Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah

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Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah
The Fifth Sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty
Muhammad 'Alî 001.jpg
Reign 1580–1611[1]
Predecessor Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah
Successor Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah
Born 1565
Golkonda, Hyderabad, Mughal India
(now in Telangana, India)
Died 11 January 1612(1612-01-11) (aged 46–47)
Daulat Khan-e-Ali Palace, Hyderabad, Mughal India
(now in Telangana, India)
Issue Hayat Baksh Begum (wife of Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah)
House Qara Qoyunlu
Father Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah
Mother Bhagirathi of Vijayanagar
Religion Shia Islam

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah (1565 – 11 January 1612) was the fifth sultan of the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golkonda and founded the city of Hyderabad, in South-central India and built its architectural centerpiece, the Charminar. He was an able administrator and his reign is considered one of the high points of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. He ascended to the throne in 1580 at the age of 15 and ruled for 31 years.

Tomb of Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in Hyderabad

Birth, Early Life And Personal Life[edit]

Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah was the third son of Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali. He was an accomplished poet and wrote his poetry in Persian, Telugu and Urdu.[2] As the first author in the Urdu language he composed his verses in the Persian diwan style, and his poems consisted of verses relating to a single topic, gazal-i musalsal.[2] Muhammad Quli's Kulliyat comprised 1800 pages, over half were gazals, qasidas on one hundred pages, while the rest contained over 300 pages of matnawi and marsiyas. [2]

Charminar in Hyderabad was built by Quli Qutub Shah

City of Hyderabad[edit]

Muhammad Quli built a city called Hyderabad on the southern bank of the Musi River in 1591. Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah called architects from all around the world to lay out the city, which was built on a grid plan and named after his love Bhagmathi. The city was named in the remembrance of 1st Imam of Shia Muslim Hzt Ali Ibne Abi Talib. He has also given name to his wife Bhagirathi as Hyder Mahal. He was a great leader and very pious person who constructed Char Minar, Makkah Masjid. He was the one who laid foundation stone of Makkah Masjid after checking that there was no one in the crowd who never skipped a single prayer except him.

Patronage of literature[edit]

Quli Qutb Shah was a scholar of Arabic, Persian and Telugu languages. He wrote poetry in Urdu, Persian, and Telugu. His poetry has been compiled into a volume entitled "Kulliyat-e-Quli Qutub Shah." Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah had the distinction of being the first Saheb-e-dewan Urdu poet[3] and is credited with introducing a new sensibility into prevailing genres of Persian/Urdu poetry.

Preceded by
Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah
Qutb Shahi dynasty
Succeeded by
Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah


  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 118. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  2. ^ a b c Annemarie Schimmel, Classical Urdu Literature from the Beginning to Iqbāl, (Otto Harrassowitz, 1975), 143.
  3. ^ "Quli Qutub Shah remembered on his 400th death anniversary". The Siasat Daily. 14 January 2012. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 


  • Sangaychay Mala by Gajanan Pole
  • Prime Ministers of Qutubshhs by Sri Bhopal Rao
  • Luther, Narendra. Prince, Poet, Lover, Builder: Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, The Founder of Hyderabad
  • Books on Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
  • Chopra, R.M., The Rise, Growth And Decline of Indo-Persian Literature, Iran Culture House, New Delhi, 2012.

External links[edit]