Muhammad IV al-Hadi
Muhammad El Hadi Bey (Arabic: محمد الهادي باي بن علي), commonly referred to as Hédi Bey (Le Bardo, 24 June 1855 – Carthage, 11 May 1906) was the son of Ali III ibn al-Husayn and the fourteenth Husainid Bey of Tunis, ruling from 1902 until his death.
He was named Bey al-Mahalla (Heir Apparent) on 3 December 1898 and succeeded as Bey of Tunis on the day of his predecessor's death, 11 June 1902, at a ceremony in the throne room of the palace in Tunis, in the presence of the French resident. Before the French protectorate of Tunisia the Ottoman sultan had bestowed honorific military ranks on the Bey of Tunis and his Heir Apparent. Hédi Bey did not receive such an honour, but was instead made Divisional General of the Beylical Guard when he became Heir Apparent, and became Marshal on his accession.
Following a dispute in 1904 with the French Resident General Stephen Pichon over the dismissal of his Grand Vizier Mohammed Aziz Bouattour, he suffered a stroke which caused paralysis of his lower limbs. Shortly before his death, the first violent resistance to authority since the start of the protectorate took place in the Thala-Kasserine Disturbances.
- Omar Khlifi, Moncef Bey, le roi martyr, éd. MC-Editions, Carthage, 2006, p. 12 ISBN 9973-807-24-3
- Jean-François Martin, Histoire de la Tunisie contemporaine. De Ferry à Bourguiba. 1881-1956, éd. L'Harmattan, Paris, 2003, p. 255
- Stewart, John (2006). African states and rulers (3rd ed.). McFarland & Co. ISBN 978-0-7864-2562-4.
- "Latest intelligence - Tunis". The Times (36792). London. 12 June 1902. p. 7.
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