Muhammad Ghawth

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See Ghaus Mohammad for the tennis player who reached the Wimbledon quarterfinals in 1939

Muhammad Ghawth (Ghouse,[1] Ghaus or Gwath[2][3]) Gwaliyari was a 16th-century Sufi master of the Shattari order and Sufi saint, a musician,[4] and the author of Jawahir-i Khams (Arabic: al-Jawahir al-Khams, meaning the Five Jewels).


  1. Muhammad Ghawth Gwaliyari
  2. Khatiruddin Bayazid
  3. Fariduddin Attar
  4. Sima al Wasil
  5. Ahmad al Sadiq
  6. Taqiuddin Najib
  7. Abu Bakr al Ajli
  8. Isma'il ibn Jafar
  9. Ja'far al-Sadiq
  10. Muhammad al-Baqir
  11. Zayn al-Abidin
  12. Husain ibn Ali
  13. Ali ibn Abi Talib.
  14. Muhammad


He was born in 906 AH (1500 AD) In the preface of al-Jawahir al-Khams, he states that he wrote the book when he was 25 years old. In 956 A.H. (1549 CE) he travelled to Gujarat, when he was 50 years old. He stayed in Ahmedabad for ten years where he founded Ek Toda Mosque and preached.[5]


al-Jawahir al-Khams from a private manuscript collection
  • Jawahir-i-Khamsa (The five jewels) which was later translated to Arabic, al-Jawahir al-Khams, by the Mecca-based Shattari teacher Sibghat Allah (d. 1606 CE).
  • Bahr al-Hayat (The Ocean of Life), his translation of Hawd al-Hayat (The Pool of Life), an Arabic translation of Amrtakunda, a book on Yoga, written in Sanskrit.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Shattari lineage
  2. ^ Idries Shah, The Sufis ISBN 0-86304-020-9 Octagon Press 1989 pp 335, 367
  3. ^ Idries Shah, Tales of the Dervishes ISBN 0-900860-47-2 Octagon Press 1993 pp 111-112
  4. ^ Wade, Bonnie C. (1998). Imaging Sound: An Ethnomusicological Study of Music, Art, and Culture in Mughal India (Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology). University Of Chicago Press. pp. 113–115. ISBN 0-226-86840-0.  See google book search.
  5. ^ Achyut Yagnik (2 February 2011). Ahmedabad: From Royal city to Megacity. Penguin Books Limited. p. 42. ISBN 978-81-8475-473-5. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]