Muhammad Taqi Usmani

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Muhammad Taqi Usmani
Mufti Taqi Usmani.jpg
Taqi Usmani
TitleMufti, Qadi, Imam and Sheikh-ul-Islam
Born (1943-10-05) 5 October 1943 (age 77)
Nationality Pakistani
Era21st-century philosophy
DenominationSunni Islam
Main interest(s)Quran, Arabic, Shari'a, Hadith, Fiqh, Tafsir, Sufism, Islamic finance, Kalam
Notable idea(s)Evolution of Islamic economics, Islamic banking, Meezan Bank, The Hadith Encyclopedia, The Jurisprudence of Trade
Alma materDarul Uloom Karachi
Karachi University
Punjab University
RelationsMuhammad Shafi Deobandi (father)
Rafi Usmani (brother)
Imran Ashraf Usmani (son)[1]
Zubair Ashraf Usmani (nephew)[2][3]
SignatureMuhammad Taqi Usmani Signature.svg
Muslim leader
AwardsSitara-i-Imtiaz (Star of Excellence) by the President of Pakistan in 2019

Muhammad Taqi Usmani (Urdu: مفتی محمد تقی عثمانیMuḥammad Taqī ‘Us̱mānī; born 3 October 1943) is a Pakistani Islamic scholar and former judge who is Vice President and Shaykh al-Hadith at Darul Uloom Karachi. An intellectual leader of the Deobandi movement, he has authored more than 80 books (many multi-volumes) in Urdu, Arabic and English, including a translation of the Qur'an in both English and Urdu as well a 6-volume commentary on the Sahih Muslim in Arabic,[5] having written and lectured extensively on hadith, and Islamic finance. He chairs the Shariah Board of the Bahrain-based Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI). He is also a permanent member of the Jeddah-based International Islamic Fiqh Academy, an organ of the OIC.

In Pakistan, Usmani served as a scholar judge on the Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court from 1982 to 2002, and on the Federal Shariat Court from 1981 to 1982. From 1977 to 1981 he was a member of Zia's Council of Islamic Ideology and was involved in drafting the Hudood Ordinances.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Muhammad Taqi Usmani was born on 5 Shawwal 1362 AH (3 October 1943) in the city of Deoband in Saharanpur district, United Provinces, British India. He was the fifth and youngest son of Mufti Muhammad Shafi (1897–1976). With his full nasab (patronymic), he is Muhammad Taqi ibn Mufti Muhammad Shafi ibn Shaikh Muhammad Yasin ibn Khalifah Tahsin Ali ibn Miyanji Imam Ali ibn Miyanji Hafiz Karim Allah ibn Miyanji Khair Allah ibn Miyanji Shukr Allah. The forefathers of Miyanji Shukr Allah are unknown, but the family claims descent from Uthman, the third caliph and a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, hence the nisbat "Usmani".[6][7]

Usmani was born to several generations of educators. The title "Miyanji" applied to several of his ancestors indicates that they were teachers. His grandfather Muhammad Yasin (1865/66 – 1936) taught Farsi at Darul Uloom Deoband. Born the year before the madrasah's founding, he had been one of its first students and studied with some of its early teachers including Muhammad Yaqub Nanautawi, Sayyid Ahmad Dihlawi, Mulla Mahmud Deobandi, and Mahmud al-Hasan Deobandi. Usmani's father Muhammad Shafi was also a product of the Deoband seminary. He taught there for several decades and held the post of chief mufti.[6]

In 1948, when Usmani was four years old, his father immigrated the family from Deoband to Karachi, Pakistan. Since there was not a madrasah nearby, Usmani's primary education began at home under his parents. He was later enrolled in Darul Uloom Karachi after Mufti Shafi founded the school in 1950. After completing his primary education, he began his formal religious training in the Dars-i Nizami curriculum in 1953. He passed the Fazil-i Arabi (Punjab Board) with distinction in 1958, and received his Alimiyyah degree with distinction from Darul Uloom Karachi in 1959. He then obtained his Takhassus (specialization) degree in fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) and ifta (fatwa issuance) from Darul Uloom Karachi in 1961, earning the title of "Mufti". Usmani continued his education at the University of Karachi, obtaining a Bachelor of Arts in economics and politics in 1964, then a Bachelor of Laws with second-class honours in 1967. In 1970 he obtained a Master of Arts with first-class honours in Arabic language and literature from the University of Punjab.[6][7][8][9][10]


Usmani received teaching licenses to teach hadith from Islamic scholars including Muhammad Shafi, Muhammad Idris Kandhlawi, Qari Muhammad Tayyib, Saleemullah Khan, Rashid Ahmed Ludhianvi, Sahban Mahmud, Zafar Ahmad Usmani, Muhammad Zakariya Kandhalvi, Hasan al-Mahshat, Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah, Abi Al-Faid Muhammad Yasin Al-Fadani Ash-Shafi'i, and others.[10]

Islamic Economics[edit]

Usmani pioneered the concept of Islamic banking in Pakistan when he established the Meezan Bank.[citation needed] Usmani has authored books in Arabic, Urdu, and English on Islamic topics in addition to articles on Islamic banking and finance published in journals and magazines.[citation needed]

According to The Muslim 500: "Usmani's chief influence comes from his position as a global authority on the issue of Islamic finance."[5]

Awards and honors[edit]


He currently teaches Sahih al-Bukhari, fiqh, and Islamic economics at Darul Uloom Karachi and is known for his Islahi Khutbat. He was a key member of a team of scholars which helped declare Ahmadis non-Muslims by Pakistan's National Assembly during the era of former Pakistani president, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, in the 1970s. During the presidency of General Zia ul Haq, he was instrumental in drafting laws pertaining to Hudood, Qisas meaning retaliation in kind or (eye for an eye, and Diyya (blood money).[5]

Personal Views[edit]

Usmani strongly opposes elements of explicit modernity, which he describes as engulfing

the whole world in the tornado of nudity and obscenity, and has provided an excuse for fornication, and more so it has led under thunder claps to the passage of a bill in the British House of Commons to legalize homosexuality. It is in the shadow of the same modernity that Western women are openly displaying banners on the streets demanding legalization of abortion[18]

At a religious conference in 1984, he urged a more "dynamic attitude" towards the practice of ijtihad, arguing there is no shortage of fine minds capable of interpreting the sharia, but warning against the contamination of sharia by Western ideas such as the elimination of hudud penalties such as amputation and stoning.[19][20]

Current positions held[edit]

Current Positions Held by Muhammad Taqi Usmani
Position Organisation Location From
Vice President and Shaykh al-Hadith Jamia Darululoom Karachi Karachi
Chairman International Shariah Standard Council, Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions[21]
Permanent Member International Islamic Fiqh Academy, Jeddah, organ of the Organisation of Islamic Conference[22][5] Jeddah
Member Islamic Fiqh Academy of Rabita-al-‘Alam-e-Islami Makkah
Chairman Centre for Islamic Economics Pakistan Pakistan 1991
Chairman Shariah Board Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank UAE
Chairman Shariah Board Meezan Bank Limited Karachi
Chairman Shariah Board International Islamic Rating Agency Bahrain
Chairman Shariah Board Pak-Kuwait Takaful Karachi
Chairman Shariah Board Arif Habib Investments – Pakistan International Islamic Fund Karachi
Member Shariah Board Arcapita Investment Fund Bahrain
Member Unified Shariah Board Islamic Development Bank Jeddah
Member Shariah Board Shariah Board Guidance Financial Group[23] USA

Positions held[edit]

Positions Held by Taqi Usmani in the Past
Position Organisation From to
Judge Shariat Appellate Bench, Supreme Court of Pakistan 1982 2002
Chairman Centre for Islamic Economics, Pakistan 1991 now
Judge Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan 1980 1982
Member Syndicate University of Karachi 1985 1988
Member Board of Governors, International Islamic University Islamabad 1985 1989
Member International Institute of Islamic Economics 1985 1988
Member Council of Islamic Ideology 1977 1981
Member Board of Trustees International Islamic University, Islamabad 2004 2007
Member Commission for Islamisation of Economy of Pakistan
Member Shariah Board Bank of Khyber, Pehawar
Member Shariah Board Dow Jones Index, New York
Member Shariah Board HSBC Amanah Finance Dubai
Member Shariah Board Swiss Re Takaful, Switzerland
Member Shariah Board Bank Islami
Member Shariah Board Dubai Bank
Member Shariah Board Robert Fleming Oasis Fund, Luxemburg
Member Shariah Board AL Bakarah Group Jeddah
Member Shariah Board ABC Investment Bank




Title Translated title Notes
Takmilat Fatḥ al-mulhim bi-sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Imām Muslim
تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح الامام مسلم
[Supplement to Fath al-mulhim] Six-volume supplement completing Shabbir Ahmad Usmani's unfinished commentary on Sahih Muslim. Written at the behest of Mufti Muhammad Shafi, the work was begun in 1977 and completed in 1994. Published with forewords by Abd al-Fattah Abi Ghuddah, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Muhammad Mukhtar al-Sallami, and Abu al-Hasan Ali al-Nadwi.
  • Karātshī: Maktabat Ma‘ārif al-Qur’ān. 1985. First volume published.
  • Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam, 2006. 6 vols.
Buḥūth fī qaḍāya fiqhīyah mu‘āṣirah
بحوث في قضايا فقهية معاصرة
[Studies in contemporary jurisprudential issues] Collection of scholarly papers.
  • Karātshī: Maktabat Dār al-‘Ulūm, 1415 AH (1994/1995). 11 studies.
  • Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam. 1419 AH (1998).
  • Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam, 1424 AH (2003). Addition of studies 12–13.
  • Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam, 1431 AH (2011). 2 vols. Addition of studies 14–24.
Uṣūl al-iftā’ wa-ādābuhu
أصول الإفتاء وآدابه
[Principles of ifta and its etiquettes]
  • Karātshī: Maktabat Ma‘ārif al-Qur’ān, 2011. 2 vols.
  • Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam, 2014. 2 vols.
Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī
مقالات العثماني
[Writings of Usmani] Collection of articles and scholarly papers. Compiled and edited by Shakir Jakhura.
  • Karātshī: Maktabat Ma‘ārif al-Qur’ān, 2014. 2 vols.
Fiqh al-buyū‘ ‘alá al-madhāhib al-arba‘ah
فقه البيوع على المذاهب الأربعة
[Jurisprudence of sales according to the four madhhabs]
  • Karātshī: Maktabat Maktabat Ma‘ārif al-Qur’ān, 2015. 2 vols.
  • Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam, 2017. 2 vols.

Articles, essays, and scholarly papers[edit]

Year Title Translated title and notes
1962 al-Nahḍah al-‘ilmīyah fī al-diyār al-Hindīyah

النهضة العلمية في الديار الهندية

[Renaissance of Islamic scholarship in India] (Speech)

Dar al-Ulum Karachi, Jumada al-Ula 1382 AH.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

n.d. Mudhakkirah fī ṭabaqāt al-mufassirīn wa-uṣūl al-tafsīr

مذكرة في طبقات المفسرين وأصول التفسير

[Treatise on the strata of Qur'anic exegetes and principles of Qur'anic exegesis]

Written when the author began teaching tafsir at Dar al-Ulum Karachi.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

c. 1970 Mudhakkirah fī mabādi’ ‘ilm al-ḥadīth

مذكرة في مبادئ علم الحديث

[Treatise on the beginnings of the science of hadith]

Written around 1390 AH when the author began teaching Jāmi‘ al-Tirmidhī at Dar al-Ulum Karachi.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1976 Naẓratun ‘ābiratun ḥawl al-ta‘līm al-dīnī fī Bākistān

نظرة عابرة حول التعليم الديني في باكستان

[A cursory examination of religious education in Pakistan]

1st International Conference of King Abdulaziz University on Islamic Education, Mecca, 1976.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1976 Madá al-taṭawwur wa-al-jumūd fī al-qānūn al-Islāmī, wa muqāranatahu bi-al-qawānīn al-waḍa‘īyah al-‘aṣrīyah

مدى التطور والجمود في القانون الإسلامي، ومقارنته بالقوانين الوضعية العصرية في ذلك

[The extent of development and stagnation in Islamic qanun, and a comparison thereof with conventional legal codes]

Islamic Fiqh Conference of Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Dhu al-Qidah 1396 AH.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1979 Ittibā‘ al-sunnah: Miftāḥ al-fawz wa-al-sa‘ādah

إتباع السنة : مفتاح الفوز والسعادة

[Following the sunnah: The key to success and happiness] (Speech)

3rd International Conference on Sirah and Sunnah, Doha, 1979.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

c. 1979 Majālāt al-‘amal al-khayrīyah fī al-‘ālam al-Islāmīyah

مجالات العمل الخيرية في العالم الإسلامية

[Areas of charitable work in the Islamic world]

Plan for the establishment of an international charitable organization, written sometime 1976–1979.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1983 Manhajīyah al-ijtihād fī al-‘asr al-ḥāḍir

منهجية الإجتهاد في العصر الحاضر

[Methodology of ijtihad in the present era]

17th Forum of Islamic Thought, Algeria Ministry of Religious Affairs, Constantine, 19–26 July 1983.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1983 Naẓratun ‘ābiratun ḥawl qānūn al-‘aqūbāt al-Sūdānī

نظرة عابرة حول قانون العقوبات السوداني

[A cursory examination of the Sudanese penal code]

Proposals to modify the 1983 Penal Code of Sudan.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1985 al-Ghazw al-thaqāfī min ṭarīq niẓām al-ta‘līm wa-al-tarbiyah

الغزو الثقافي من طريق نظام التعليم والتربية

[Cultural invasion through the education system]

19th Forum of Islamic Thought, Béjaïa, 8–16 August 1985.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1985 ‘Amalīyat al-aslamah fī Bākistān

عملية الأسلمة في باكستان

[The process of Islamization in Pakistan] (Speech)

19th Forum of Islamic Thought, Béjaïa, 8–16 August 1985.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1985 Ahamm shurūḥ al-ḥadīth al-mu’allafah fī al-Hind wa-Bākistān fi al-qarn al-rābi‘ ‘ashr al-hijrī

أهم شروح الحديث المؤلفة في الهند وباكستان في القرن الرابع عشر الهجري

[The most important hadith commentaries authored in India and Pakistan in the 14th century AH]

Unsubmitted paper intended for the 4th International Conference on Sirah and Sunnah, Cairo, 1985.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1985 Ajwibah ‘an istifsārāt al-Bank al-Islāmī lil-Tanmīyah bi-Jiddah

أجوبة عن استفسارات البنك الإسلامي للتنمية بجدة

[Answers to questions of the Islamic Development Bank of Jeddah]

2nd Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 22–28 December 1985.
Included in Buḥūth.

1985 Istifsārāt ḥawl al-ṭā’ifah al-Qādiyānīyah

إستفسارات حول الطائفة القاديانية

[Questions about the Qadiani sect]

2nd Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 22–28 December 1985.
Request for the IIFA to issue a fatwa on the Ahmadiyya sect. Includes the author's fatwa written in response to questions from the Muslim Judicial Council of Cape Town, South Africa.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1986 Aḥkām awrāq al-nuqūd wa-al-‘umlāt

أحكام أوراق النقود والعملات

[Rulings on paper money and currencies]

3rd Conference of the IIFA, Amman, 11–16 October 1986.
Included in Buḥūth.

1986 Ajwibah ‘an istifsārāt al-Ma‘had al-‘Ālamī lil-Fikr al-Islāmī bi-Wāshinṭan

أجوبة عن استفسارات المعهد العالمي للفكر الإسلامي بواشنطن

[Answers to questions of the International Institute of Islamic Thought in Washington]

3rd Conference of the IIFA, Amman, 11–16 October 1986.
Included in Buḥūth.

1988 Sanadāt al-muqāradah wa-sanadāt al-istithmār

سندات المقارضة وسندات الاستثمار

[Muqaradah bonds and istithmar bonds]

4th Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 6–11 February 1988.
Included in Buḥūth.

1988 Mas’alah taghayyur qīmat al-‘umlah wa-rabṭuhā bi-qā’imat al-as‘ār

مسألة تغير قيمة العملة وربطها بقائمة الأسعار

[The issue of change in currency value and pegging it to a price index]

5th Conference of the IIFA, Kuwait, 10–15 December 1988.
Included in Buḥūth.

1988 Bay‘ al-ḥuqūq al-mujarradah

بيع الحقوق المجردة

[Sale of abstract rights]

5th Conference of the IIFA, Kuwait, 10–15 December 1988.
Included in Buḥūth.

1990 al-Ṭuruq al-mashrū‘ah lil-tamwīl al-‘aqārī

الطرق المشروعة للتمويل العقاري

[The legitimate methods of real estate financing]

6th Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 14–20 March 1990.
Included in Buḥūth.

1990 Zirā‘at ‘uḍw istu’ṣil fī ḥadd aw qiṣāṣ

زراعة عضو استؤصل في حد أو قصاص

[Transplant of an organ removed in hadd or qisas]

6th Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 14–20 March 1990.
Included in Buḥūth.

1990 Ajwibah ‘an istifsārāt al-Bank al-Islāmī lil-Tanmīyah bi-Jiddah

أجوبة عن استفسارات البنك الإسلامي للتنمية بجدة

[Answers to questions of the Islamic Development Bank of Jeddah]

Seminar between the IIFA and IDB, Jeddah, 3–4 December 1990.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1992 al-Radd ‘alá al-mulāḥaẓāt ḥawl Tafsīr Uthmānī

الرد على الملاحظات حول تفسير عثماني

[Response to comments about Tafsir-i Usmani]

Treatise written at the request of Abd Allah Umar Nasif, Secretary General of the MWL.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

1992 Aḥkām al-bay‘ bi-al-taqsīṭ

أحكام البيع بالتقسيط

[Rulings on installment sale]

7th Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 9–14 May 1992.
Included in Buḥūth.

1992 ‘Uqūd al-mustaqbalīyāt fī al-sil‘ fī ḍaw’ al-sharī‘ah al-Islāmīyah

عقود المستقبليات في السلع في ضوء الشريعة الإسلامية

[Commodity futures contracts in light of Islamic law]

7th Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 9–14 May 1992.
Included in Buḥūth.

n.d. Aḥkām al-bay‘ bi-al-ta‘āṭī wa-al-istijrār

أحكام البيع بالتعاطي والاستجرار

[Rulings on ta‘ati sale and istijrar sale]

Paper presented at a seminar of Kuwait Finance House.
Included in Buḥūth.

1993 Qawā‘id wa-masā’il fī ḥawādith al-murūr

قواعد ومسائل في حوادث المرور

[Principles and issues regarding traffic accidents]

8th Conference of the IIFA, Brunei Darussalam, 21–26 June 1993.
Included in Buḥūth.

1995 Aḥkām al-wadā’i‘ al-maṣrifīyah

أحكام الودائع المصرفية

[Rulings on bank deposits]

9th Conference of the IIFA, Abu Dhabi, 1–6 April 1995.
Included in Buḥūth.

1997 Aḥkām al-dhabā’iḥ wa-al-luḥūm al-mustawradah

أحكام الذبائح واللحوم المستوردة

[Rulings on animal slaughter and imported meats]

10th Conference of the IIFA, Jeddah, 28 June – 3 July 1997.
Included in Buḥūth. Published in book form as Aḥkām al-dhabā’iḥ. Karātshī: Maktabat Dār al-‘Ulūm.

1998 Bay‘ al-dayn wa-al-awrāq al-mālīyah wa-badā’ilihā al-shar‘īyah

بيع الدين والاوراق المالية وبدائلها الشرعية

[Sale of debt and securities and their legitimate alternatives]

11th Conference of the IIFA, Bahrain, 14–19 November 1998.
Included in Buḥūth.

2000 ‘Uqūd al-tawrīd wa-al-munāqaṣah

عقود التوريد والمناقصة

[Tawrid and munaqasah contracts]

12th Conference of the IIFA, Riyadh, 23–28 September 2000.
Included in Buḥūth.

n.d. ‘Uqūd al-binā’ wa-al-tashghīl wa-naql al-milkīyah min al-nāḥiyah al-shar‘īyah

عقود البناء والتشغيل ونقل الملكية من الناحية الشرعية

[The legitimacy of build-operate-transfer contracts]

Paper presented at a seminar of the Research and Training Institute of the Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah.
Included in Buḥūth.

2001 al-Majlis al-shar‘ī: Ahdāfahu wa-muhimmātahu

المجلس الشرعي أهدافه ومهماته

[The Shariah council: Aims and functions]

1st Conference of Shariah Boards of Islamic Financial Institutions, Bahrain, 9–10 October 2001.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

n.d. Hay’at al-raqābah al-shar‘īyah wa-mā yujibu ‘alayhā

هيئة الرقابة الشرعية وما يجب عليها

[A Shariah supervisory board and its duties]

Comments on two studies by Dr. Yusuf al-Qaradawi and Dr. Ali Abd Allah.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

n.d. Dawr hay’āt al-raqābah fī al-ḥukūmah al-shar‘īyah

دور هيئات الرقابة في الحكومة الشرعية

[The role of supervisory boards in Shariah governance]

Seminar entitled Shariah Governance for Islamic Financial Institutions, Qatar.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2001 al-Muḍārabah al-mushtarakah fī al-mu’assasāt al-mālīyah al-Islāmīyah

المضاربة المشتركة في المؤسسات المالية الإسلامية

[Mudarabah mushtarakah in Islamic financial institutions]

13th Conference of the IIFA, Kuwait, 22–27 December 2001.
Included in Buḥūth.

2002 Faskh nikāh al-muslimāt min qabl al-marākiz al-Islāmī fī bilād ghayr Islāmī

فسخ النكاح المسلمات من قبل المراكز الإسلامي في بلاد غير إسلامية

[Divorce concluded for Muslim women by Islamic centers in non-Muslim countries]

16th Session of the IFC-MWL, Mecca, January 2002.
Included in Buḥūth.

2002 Aḥkām al-jawā’iz

أحكام الجوائز

[Rulings on promotional prizes]

Al Baraka Symposium on Islamic Economics, Mecca, 2002.
Included in Buḥūth.

2003 Aḥkām al-tawarruq wa-taṭbīqātahu al-maṣrifīyah

أحكام التورق وتطبيقاته المصرفية

[Rulings on tawarruq and its banking applications]

17th Session of the IFC-MWL, Mecca, January 2003.
Included in Buḥūth.

2003 Samāḥat al-aḥkām al-shar‘īyah fī ‘alāqat al-muslimīn bi-ghayrihim

سماحة الأحكام الشرعية في علاقة المسلمين بغيرهم

[Tolerance of legal rulings in the relationship of Muslims with others]

Third Mecca Conference of the MWL entitled International Relations between Islam and Contemporary Civilization, Mecca, 1–3 February 2003.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2005 Ta’ṣīl al-ta’mīn al-takāfulī ‘alá asās al-waqf wa-al-ḥājah al-da‘īyah ilayh

تأصيل التأمين التكافلي على أساس الوقف والحاجة الداعية إليه

[Establishing takaful insurance on the basis of waqf and the need thereof]

Al Baraka Symposium on Islamic Economics, Jeddah, 2005.
Included in Buḥūth.

2006 Uṣūl al-takfīr

أصول التكفير

[Principles of takfir]

Treatise written in response to questions from Prince Ghazi ibn Muhammad and published with The Amman Message in section "Fatwas of the Ulama" .
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2007 al-Ṣukūk wa-taṭbīqātuhā al-mu‘āṣirah

الصكوك وتطبيقاتها المعاصرة

[Sukuk and their contemporary applications]

Paper presented at a meeting of the Shariah Board of the AAOIFI, August 2007.
Included in Buḥūth.

2007 ‘Aqīdat al-waḥdānīyah min khilāl ḥajjat al-wadā‘

عقيدة الوحدانية من خلال حجة الوداع

[The doctrine of oneness through the farewell pilgrimage]

32nd Grand Hajj Symposium, Mecca, 12–15 December 2007.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2007 Īḍāḥ qirār al-Majma‘ al-Fiqhī bi-sha’n al-jam‘ bayn al-maghrib wa-al-‘ishā’ fī manāṭiq yata’akhkhur fīhā ghiyāb al-shafaq
إيضاح قرار المجمع الفقهي بشأن الجمع بين المغرب والعشاء في مناطق يتأخر فيها غياب الشفق
[Clarification of the Fiqh Council's resolution on the combination of Maghrib and Isha in places where the disappearance of twilight is late]

32nd Grand Hajj Symposium, Mecca, 12–15 December 2007.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2009 al-Ijtihād al-jamā‘ī

الإجتهاد الجماعي

[Collective ijtihad]

International Conference on Fatwa and its Regulations, IFC-MWL, Mecca, January 2009.
Included in Buḥūth.

2009 Mīthāq muqtariḥ al-muftīn

ميثاق مقترح المفتين

[Proposed charter for muftis]

International Conference on Fatwa and its Regulations, IFC-MWL, Mecca, January 2009.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2009 Ru’yat al-hilāl: Qubūl al-shahādah bi-ru’yat al-hilāl wa-mawāni‘uhā

رؤية الهلال : قبول الشهادة برؤية الهلال وموانعها

[Sighting the crescent moon: Accepting the testimony of sighting the crescent moon and its impediments]

International Conference on Determination of Lunar Months Between Islamic Legal Scholars and Astronomical Calculations, IFC-MWL, Mecca, 11–13 February 2012.
Originally prepared in 2009. Included in Buḥūth.

2010 al-Maqāṣid al-shar‘īyah

المقاصد الشرعية

[Objectives of Islamic law] (Speech)

32nd Conference of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs, Egypt, February 2010.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2010 al-Talawwuth al-bī’ī wa-asbābahu

التلوث البيئي وأسبابه

[Environmental pollution and its causes] (Speech)

15th General Conference of the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, Jordan, Shawwal 1431 AH (September 2010).
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2011 Ḥuqūq walī al-amr wa-wājibātahu

حقوق ولي الأمر وواجباته

[Rights of the ruler and their duties]

Conference of the MWL entitled The Islamic World: Problems and Solutions, Mecca, 23–25 July 2011.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2012 Ḥaqīqat ḥisāb al-jummal

حقيقة حساب الجمل

[Validity of numerological calculations]

Foreword in Muḥammad al-Ṣādiq al-Marrānī (2012), al-Khilāfah al-qādimah.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2012 Tahaffuẓ ‘alá qirār zakāt al-duyūn al-istithmārīyah

تحفظ على قرار زكوة الديون الإستثمارية

[Reservation to resolution regarding zakat on investment debts]

Reservation to Resolution No. 21/1 adopted by the 21st Session of the IFC-MWL, Mecca, December 2012.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

2013 Khuṭūṭ ‘arīḍah li-dawlat Islāmīyah ḥadīthah

خطوط عريضة لدولة إسلامية حديثة

[Outline for a modern Islamic state]

16th General Conference of the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, Jordan, Shawwal 1434 AH.
Included in Maqālāt al-‘Uthmānī.

As contributor[edit]

Title Description Author Published
Fathul Mulhim Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
I'laa as-Sunan 12/18/20 a collection of all the Hadith that support and is related to the Hanafi jurisprudence. The number of volumes vary due to being published by different publishers. Zafar Ahmad Usmani under the instruction of Ashraf Ali Thanwi)
Al-Mudawwanatu-l-Jaami’ah Lil Ahadeethi-l-Marwiyyati ‘Ani-nn-Nabiyyi-l-Kareem (S) Murawqqawmah Bil Arqaawmi-l-'Aalimiyyah 40/50 Volumes planned, work in progress) - 2017
Muqaddimah 26 Pages 2017
Kitaabu-l-Eemaan 862 Pages 2017

In translation[edit]

Book Title Year Description
Ma Hea An-Nasraniyah? What is Christianity?
Mu'aqqaf Ummat-ul-Islamiyah Minal Qadiyaniyah The View of the Ummah on Qadiyanism/Qadiyanism on Trial
Asbab al-Azmat al-Maaliya wa Ilajuha fi Daw' al-Shariah al-Islamiyah
Al-Tijarah wal Iqtisad al-Muaasir


As author[edit]

Title Description Volumes
Tauzeeh Al-Qur'an/Aasan Tarjuma-e-Qur'an The Urdu Translation of the Holy Qur'an with commentary 3
Uloomu-l-Qur'an An Approach to the Qur'anic Sciences
In'aamu-l-Baari fee Duroosi Saheeh Al-Bukhaari Explanation of famous Hadeeth collection Sahih Al-Bukhari (in progress) 11
Khatm-e-Bukhari Shareef
Dars-e-Tirmidhi Explanation of famous hadith collection Sunan-e-Tirmidhi (in progress) 3
Taqreer-e-Tirmidhi 2
Hudhur (Salla-Allahu alayhi wa Sallam) ney Farmaya Sayings of Prophet Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam)
Aik Hazar Hadeeth with Ashraf Ali Thanwi and Jameel Ahmad Thanwi
Hujjiyat-e-Hadeeth The Authority of Sunnah)
Deen Kya Hai? What is Islam?
Asr-e-Haazir Mein Islam Kaise Naafiz Ho Application of Islam in current times
Namazein Sunnat Ke Mutabiq Parhey Offer Salah according to the Sunnah)
Aap Zakat Kis Tarah Ada Karein? How to Offer Zakah
Ahkam-e-I'tikaf The Rules of I'tikaf
Pur Noor Duain Radiant Prayers) (Collection of Prayers for all occasions)
Aasan Nakiyan Easy Good Deeds[24]
Taqleed Ki Shari'i Hasiyat The Legal Status of Following a Madhab
Deeni Madaris ka Nisab wa Nitham
Zabet-e-weladat Birth Control: Islamic rulings
Maghribi Mumalik Kay Jadeed Fiqhi Masa'il Aur Un Ka Hal
Mahe Rawjabb Chand Galat Fehmiyon Ka Azala
Taraashay Excerpts from Islamic works
Akabir 'Ulama-e-Deoband Kya Thay? The Scholars of Deoband Islamic Seminary
Irshadat-e-Akabir - Ifadaat
Nuqoosh-e-Raftigan Obituaries of Islamic Scholars and other dignitaries
Meray Walid Meray Sheikh My Father, My Shaikh
Ma'asir Hazrat Arifi Sayings and memories of Dr Adbul Hai Arifi
Hakeemul Ummat Kay Siasi Afkar The Political Thoughts of Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi
Islam aur Seasate Hazra Islam and Contemporary Politics
Islam Aur Siyasi Nazriyat
Andulus Mei Chand Roz (Travelogue) A Few Days in Andalusia, Spain[24]
Dunya Meray Aagay
Jahaney Deda
Safar Dar Safar
Hadhrat Ameer Mu'awiyah (Radi-Allahu 'anhu) aur Tareekhi Haqa`iq (Hadhrat Mu'awiyah (Radi-Allahu 'anhu) A book pointing out the errors in Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi's book "Khilaafat wa Mulookiyat" and their correct answers.
Qadiyani Fitnah aur Millat-e-Islamiyah Ka Mu'aqqaf (with Samiul-Haqq) [Mu'aqqaf Ummat-ul-Islamiyah Minal Qadiyaniyah The View of the Ummah on Qadiyanism/Qadiyanism on Trial
Bible Se Qur'an Tak
Bible Kya Hai?
Eesayat Kya Hai?
Islam Mein Khula Ki Haqeeqat
Islam Mein Pooray Dakhil Ho Jao
Islami Bankari Ki Buyadayn
Islami Bankari
Jalsay O Jaloos
Jhoot Aur Uski Murawwaja Sooratayn
Allah Keliye Jeena Marna
Andhera Ho Raha Hai Bijli Ki Roshni Mein
Aulad Ki Islah-o-Tarbiyat Waldain Ki Zimmadari Hai
Azadi-e-Niswan ka Faraib
Bidat - Aik Ghumrahi
Bismillah Ki Ahmiyat
Daulat-e-Qur'an Ki Qadr-o-Azmat
Dunya K Uss Paar (Beyond this World)
Dunya Say Dil Na Lagao
Durood Shareef Aik Ehm 'Ibadat Hai
Falsafa-e-Hajj O Qurbani
Ghair Soodi Bankari
Gunahgar Say Nafrat Mat Kijiyay
Haqooqu-l-'Ibadd Aur Mu'amalat
Harawm Ashiya Se Ilaj Ka Hukm
Hasad - Aik Muhlik Bemari
Hudood - Aik Ilmi Jaiza The Case of the Hudood Ordinances)
Ilm Par A'mal Karein
Islam aur Jidat Pasandi Islam and Modernism
Islah-e-Ma'ashara Perfecting society
Islahi Mawa’iz Discourses for spiritual perfection
Islahi Majalis Discourses on Tasawwuf 7
Islahi Khutubat The Discourses on the Islamic Way of Life 23
Islam aur Humaray Zindagi 10
Islam aur Jadeed Mu'ashi Masa'il 8
Fiqhi Maqalat Collection of articles on Islamic Jurisprudence 6
Zikr o Fikr Collection of articles written for Daily newspaper Jang
Idalatay Faislay Court Rulings 2
Nashri Taqreerain Speeches aired on Radio Pakistan
Dastoor-ul 'Amal baeraey Talibeen e Islah Instructions for aspirants of spiritual improvement
Fard Ke Islah Individual Reform
Milkiyat-e-Zamion aur uske Tahdeed Land ownership and its limitation
Nifaz-e-Shariat aur uske Masa'il Establishment of Sharee'ah and its Rulings
Hamaray 'A`eli Masa`il Our Family Issues
Hamara Ta'lemi Nizam Educational System
Hamara Ma'ashi Nizam Economic System
Islam aur Jadeed Ma'eeshat wa Tijarat Islam and Modern Economics & Commerce
Mu'amalaat Saaf Rakhayn Live like Brothers, Deal like Strangers
Mu'asharti Huqooqq O Fara'iz
Nafs Ki Kashmakash
Namoos-e-Risalat Ki Hifazat Kijiyay
Parosion K Huqooq
PLS Account Ki Haqeeqat
Prize Bond Ki Sharee Haseeat
Rahat Kis Tarah Hasil Ho
Ramadan Kis Tarah Guzaarein
Rizqq Ka Sahih Istemaal
Roza Hum Say Kia Mutalba Kerta Hai
Sahafat (Article)
Seerat-un-Nabee (S) Aur Hamari Zindagi
Sood Per Tareekhi Faisla The Historic Judgement on Usury-Interest
Soodi Nizam Ki Kharabiyan Aur Uss Ka Mutabadil
Taqdeer Per Raazi Rehna Chahiye
Tawakkul K Ahmiyat
Tawakkul Ki Haqeeqat
Waldain Ki Khidmat - Jannat Ka Zariya
Musalmano ki Ta'leemi Policy Tareekh Kay Aiinay Main
Fatawa-Taaruf-Usul o Adab
Khutbat Uthmani 5
Khutbat Daura-e-Hind
Dars-e-Nizami Ki Kitabain Kaisay Pahein aur Parhaayein
Shab-e-Baraat Ki Haqeeqat
Allaah Ta'Alaa K Muhabbat Mein Tarpaa Dene Waali Bayaan with Shaah Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar
Swirawti-Mustaqeem with his elders
Aao Rawmadaawn ko Qimtee Banaayein with his elders
A'maal o Wazaa'if with his elders
Rooh Ki Bimariyaan aur unka Ilaaj not to be confused with the book written by Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar]
Yaadein Autobiography being written at the repeated request of Mufti Ahmad Khanpuri) (in progress)

As contributor[edit]

Title Author Description Volume
Ashraf-ut-Tafaseer The collection of all the sermons related to Tafseer of the Qur'an from the Mawa'iz-e-Ashrafiyah of Ashraf Ali Thanwi) 3/4
Ahkam Al-Qur'an Zafar Ahmad Usmani - (from Al-Baqarah to An-Nisa),

Jameel Ahmad Thanawi - (from Yoonus to An-Nahl),

Muhammad Shafi - (from Ash-Shu'ara to Al-Hujurat),

Muhammad Idris Kandhlawi - (from Qawf to An-Naas) under the instruction of Ashraf Ali Thanwi) - a collection of the Laws of the Shari‘ah derived from the Qur'an.

Two of its sections are unfinished: (from the start of Surah Ma’idah to the end of Surah Tawbah and from Surah Bani Isra’il to the end of Surah Furqan.

Adyaan-e-Baatilah o Sweerat Al-Mustaqeem The book is written by Mufti Muhammad Naeem but some of the Fatawa of the Usmani was used in the book and he also wrote a recommendation for the book to be read by the common people as well as the scholars). The books lists all the current deviated sects that are currently in existence. 1
Bible se Quran Tak Rahmatullah Kairanwi Written originally in Arabic by Rahmatullah Kairanwi as Izhar ul-Haqq, translated to Urdu by Akbar Ali and annotated by Taqi Usmani.[25] 3


As author[edit]

  • The Authority of Sunnah. Karachi: Idaratul Quran, 1990.
  • Islamic Months: Merits and Precepts. Karachi: Idaratul Maarif, 1996.
  • The Language of the Friday Khutbah. Karachi: Idaratul Maarif, 1998.
  • An Introduction to Islamic Finance. Karachi: Idaratul Maarif, 1999. Extracts published elsewhere:
    • "The Concept of Musharakah and Its Application as an Islamic Method of Financing." Arab Law Quarterly. 14 (3). 1999.
    • "The Principal of Limited Liability". In Usmani, Muhammad Imran Ashraf. Meezan Bank's Guide to Islamic Banking. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2002.
    • "Musharakah and Mudarabah as Modes of Finance". In Khan, Salar (ed.). Islamic Banking & Finance: Shariah Guidance on Principles and Practices. Kuala Lumpur: Noordeen, 2008.
  • Contemporary Fataawa. Durban: M.S. Omar, 1999. A collection of English fatwas previously published in the monthly al-Balagh International. Compiled and edited by Mahomed Shoaib Omar.
  • The Historic Judgment on Interest Delivered in the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Karachi: Idaratul Maarif, 2000. Section written by Usmani in the judgement delivered by the Shariat Appellate Bench on 23 December 1999.
  • The Meanings of the Noble Qur'an with explanatory notes. Karachi: Maktaba Ma'ariful Quran, 2006. Includes index by Muhammad Yousuf Ghani.
  • "Post Crisis Reforms: Some Points to Ponder". Paper presented at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2010, Davos. Published in book form as Causes and Remedies of the Present Financial Crisis from Islamic Perspective. Karachi: Maktaba Maariful Quran. New edition published as Causes and Remedies of the Recent Financial Crisis from an Islamic Perspective. London: Turath Publishing, 2014.

As contributor[edit]

  • Muhammad Shafi Deobandi. Ma'ariful Qur'an: A Comprehensive Commentary on the Holy Qur'an. Translated by Muhammad Hasan Askari, Muhammad Shameem, Muhammad Wali Raazi Usmani, Muhammad Ishrat Husain, Ahmed Khaleel Azeez. edited, and revised with an Introduction by Muhammad Taqi Usmani. Karachi: Maktaba Darul Uloom, 1995–2004. 8 vols. From Ma‘ārif-ul-Qur’ān (in Urdu). This (and all). About half of the Qur'aanic Aayaats were also translated by the editor.
  • Rahmatullah Kairanawi. Izhar ul-Haqq (The Truth Revealed - A refutation of Reverend Karl Gottlieb Pfander's Meezan-ul-Haqq [The Balance of Truth]), translated by Muhammad Wali Raazi. The Qur'anic verses were translated by Muhammad Taqi 'Usmani along with a few of his footnotes.
  • Mufti Muhammad Naeem. The Deviated Sects and the Straight Path of Islaam - The book is translated by Muhammad Muhammadi (2016) but some of the Fatawa of the Muhammad Taqi 'Usmani was used in the book and he also wrote a recommendation for the book to be read by the common people as well as the scholars).

In translation, as author[edit]

  • The Rules of I'tikaf. Translated by Mahomed Shoaib Omar. 1985. From Aḥkām-i i‘tikāf (in Urdu).
  • What is Christianity? Translated by Mahomed Shoaib Omar. 1987. From ‘Īsā’īyat kyā he? (in Urdu).
  • Our Socio-Economic Order. Translated by Shakir Rizwani. 1990. From Hamārā mu‘āshī niz̤ām (in Urdu).
  • Easy Good Deeds. Translated by Jamil Naqvi. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 1993. From Āsān naikiyāṉ (in Urdu). Other translations:
    • Easy Good Deeds. Translated by Javed Iqbal, takhrij by Muhammad Tayyab and Javed Iqbal, edited by Taqi Usmani and Prince Ghazi ibn Muhammad, with a new foreword by Taqi Usmani. London: Turath Publishing, 2016.
  • Islam and Modernism. Translated by Mohammed Swaleh Siddiqui, revised and edited by Mohammad Wali Raazi. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 1995. From Islām aur jiddat pasandī (in Urdu).
  • "Methods of House Building Financing according to the Shari'ah". In Mahdi, Mahmoud Ahmad (ed.). Islamic Banking Modes for House Building Financing. Jeddah: Islamic Research and Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank. 1995. From "al-Ṭuruq al-mashrū‘ah lil-tamwīl al-‘aqārī" (in Arabic).
  • Live Like Brothers, Deal Like Strangers. Ispingo Beach: Madrasah Taleemuddeen, 1996. From "Mu‘āmalat kī ṣafā’ī aur tanāzu‘āt" (in Urdu). al-Balagh. July 1994.
  • The Legal Status of Following a Madhab. Translated by Mohammad Amin Kholwadia, edited by Muhammad Dhakir Shaikh. Karachi: Zam Zam Publishers, 1998. From Taqlīd kī shar‘ī ḥais̱iyat (in Urdu). Other translations:
    • The Legal Status of Following a Madhab. Translated by Rafiq Abdur Rehman. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2003.
  • Discourses on Islamic Way of Life. From Iṣlāḥī khuṭbāt (in Urdu). Editions:
    • Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 1999. 10 vols. Covers the first 10 volumes of Iṣlāḥī khuṭbāt.
    • Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2008. 6 vols. Covers the first 16 volumes of Iṣlāḥī khuṭbāt.
    • Extracts published separately:
      • A Call to Allah. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Divine Gifts. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • A Guide to Perfection. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • In the Footsteps of the Beloved. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Islam in Today's World. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • An Outlook on Life. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Preserving the Deen. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Resisting the Evils in Society. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Rights and Responsibilities. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Salah: A Unique Meeting. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Self Management. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • Solutions to Domestic Conflicts. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • A Successful Believer. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
      • To Preach and Practice. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2009.
  • An Approach to the Quranic Sciences. Translated by Mohammed Swaleh Siddiqui, revised and edited by Rafiq Abdur Rehman. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2000. From ‘Ulūm-ul-Qur’ān (in Urdu).
  • Sayings of the Prophet. Translated by Rafiq Abdur Rehman. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 2000. From Ḥuẓūr ne farmāyā (in Urdu).
  • Spiritual Discourses. Karachi: Darul Ishaat. 4 vols. From Iṣlāḥī majālis (in Urdu).
  • Radiant Prayers. Translated by Muhammad Shameem. Karachi: Maktaba Ma'ariful Quran, 2004. From Purnūr du‘ā’eṉ (in Urdu).
  • Legal Rulings on Slaughtered Animals. Translated by Abdullah Nana. Karachi: Maktaba Darul Uloom, 2005. From Aḥkām al-dhabā’iḥ (in Arabic). Other translations:
    • The Islamic Laws of Animal Slaughter. Translated by Amir A. Toft. Santa Barbara: White Thread Press, 2006.
  • "The Islamization of Laws in Pakistan: The Case of Hudud Ordinances". The Muslim World. Volume 96, Issue 2. April 2006. From Ḥudūd Ārḍīnans: ek ‘ilmī jā’izah (in Urdu).
  • Amendments in Hudood Laws: The Protection of Women's Rights Bill: an Appraisal. Translated by Shafaq Hashemi. Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies, 2006.
  • "Sukuk and their Contemporary Applications". Translated by Yusuf Talal DeLorenzo. [2007?]. From "al-Ṣukūk wa-taṭbīqātuhā al-mu‘āṣirah" (in Arabic).
  • The Sanctity of Human Life in the Qur'an and Sunnah. Translated by Shakir Jakhura. Karachi: Maktaba Ma'ariful Quran, 2010. From Qatl aur khānah jangī (in Urdu).
  • Beyond the World. Translated by Yaqeen Ul Haq Ahmad Sikander. 2010. From Dunyā ke us pār (in Urdu).
  • The Great Scholars of the Deoband Islamic Seminary. Translated by Abdul Rahim Qidawi, edited by Ibrahim Morrison and Andrew Booso. London: Turath Publishing, 2013. From Akābir-i Deoband kyā the? (in Urdu).
  • Islam and Politics. Translated by Z. Baintner, edited by Muhammad Isa Waley, foreword by Prince Ghazi ibn Muhammad. London: Turath Publishing, 2016. From Islām aur siyāsī nazarīyāt (in Urdu).

In translation, as co-author[edit]

  • Muhammad Taqi Usmani, Sami-ul-Haq. Qadianism on trial: The Case of the Muslim Ummah against Qadianis presented before the National Assembly of Pakistan. Translated by Muhammad Wali Raazi. Karachi: Maktaba Darul Uloom, 1977. From Qādiyānī fitnah aur millat-i Islāmīyah kā mu’aqqaf (in Urdu).
  • Muhammad Shafi, Muhammad Taqi Usmani. The Issue of Interest Including Commercial Interest. Karachi: Darul Ishaat, 1997. In which the second part, "Commercial Interest", is authored by Taqi Usmani. From Mas’alah-yi Sūd (in Urdu).


“Since wealth is the property of God, humanity does not have autonomy in this ownership but through the specific path He has instituted in the Islamic Shari ‘ah.”

“Nothing destroys one’s respect in the hearts of others more than greed.”

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dr. Muhammad Imran Usmani's biography on his official website
  2. ^ Board of Sharia & Experts' profile on The centre for Halal assurance
  3. ^ Sharia Board Members' profile on HabibMetro Sirat
  4. ^ Jocelyne Cesari, Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States, p 23. ISBN 0313336253.("The Pakistani Hanafi scholar and judge Muhammad Taqi al-Deen Usmani...")
  5. ^ a b c d e "Sheikh Taqi Usmani's Profile". Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Ḥakīm, Luqmān (2002) [Composed 1998]. Muḥammad Taqī al-'Uthmānī: al-qāḍī al-faqīh wa-al-dā'iyah al-raḥḥālah محمد تقي العثماني : القاضي الفقيه والداعية الرحالة. ‘Ulamā’ wa-mufakkirūn mu‘āsirūn: lamaḥāt min ḥayātihim wa-ta‘rīf bi-mu’allifātihim علماء ومفكرون معاصرون : لمحات من حياتهم وتعريف بمؤلفاتهم. Dimashq: Dār al-Qalam.
  7. ^ a b "Profile of Justice Maulana Muhammad Taqi Usmani" (PDF). Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Islamic Finance Scholars". 30 June 2014. Archived from the original on 30 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  9. ^ Kettell, Brian (2011) [2008]. Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance. Wiley. p. 28.
  10. ^ a b "Mufti Taqi Usmani". Albalagh. Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Conferment of Pakistan Civil Awards" (PDF) (Press release). Government of Pakistan, Cabinet Secretariat. 14 August 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Islamic Finance Excellence Awards 2017". COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus. Archived from the original on 19 September 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Meezan Bank receives multiple awards at Islamic Finance Forum of South Asia – SriLanka" (Press release). Meezan Bank. 15 August 2016. Archived from the original on 21 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Taqi Usmani, Rodney Wilson share IDB prize". Arab News. Jeddah. 9 May 2014. Archived from the original on 12 July 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d "عن الشيخ". Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  16. ^ "Double first for the top winners at the Islamic Business & Finance Awards 2011" (Press release). Market Buzz. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 21 October 2019.
  17. ^ "أعلى وسام أردني لعمرو خالد" (in Arabic). Alanba. 4 October 2010. Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  18. ^ Taqi Usmani, Muhammad. Islam and Modernism. p. 6. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  19. ^ Kadri, Sadakat (2012). Heaven on Earth: A Journey Through Shari'a Law from the Deserts of Ancient Arabia ... Macmillan. pp. 228–9. ISBN 9780099523277.
  20. ^ Usmani, Taqi. "THE ISLAMIC WAY OF LIFE. Misunderstandings about "Ijtehad" [excerpt taken from Islam and Modernism by Taqi Usmani]". Islamic reality. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Archived Copy".
  22. ^ Brian Kettell, Introduction to Islamic Banking and Finance, p 28. ISBN 047097804X.
  23. ^ "Profile of Mufti Taqi Usmani (Archived Copy)". Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  24. ^ a b Profile of Muhammad Taqi Usmani on website Archived 18 January 2017 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 27 October 2019
  25. ^ Rahmatullah Kairanwi. "Foreword by Muhammad Shafi Deobandi". Bible se Quran Tak (in Urdu) (First, 1996 ed.). Deoband: Hafzi Book Depot. pp. 17–22.

External links[edit]