Muhammad 'Alawi al-Maliki

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Muhammad ibn Alawi al-Maliki
TitleShaykh, Sayyid
Died2004 (aged 59-60)
Resting placeJannat al-Mu'alla, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Main interest(s)Sufism, Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh, Usul al-fiqh, Aqidah, Seerah
Notable work(s)Mafahim Yajib an Tusahhah (Conceptions That Need to Be Corrected)
Alma materAl-Azhar University
Muslim leader

Al-Sayyid Muhammad al-Hasan bin ‘Alawi bin ‘Abbas bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz (1944–2004), also known as Muhammad ibn Alawi al-Maliki, was one of the foremost traditional Sunni Islamic scholar of contemporary times from Saudi Arabia.[2] He is considered to be the Mujaddid of 20th-21st century.[3][4]


Family background[edit]

The Maliki family is one of the most respected families in Mecca and has produced great scholars who taught in the Haram of Mecca for centuries. In fact, five of the Sayyid's ancestors have been the Maliki Imams of the Haram of Mecca. Muhammad ibn Alawi al-Maliki was born in Mecca. Due to the well-known nature of their family, they preferred to teach themselves in the Sacred Holy Mosque.[2][5]


With his father's instruction, he also studied and mastered the various traditional Islamic sciences of Aqidah, Tafsir, Hadith, Seerah, Fiqh, Usul, Mustalah, Nahw, etc. Scholars of Mecca, as well as Medina, all of whom granted him full Ijazah to teach these sciences to others. Some of the scholars from whom he obtained ijazahs and chains of transmission from include: His father, 'Alawi ibn 'Abbas al-Maliki al-Hasani, al-Habib Ahmad Mashhur Taha al-Haddad, Hasanain Makhlouf, Muhammad al-'Arabi al-Tabbani,[6] Muhammad Hafidh al-Tijani, Amin Kutbi, Mustafa Raza Khan, and numerous others.[7]


Despite criticism of him, al-Maliki retained prominence. In an attempt to counter Wahabism in the early 1990s, the Government of Saudi Arabia began supporting practitioners of Sufism in the Hijaz region as a way to bolster religious support of the state; al-Maliki became the self-imposed leader of Hijazi Sufism under state sponsorship, with several thousand supporters.[8]


He died in 2004 and was buried in Mecca. After his death, Saudi dignitaries made condolence visits to his family.[9] Crown Prince 'Abd Allah (the future king) was quoted as stating that al-Maliki "was faithful both to his religion and country"[10] as one western journalist noted, "the rehabilitation of his legacy was almost complete."[11]

Literary works[edit]

Al-Maliki has written on a variety of religious, legal, social and historical topics.

Selected works on various subjects[edit]


  • Mafahim Yajib an Tusahhah (Conceptions That Need to Be Corrected)[12]
  • Bidaah Menurut Ulama Salaf[13]
  • On Celebrating the Birthday of Prophet[14]
  • Seerah[edit]

    • Muhammad the Best of Creation[15]
    • Prophet's Night Journey and Heavenly ascent[16]
    • Al-Anwar al-Bahiyyah fi Isra wa M’iraj Khayr al-Bariyyah[17]
    • Al-Zakha’ir al-Muhammadiyyah [18]
    • Prophet in the Barzakh and the Hadith of Isra and Miraj[19]


    • Salawat Quraniyyah[20]
    • Meluruskan Kesalahpahaman[13]
    • Dialah Allah[13]

    See also[edit]


    1. ^ "Shaykh Dr Gibril Haddad". Archived from the original on 15 November 2015. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
    2. ^ a b "Sayyid Muhammad bin 'Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani: A Biography". Imam Ghazali Institute. Retrieved 2021-09-20.
    3. ^ "next mujaddid- Syekh Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki, Benteng Sunni Abad ke-21". Republika (Indonesian newspaper) (in Indonesian). 2015-03-02. Retrieved 2020-06-08.
    4. ^ Jalali. "Correct Understanding of the Mawlid – 1 | | Tariqatu-l Arusiyyatu-l Qadiriyyah Worldwide Association (Singapore) - Shari'a, Tariqa, Ma'rifa, and Haqiqa". Retrieved 2020-06-08.
    5. ^ Marion Holmes Katz, The Birth of the Prophet Muhammad: Devotional piety in Sunni Islam, p. 185. ISBN 0203962141. Publication Date: June 6, 2007
    6. ^ "Sayyid Muhammad bin 'Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani: A Biography". Imam Ghazali Institute. Archived from the original on 2 Dec 2022.
    7. ^ Obituary to al-Sayyid Muhammad bin Alawi al-Maliki Archived 2007-10-18 at the Wayback Machine
    8. ^ Stephane Lacroix, Awakening Islam, pg. 220. Trns. George Holoch. Cambridge: President and Fellows of Harvard College, 2011.
    9. ^ Marion Holmes Katz, The Birth of the Prophet Muhammad: Devotional piety in Sunni Islam, p. 215. ISBN 0203962141. Publication Date: June 6, 2007. See Khalid ' Abd Allah, " al-Amlr Sultan yazuru usrat al-Duktur Muhammad 'Alawl al-Malikl mu'azziyan," Jaridat al-Riyad, 19 Ramadan 1425 (accessed at l-2004/Mainpage/LOCALl_24136.php on May 25, 2006).
    10. ^ See P.K. Abdul Ghafour, "Abdullah Lauds Noble Efforts of Al-Malki," Arab News, November 2, 2004.(
    11. ^ Marion Holmes Katz, The Birth of the Prophet Muhammad: Devotional piety in Sunni Islam, p. 215. ISBN 0203962141. Publication Date: June 6, 2007. Quoting Ambah, "In Saudi Arabia," p. A13.
    12. ^ Katz, Marion Holmes (2007-05-07). The Birth of The Prophet Muhammad: Devotional Piety in Sunni Islam. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-98394-9.
    13. ^ a b c "Books by Muhammad Alawi al-Maliki al-Hasani (Author of Meluruskan Kesalahpahaman)". Retrieved 2020-06-08.
    14. ^ Muhammad, Alawi Al-Maliki (2015-12-20). On Celebrating the Birth of the Prophet. Muhammad Sattaur. ISBN 978-0-578-17440-2.
    15. ^ "Prophet the Best of Creation". 8 June 2020. Archived from the original on 16 February 2020.
    16. ^ Al-Maliki, Muhammad Ibn Alawi (2020-02-15). The Prophet's Night Journey and Heavenly Ascent. Imam Ghazali Institute. ISBN 978-1-952306-00-6.
    17. ^ Kabbani, Muhammad Hisham; Kabbani, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham (2004). The Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition Guidebook of Daily Practices and Devotions. ISCA. ISBN 978-1-930409-22-4.
    18. ^ "Zakha'ir al-Muhammadiyyah Urdu Translation". Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
    19. ^ Ibn 'Alawi, Al-Sayyid Muhammad (December 1999). Islamic Doctrines & Beliefs: The prophets in Barzakh and the hadith of Isrâ ̓and Mirâj by al-Sayyid Muhammad ibn ʻAlawī followed by The immense merits of al-Shâm and The vision of Allah. ISCA. ISBN 978-1-930409-00-2.
    20. ^ al-Maliki, Sayyid Muhammad ibn Alawi (2003). Salawat Quraniah (in Malay). Abnak Production. ISBN 978-983-2276-47-0.

    External links[edit]