Muhammad Saleh Kamboh
|Mulla Muhammad Saleh Kamboh |
ملا محمد صالح کمبوہ
Lahore, Mughal Empire, now Pakistan
|Education||Fluent in Arabic, Persian, Urdu|
Muhammad Saleh Kamboh (Urdu: ملا محمد صالح کمبوہ) Lahori was a noted calligraphist and official biographer of Emperor Shah Jahan and the teacher of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. Though a widely read person, little is known of the life of Muhammad Saleh Kamboh other than the works he composed. He was son of Mir Abdu-lla, Mushkin Kalam, whose title shows him to also have been a fine writer. He is believed to be younger brother of Inayat-Allah Kamboh (Urdu: عنایت خان کمبوہ) and worked as a Shahi Dewan (Minister) with the governor of Lahore.
As a historian and a poet
Muhammad Saleh is best remembered for his work Amal-i Salih, also referred to as Shah Jahan Namah (The History of Shah Jahan), which he completed in 1659–60 AD. Amal-i-Salih is an account of the life and reign of Shah Jahan. However, the work also includes information on Shah Jahan's predecessors (particularly Akbar and Jahangir) and a compendium of biographies of the Shaikhs, poets, and other notables who were contemporaries with Shah Jahan. It is considered to be one of the most important original sources of events during Shah Jahan's reign.
As a soldier
It is claimed by some accounts that Muhammad Saleh Kamboh served as a Mughal Admiral and unfortunately was killed while fighting alongside his fleet against the Ahoms at Pandu on Bengal-Assam border while helping General Abdus Salam, the Faujdar (infantry commander) of Hajo, during the tenure of Islam Khan Mashadi, the Mughal Governor of Bengal. The event referred to above is said to date 1636 AD, which is incorrect, since Muhammadd Saleh was very much alive and is known to have completed his Amal-i Salih in 1659/60 AD soon after Aurangzeb (Reign 1658 AD-1707 AD) became the emperor of India in 1658 AD. According to Naimur Rehman Farooqi, the work was completed in 1669 AD.
It is also stated that when Shaikh Makhdum was appointed imperial "Sadr-us-Sadur" (Chief Sadr, Chief Administrator or Prime Minister) after death of Sadr Sharif Khan during the reign of Aurangzeb, Muhammad Salih Kamboh was appointed Peshdast (deputy).
The date of Muhammad Saleh's death is not certain. S. M. Latif states on unspecified authority in his works that Muhammad Saleh Kamboh died in A. H. 1085 (1675 AD)  which is accepted by some writers.
A mosque known as Saleh Kamboh Mosque has been built with his name in Mochi Gate, Walled City of Lahore. He is buried in Lahore, though his grave location is currently disputed by the owners of the property.
- Kamboj in Muslim and British Era
- Mochi Gate
- Mughal Empire
- Shah Jahan
- Walled City of Lahore
- Shaikh Inayat Allah Kamboh
- Hamdard Islamicus, 1978, p 75, Hamdard National Foundation, Pakistan – Islam.
- The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians, 1877, p 123, Henry Miers Elliot, John Dowson; Shah Jahan, 1975, p 131, Henry Miers Elliot – Mogul Empire; A Descriptive Catalogue of the Historical Manuscripts in the Arabic and Persian Languages, 2008, p. 124, William Hook Morley – History.
- Shah Jahan, 1975, p 131, Henry Miers Elliot – Mogul Empire.
- Persian literature in India during the time of Jahangir and Shah Jahan, 1970, p 171, M. Lutfur Rahman, Persian literature India History and criticism; A Descriptive Catalogue of the Historical Manuscripts in the Arabic and Persian Languages, 2008, p 124, William Hook Morley – History.
- The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians, 1877, p 123, Henry Miers Elliot, John Dowson; Shah Jahan, 1975, p 131, Henry Miers Elliot – Mogul Empire.
- A Descriptive Catalogue of the Historical Manuscripts in the Arabic and Persian Languages, 2008, p 124, William Hook Morley – History.
- Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, 1963, p 349, Pakistan Historical Society; Encyclopaedia of Bangladesh, p 169/170, Nagendra K. Singh; A History of Assam, 1906, pp 110–111, Edward Albert Gait.
- Mughal-Ottoman Relations: A Study of Political and Diplomatic Relations Between Mughal India and the Ottoman Empire, 1556–1748, 1986, p 208, Naimur Rahman Farooqi.
- Maāsir-i-ʻālamgiri: A History of the Emperor Aurangzib-ʻĀlamgir (reign 1658–1707 A.D.) of Saqi Mustʻad Khan By Muḥammad Sāqī Mustaʻidd Khān, Jadunath Sarkar, 1981, p 138, Muḥammad Sāqī Mustaʻidd Khān, Jadunath Sarkar – Mogul Empire; Bibliotheca Indica, 1947, p 138, Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India), Asiatic Society of Bengal, India Asiatic Society (Calcutta – Indic literature.
- The Shah Jahan Nama of 'Inayat Khan: An Abridged History of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, Compiled by His Royal Librarian : the Nineteenth-century Manuscript Translation of A.R. Fuller (British Library, Add. 30,777), 1990, p xxviii, Inayat Khan, Wayne Edison Begley, Z. A. Desai, Ziyaud-Din A. Desai.
- Lahore, its history etc., 1992, S. M. Latif; Quoted in: Islamic Culture, 1941, p 74, Islamic Culture Board.
- Islamic Culture, 1941, p 74, Islamic Culture Board.
- "Muhammad Saleh Kamboh's Mosque". https://www.ualberta.ca/~rnoor/. External link in
- "Muhammad Saleh Kamboh's Tomb". https://www.ualberta.ca/~rnoor/. External link in
- Jadunath Sarkar Translation, Maāsir-i-ʻĀlamgiri : a history of the emperor Aurangzib-ʻl̀amgir (reign 1658-1707 A.D.) by Muḥammad Sāqī Mustaʻidd Khān