Muhammad Juman

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Ustad Mohammad Juman
Sindhi: استاد محمد جمن
Born(1935-10-10)10 October 1935
DiedJanuary 24, 1990(1990-01-24) (aged 54)
OccupationMusician, folk singer
Years active1950s–1990
Known forClassical music, Kafi, Ghazal
AwardsPride of Performance Award by the President of Pakistan in 1980

Ustad Muhammad Juman (Sindhi: استاد محمد جمن‎) (10 October 1935 – 24 January 1990) was a Sindhi musician and classical singer from Pakistan, whose impact on Sindhi music is still pervasive .[1][2]

Early life and career[edit]

Muhammad Juman was born on 10 October 1935 in the village of Sorra, located in the Lasbela District of Balochistan, to a musician, Haji Ahmed Sakhirani of Sakhirani clan.[3] It was only natural that he became fond of music from his childhood years. Juman took formal music lessons from a venerable Pakistani musician Ustad Nazar Hussain of Pakistan Television (Lahore Center), who had also been a music tutor to the renowned singer Madam Noor Jehan.[1]

He went to Radio Pakistan in Karachi to start a career as a "Surando" Player (fiddler). He played symphony of Kohyari in audition and started working as a staff musician of Radio Pakistan, Karachi. He played "Surrando" in harmany with many artists especially Ustad Muhammad Ibrahim.[3]

In 1955, he went to Radio Pakistan Hyderabad as a musician where he composed Kalams of various Sufi saints of Sindh.[1]

Flute playing[edit]

He was fond of playing flute since childhood therefore he visited Radio Pakistan Karachi station several times. Eventually, he started program as a flute player.[1][3]

Singing career[edit]

Some of his fellow radio artists advised him to sing as his voice had a quality. Within short time, he started singing regularly and appeared at Radio Pakistan Hyderabad as a singer. Here he became a student of Ustad Nazar Hussain and Wahid Ali Khan (elder). Afterwards he worked hard to learn the music of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai’s poetry and became a successful singer.[1][3]

Ustad Muhammad Juman was such a musician who brought out new colors, new ways and renovations to Sindhi music. He used to work hard and composed countless musical melodies. He had his own unique style of singing which was appreciated not only by public but also by other musicians. He sang the poetry of mystic poets but specially sang Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai with great love. One of the famous kafi song “Muhinjo Mulk Malir, Kotan Main Aaun Keean Guzariyan” was recorded for film Umer-Marvi. His famous and evergreen Kafi was “Yaar Dadhi Isaq Aatish lai Hai”.[4]

Muhammad Juman also performed in India, Bangladesh, Japan, Australia and many other countries.[3] Veteran singers like Lata Mangeshkar, Noor Jehan and Abida Parveen have praised his singing talent. Former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto also was an admirer and used to invite him for his personal gatherings.[3]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Music training[edit]

Muhammad Jumman received his music education from Ustad Nazar Hussain and Bari Waheed Ali Khan, expert on Bhittai's Surs (Symphonies).[3] He became very famous when he sang a Sindhi Kalam of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai:


This Kalam (Song) was composed by notable musician Debo Bhattacharya. Muhammad Jumman became well-known everywhere after performing a Saraiki Kafi of Usman Faqir:

Muhammad Juman was a regular performer of Sufi music on Pakistan Television shows.[7]

He also sang Mir Sikandar Khan Khoso's kafis "Ishq munjhon izhar thee ayo" and "Kech Punhal day hal kahay hal" at Radio Pakistan. Juman's son, Shafi Muhammad, also followed his style of kafi singing.[8]

Death[edit]

He died on 24 January 1990 at a Karachi hospital due to complications from hepatitis and diabetes. He was buried at Mewa Shah Graveyard, Karachi.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Profile of Ustad Muhammad Juman on encyclopediasindhiana.org website (in Sindhi language) Retrieved 22 July 2019
  2. ^ Maro Je Malir Ja, by Khadim Hussain Chandio, pp. 609-610.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Ustad Juman - a legend of Sindhi music The Nation (newspaper), Published 10 April 2009, Retrieved 22 July 2019
  4. ^ a b The great singing of Sindhi raj: Muhammad Juman on sindhsalamat.com website Published 24 January 2011, Retrieved 22 July 2019
  5. ^ Music gallery at Sindh Museum named after Ustad Juman Dawn (newspaper), Published 30 January 2013, Retrieved 22 July 2019
  6. ^ Ustad Juman song on YouTube Uploaded 9 Nov 2009, Retrieved 22 July 2019
  7. ^ Muhammad Juman performing on Pakistan Television Uploaded 13 October 2012, Retrieved 22 July 2019
  8. ^ a b The Sindh Times newspaper Ustad Muhammad Jumman's death anniversary, published 25 Jan 2015, Retrieved 22 July 2019