Muhammad XIII, Sultan of Granada

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Muhammad XIII of Granada
Emir of Granada
Reign 1485–1486
Predecessor Abu l-Hasan Ali, Sultan of Granada
Successor Muhammad XII of Granada
Born c. 1444
Alhambra, Granada
Died c. 1494
Full name
Abū 'Abd Allāh Muhammad az-Zaghall -أ
House Nasrid dynasty
Father Abu Nars Saad «Ciriza» - Sultan of Granada
Religion Islam

Abū 'Abd Allāh Muhammad az-Zaghall (the Valiant) (c. 1444 – c. 1494) was the 23rd Nasrid ruler of Granada in Spain. Christians called him Mahoma XIII el Zagal.


Muhammad fought in the Granada War next to his brother Abu l-Hasan Ali, also known as "Muley Hacen". After passing the throne to his nephew Muhammed XII, "el Zagal" ruled over a fractured remnant of the kingdom in its last days.

When Muhammad XII aka Boabdil, the nephew of "el Zagal", surrendered the Alhambra Palace to the Christian rulers, "el Zagal" left for North Africa to gather an army. There he was imprisoned by the ruler of the Kingdom of Fez, Boabdil's friend, who was ordered to blind him.

He presumably died in 1494 in Tlemcen.

Muhammad XIII, Sultan of Granada
Cadet branch of the Banu Khazraj
Born: 1444? Died: 1494?
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abu l-Hasan Ali (Muley Hacén)
Emir of Granada
Succeeded by
Muhammad XII (Boabdil)


External links[edit]