Muhammad Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi

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Mujahid-e-Millat

Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi
In office
1952–1962
ConstituencyAmroha
Member of Parliament in the 1st Lok Sabha
Member of Parliament in the 2nd Lok Sabha
Personal details
Born1900
Seohara, Bijnor district
Died2 August 1962(1962-08-02) (aged 61–62)
Resting placeMunhadiyan, New Delhi
Political partyIndian National Congress
Alma materMadrasa Shahi, Moradabad, Darul Uloom Deoband

Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi (1900 - 2 August 1962) was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi school of Islamic thought and an activist of Indian independence movement. He fought against British rule for about 25 years (1922-1947) and spent eight years in jail.[1]He was a politician as well, he served as member of Indian Parliament for the Indian National Congress from Amroha (Lok Sabha constituency) from 1952 to 1962.[2][3]

Birth and Education[edit]

Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi was born in 1900 coinciding Islamic year 1318 AH in a zamindar family in Seohara, a city and municipal board in Bijnor district of Indian state Uttar Pradesh. His father Haaji Shamsuddin was an assistant engineer in Bhopal state and then in the Bikaner state. Maulana Seoharwi started his educational journey from his house and was later enrolled in Madrasa Shahi, Moradabad. Seoharwi completed his Dars-e-Nizami curriculum from Madrasa Faiz-e-Aam, Seohara. He studied there under the likes of Maulana Abdul Ghafoor Seoharwi, Maulana Ahmad Chishti and Maulana Sayyid Aftab Ali. Later in 1922 , he moved the Darul Uloom Deoband and studied Daurah Hadith there under Anwar Shah Kashmiri and graduated in 1923 (1342 AH). [4][5]

Literary works[edit]

  • Akhlaq aur Falsafa-e-Akhlaq
  • Azadi: Bunyadi Insani Haq[6]
  • Balagh-e-Mubeen[7]
  • Hukumat Ka Deeni Tasawwur[8]
  • Fard aur Ijtima'iyat [9]
  • Islam ka iqtesadi Nizam[10]
  • Qasas al-Quran [11], [12]
  • Qur'ani Usool-e-Ma'ashiyaat [13]
  • Rasul-e-Karim
  • Seerat-e-Nabwi ki Zarurat wa Ahmiyyat [14]
  • Waqt ki Qadr-o-Qeemat [15]

Death and Legacy[edit]

Maulana Seoharwi died of cancer on 2 August 1962. His funeral prayer was lead by Qari Muhammad Tayyib, the mohtamim of Darul Uloom Deoband. Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru also paid tributes besides the dozens of members of Indian parliament and other central ministers. His funeral prayer witnessed a crowd of about 2 lac people.His resting place is located in Munhadiyan, New Delhi where Shah Waliullah Dehlawi is also buried. [16][5]Hifzur Rahman Academy has been set up in Jeddah in his memory.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maulana Hifzur Rahman and his Qasas-ul-Qur'an". www.arabnews.com. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  2. ^ "Can BJP reverse the trend in slippery Amroha? - Times of India". The Times of India.
  3. ^ "ENTRANCEINDIA | Maulana Mohammad Hifzur Rahman MP biodata Amroha | ENTRANCEINDIA". www.entranceindia.com.
  4. ^ Abu Salman Shahjahanpuri. Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi: Ek Siyasi Mutala (in Urdu). Farid Book Depot, Daryaganj, New Delhi. p. 27,30,39.
  5. ^ a b Syed Mehboob Rizwi. History of The Dar al-Ulum Deoband (Volume 2) (PDF). Translated by Prof. Murtaz Husain F. Quraishi (1981 ed.). Idara-e-Ehtemam, Dar al-Ulum Deoband. p. 107-109. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  6. ^ Azadi: Bunyadi Insani Haq (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  7. ^ Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi. Balagh-e-Mubeen (PDF). Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  8. ^ Hukumat Ka Deeni Tasawwur (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  9. ^ Fard aur Ijtima'iyat (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  10. ^ Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi. Islam ka iqtesadi nizam (PDF). Shaykhul Hind Academy, Karachi. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  11. ^ Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi. Qasas al-Quran (Volume 1-2) (PDF). Darul Isha'at Karachi. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  12. ^ Maulana Hifzur Rahman Seoharwi. Qasas al-Quran (Volume 3-4) (PDF). Darul Isha'at Karachi. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  13. ^ Qur'ani Usool-e-Ma'ashiyaat (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  14. ^ Seerat-e-Nabwi ki Zarurat wa Ahmiyyat (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  15. ^ Waqt ki Qadr-o-Qeemat (PDF). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  16. ^ Abu Muhammad Maulana Sana'ullah Saad Shuja'abadi. Ulama-e-Deoband Ke Aakhri Lamhaat (in Urdu). Maktaba Rasheediya, Saharanpur. p. 124-125.
  17. ^ "Hifzur Rahman Academy gives souvenirs to pilgrims". SaudiGazette.com. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  18. ^ "Hifzur Rehman Academy honors new Muslims in Jeddah". ArabNews.com. Retrieved 19 July 2019.