Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari

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Akbar Hydari
Governor of Assam
In office
4 May 1947 – 28 December 1948
Preceded by Henry Foley Knight (acting)
Succeeded by Ronald Francis Lodge (acting)
Personal details
Born (1894-10-12)12 October 1894
British India
Died 28 December 1948(1948-12-28) (aged 54)
Waikhong, Manipur, India
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) Sigrid Westling
Parents Akbar Hydari
Amina Hydari
Occupation Civil servant, politician

Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari, KCIE, CSI (12 October 1894 – 28 December 1948) was an Indian civil servant and politician. He was the last British-appointed and the first Indian Governor of the province of Assam.

Early life[edit]

Hydari was born to Amina[1] and Sir Akbar Hydari, a Sulaimani Bohra Muslim family, on 12 October 1894. He was one of seven children.[2] The lawyer and eminent Congressman Badruddin Tyabji was his granduncle. He completed his studies in Bombay and Oxford and entered the Indian civil service in 1919 beginning his career in the Madras Presidency.


In June 1924, Hydari was appointed the undersecretary in the Department of Education, Health and Lands of the imperial government. He then served as Agent to the Governor of Ceylon from October 1887 to June 1929 dealing with welfare and rights of the large Indian labour force in the plantations.[3] After the creation of Imperial Council of Agricultural Research in 1929, he became its secretary.[4]

Hydari, in the position of joint secretary to the delegation from the Indian States first and later as Adviser to the delegation from Hyderabad State led by his father, visited London for the Round Table Conferences.[5] Speaking at the second Conference on the State's behalf, he called for "work[ing] in harmony ... for the Greater and United India".[6] On the discussions that followed the second Conference, he was a member of the Federal Finance Committee and the Consultative Committee.[7]

Subsequently, Hydari returned to the Department of Education, Health and Lands as its joint secretary and then served as secretary of the Labour Department. During the early stages of World War II, he represented India on the Eastern Group Supply Council, a body set up to co-ordinate the build-up of supplies in the British colonies and dominions east of Suez. He was then placed on special duty in the Foreign Affairs Department. In 1945, he was appointed a member of the Viceroy's Executive Council and was given the charge of Information and Broadcasting Department.[8][9][10]

Upon the formation of an interim government in 1946, Hydari was given the charge of labour, works, mines, power, information and arts, and health. In January 1947, his appointment as the Governor of Assam and was approved by King George VI, and was to take office in May after the completion of Sir Andrew Gourlay Clow's term.[11] He took office on 4 May and he continued to hold the post following independence.[4] With the Naga movement on during the time, in its demand for an independent State, Hydari signed a nine-point agreement with Naga National Convention in June.[12][13]

Personal life[edit]

Hydari married Sigrid Westling,[14] a Swedish woman, and they had three children together: son and namesake Akbar Hydari (1919–1998)[15] and two daughters.[8] His son Hydari served as the Chairman of Western India Match Company (WIMCO) Ltd. from 1964 till the 1980s,[16] later, the Director of Facit Asia and Honorary Swedish Consul in Madras.[17]

Hydari died from stroke at 6:30 p.m. (IST) on 28 December 1948 in a dak bungalow in Waikhong, a village 30 miles (48 km) away from Imphal in the princely state of Manipur. Serving as the Governor of Assam during the time, he was on a tour of Manipur with his wife and son; N. K. Rustomjee, the tribal adviser to the Governor; and Military Secretary Major Dhamija.[8] Starting 3 p.m. (IST) on 29 December, his body, in a coffin draped in the National and Governor's flag, was carried in a procession led by a contingent of Assam Rifles to the cemetery in the Imphal Cantonment and was buried at 4 p.m. (IST). The cemetery is housed in the Kangla Palace.[18] A three-day mourning was observed in Manipur. In an obituary, The Gazette of India wrote, "Sir Akbar will be remembered above all for the remarkable catholicity of his religious outlook and his genius for friendship. In this he maintained the distinguished record of his illustrious father."[5]


  1. ^ "Lady Hydari Club". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Sir Mohammed Saleh Mohammed Akbar Hydari". Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  3. ^ Peebles, Patrick (2001). The Plantation Tamils of Ceylon. A&C Black. p. 148. ISBN 9780718501549.
  4. ^ a b "Hydari, Sir (Muhammad Saleh) Akbar". Archived from the original on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  5. ^ a b ""Serious Loss to the Administration"". The Indian Express. 31 December 1948. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  6. ^ Indian Round Table Conference Proceedings. Government of India. 1931. p. 16. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  7. ^ "Round-Table Committee". Malaya tribune. 3 February 1932. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "Sir A. Hydari Passes Away". The Indian Express. 30 December 1948. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Information Department to be on Reduced Scale". The Straits Times. 16 March 1946. p. 2. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  10. ^ M. Epstein (2016). The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1946 (83 ed.). Springer. p. 112. ISBN 9780230270756. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  11. ^ "New Governor of Assam". The Straits Times. London. 28 January 1947. p. 4. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Naga-Akbar Hydari Accord (Nine Point Agreement)" (PDF). South Asia Terrorism Portal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  13. ^ Kashyap, Samudra Gupta; Swami, Praveen (4 August 2015). "Explained: Everything you need to know about Nagaland insurgency". The Indian Express. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Sir Muhammad Saleh Akbar Hydari,K.C.I.E., C.S.I., I.C.S" (PDF). Press Information Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 May 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Biographical Data: Akbar Hydari". Archived from the original on 5 January 2003. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  16. ^ India Who's Who 1984. INFA Publications. p. 142a. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  17. ^ "When the postman knocked…". The Hindu. 6 November 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  18. ^ Ahmed, Syed (18 November 2011). "Kangla Fort holds the historic graveyard of Akbar Hydari". Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
Government offices
Preceded by
Henry Foley Knight, acting
Governor of Assam
Succeeded by
Ronald Francis Lodge, acting