schools?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  26. ^ "Tsunami survivors cling tightly to faith across ravaged region". Baylor University. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2013.: "The problem is that the [Christian] holidays are accompanied by forbidden things, by immorality, abomination, adultery, alcohol, drunken dancing, ... and revelry... Haven't they learned the lesson from what Allah wreaked upon the coast of Asia, during the celebration of these forbidden? At the height of immorality, Allah took vengeance on these criminals. Those celebrating spent what they call 'New Year's Eve' in vacation resorts, pubs, and hotels. Allah struck them with an earthquake. He finished off the Richter scale. All nine levels gone. Tens of thousands dead... the Almighty Lord of the worlds... showed them His wrath and His strength. He showed them His vengeance. Is there anyone learning the lesson? Is it impossible that we will be struck like them? Why do we go their way? Why do we want to be like them, with their holidays, their forbidden things, and their heresy?"
  27. ^ "Saudis and Tsunamis". The Weekly Standard. 17 January 2005. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  28. ^ نور, مكتبة. "تحميل كتاب 70 Matters Related to Fasting pdf". (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 10 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  29. ^ نور, مكتبة. "تحميل كتاب Weakness of Faith pdf". (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 10 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  30. ^ Biography of the site's General Supervisor Archived 2022-03-09 at the Wayback Machine About our site

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