Muhammad Ma Jian

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Muhammad Ma Jian
Traditional Chinese 馬堅
Simplified Chinese 马坚
Courtesy name
Traditional Chinese 子實
Simplified Chinese 子实
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Ma.

Muhammad Ma Jian (Gejiu, 1906 – Beijing, 1978) (Arabic: محمد ماكين الصيني‎‎ Muḥammad Mākīn as-Ṣīnī;[1] English translation: Muhammad Ma Jian the Chinese) was a Chinese Islamic scholar and translator. He is notable for translating the Qur'an into Chinese and stressing compatibility between Marxism and Islam.[2]

Born in Shadian village, Gejiu, Yunnan, Ma Jian went to Shanghai to pursue his studies in 1928. In 1931, he left China for Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt as a member of the first group of government-sponsored Chinese students to study there.[1][3] While in Cairo, he wrote a book in Arabic about Islam in China, and translated the Analects into Arabic. He returned to China in 1939. There he edited the Arabic-Chinese Dictionary and translated the Qur'an and other Islamic works. He studied under Imam Hu Songshan.[4][5][6] He became a professor of Beijing University in 1946. In 1981, the China Social Science Press published his Chinese version of the Qur'an; an Arabic-Chinese bilingual version was later published by the Medina-based King Fahd Holy Qur'an Printing Press.


  1. ^ a b Kees Versteegh; Mushira Eid (2005). Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics: A-Ed. Brill. pp. 382–. ISBN 978-90-04-14473-6. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Harris, George (April 2007), "Al-Azhar through Chinese spectacles", The Muslim World 24 (2): 178–182, doi:10.1111/j.1478-1913.1934.tb00293.x 
  4. ^ Dudoignon, Stephane A.; Hisao, Komatsu; Yasushi, Kosugi, eds. (2006). Intellectuals in the Modern Islamic World: Transmission, Transformation and Communication. Volume 3 of New Horizons in Islamic Studies. Routledge. p. 342. ISBN 1134205988. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  5. ^ The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Volume 23. Contributors Association of Muslim Social Scientists, International Institute of Islāmic Thought. Jointly published by the Association of Muslim Social Scientists; International Institute of Islamic Thought. 2006. p. 56. Retrieved 24 April 2014.  horizontal tab character in |others= at position 13 (help)
  6. ^ Haiyun Ma, "Patriotic and Pious Chinese Muslim Intellectual in Modern China: The Case of Ma Jian,” American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, Vol. 23, No.3, 2006, pp.54-70.

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