Muhammad V an-Nasir

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Naceur Bey (Bey of Tunis, Tunisia)

Muhammad V an-Nasir (Arabic: محمد الناصر بن محمد باي‎), commonly known Naceur Bey (La Marsa, 14 July 1855 – La Marsa, 8 July 1922)[1] was the son of Muhammad II ibn al-Husayn and the fifteenth Husainid Bey of Tunis, ruling from 1906 until his death.[2] He was named Divisional General of the Beylical army when he became Bey al-Mahalla (Heir Apparent) on 11 June 1902, and assumed the rank of Marshal when he succeeded Muhammad IV al-Hadi on 11 May 1906.[3]

The reign of Naceur Bey saw increasing tension between the authorities of the French Protectorate and the Tunisian population. Shortly before he succeeded as Bey, the Thala-Kasserine Disturbances broke out[4] and a few years later the discontent escalated to include major incidents such as the Jellaz Affair and the Tunis Tram Boycott. The French managed to secure from him a decree expelling the leaders of the Tunisian national movement, Ali Bach Hamba, Hassan Guelati, Mohamed Nomane and Abdelaziz Thâalbi from the country in March 1912.[5]

Increasingly dissatisfied with the way the authorities were treating the Destour, in April 1922 he threatened to abdicate if France did not meet their demands, including the repeal of French laws on naturalisation. In response, the French Resident General Lucien Saint surrounded the Bey's palace with troops in order to put pressure on him not to do so.[6][7] With his hand forced, he complied with the wishes of the French.[8] Humiliated by this experience, he died on 8 July.[1]

He was buried in the mausoleum of Tourbet el Bey in the medina of Tunis. He was succeeded by his cousin Muhammad VI al-Habib and his oldest son, Moncef Bey became Bey in 1942.

See also[edit]

History of French-era Tunisia

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Akram Ellyas et Benjamin Stora, Les 100 portes du Maghreb : l'Algérie, le Maroc, la Tunisie. Trois voies singulières pour allier islam et modernité, éd. Atelier, Paris, 1999, p. 236
  2. ^ Jean-François Martin, Histoire de la Tunisie contemporaine. De Ferry à Bourguiba. 1881-1956, éd. L'Harmattan, Paris, 2003, p. 255
  3. ^ Mohamed Salah Lejri, L'évolution du mouvement national tunisien : des origines à la Deuxième Guerre mondiale, éd. Maison tunisienne de l'édition, Tunis, 1975, p. 323
  4. ^ http://www.persee.fr/doc/outre_0300-9513_1967_num_54_194_1445 accessed 29/4/2017
  5. ^ 'Colons français et Jeunes-Tunisiens (1882-1912)' retrieved 29/12/2016
  6. ^ Abdelaziz Barrouhi, « À l'écoute de son peuple », Jeune Afrique, 13 août 2006
  7. ^ Kenneth J. Perkins, A History of modern Tunisia, éd. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2004, p. 82
  8. ^ Biographie de Naceur Bey Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine.
Preceded by
Muhammad IV al-Hadi
Bey of Tunis
1906–1922
Succeeded by
Muhammad VI al-Habib