Muhammad Shams-ul-Haq Azimabadi
Patna, Bihar, India
|Died||March 21, 1911|
Abu-al-Tayyab Muhammad Shams-al-Haq bin Shaikh Ameer ‘Ali bin Shaikh Maqsood ‘Ali bin Shaikh Ghulam Haidar bin Shaikh Hedayetullah bin Shaikh Muhammad Zahid bin Shaikh Noor Muhammad bin Shaikh ‘Ala’uddin, also known as Shams-ul-haq Azeemabadi, was a prominent scholar of Hadith, or the Muslim prophetic tradition, from India. He is best known for writing the main commentary upon Sunan Abi Dawud, considered one of the six books of the Sunni Muslim canon.
In 1894 he traveled to Mecca and Medina to perform the Hajj, and while there, he also had a chance to meet a number of notable scholars. Among the most important contributions of Azimabadi was the popularization and distribution of hadith and its literature.
Azimabadi had a very extensive library of Islamic manuscripts, which was considered to be among the best in India. He is the author of many books, but his most well known are the commentaries of Sunan Abi Dawood, which is called Ghayat ul-Maqsood in 32 volumes and Awn ul-Ma'bood in 14 volumes. Azimabadi was also known for his views on the qualifications for a Mujaddid, or redeemer, in Islam; by his reckoning, Al-Suyuti and Murtaḍá al-Zabīdī were two prominent redeemers.
In 1910–11 the entire country was in the grip of an epidemic of plague. In Bihar, Azimabadi’s district, Patna was severely hit by this disease. After visiting the city of Dianwan on March 15 he had himself an attack of plague and after six days, on March 21, 1911 he died at the age of 53.
- Awn al mabud: a commentary on Abu al-Tayyib Muhammad Shams al-haqq al-azim Abadi's interpretation of Sunan Abi Dawud. 3rd ed. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1979.
- Azyumardi Azra, The Origins of Islamic Reformism in Southeast Asia, pg. 18. Part of the ASAA Southeast Asia Publications Series. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2004. ISBN 9780824828486
- Ze'ev Maghen, After Hardship Cometh Ease: The Jews as Backdrop for Muslim Moderation, pg. 51. Volume 17 of Studien zur Geschichte und Kultur des islamischen Orients. Neue Folge. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2006. ISBN 9783110910476