Muhammad al-Maghili

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Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Maghili, commonly known as Muhammad al-Maghili (c.1440 – c.1505) was a Berber 'alim from Tlemcen, the capital of the Kingdom of Tlemcen, now in modern-day Algeria. Al-Maghili was responsible for converting to Islam the ruling classes among Hausa, Fulani, and Tuareg peoples in West Africa.[1]

Maghili led a campaign to expel the city's Jewish community,and was successful. Many of the Jews were indeed expelled from Tlemcen and their synagogue was destroyed.[2] He also served as an adviser for Muhammad Rumfa, Emir of the Hausa city-state Kano, and wrote a treatise on government, On The Obligations of Princes.[3]

Original manuscripts of his work are available from the United Nations World Digital Library.[4]

Biography[edit]

Muhammad al-Maghili was born in Tlemcen c.1440 into a Berber family of the Maghila tribe.[5][6][7] There he spent his childhood learning the rudiments of the Qur'an, which he quickly committed to his memory.[6] He studied under al-Imam Abd al-Rahman al-Tha'alibi (d. 1470/1) and the Qadi of Touat, Abu Zakariya Yahya ibn Yadir ibn 'Atiq al-Tadalsi (d. 1472/3) as well other sholars.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wodaabe People". "University of Iowa ". 
  2. ^ "Jews of a Saharan Oasis: Authored by John Hunwick". Markusweiner.com. Markus Wiener Publishers. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  3. ^ "50 Greatest Africans - Sarki Muhammad Rumfa & Emperor Semamun". When We Ruled. Every Generation Media. Retrieved 2007-05-05. 
  4. ^ http://www.wdl.org/en/item/36/#q=Maghili&qla=en
  5. ^ Holt, P. M.; Holt, Peter Malcolm; Lambton, Ann K. S.; Lewis, Bernard (1977-04-21). The Cambridge History of Islam: Volume 2A, The Indian Sub-Continent, South-East Asia, Africa and the Muslim West. Cambridge University Press. p. 353. ISBN 9780521291378. 
  6. ^ a b c Batran, 'Abd-Al-'Aziz 'Abd-Allah (1973). "A Contribution to the Biography of Shaikh Muhammad Ibn 'Abd-Al-Karim Ibn Muhammad ('Umar-A 'Mar) Al-Maghili, Al-Tilimsani". The Journal of African History. 14 (3): 381–394. doi:10.1017/S0021853700012780. JSTOR 180537. 
  7. ^ a b Hunwick, J.O. (1986). "al- Mag̲h̲īlī". In Bearman, P.; Bianquis, Th.; Bosworth, C.E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W.P. Encyclopaedia of Islam. V (2nd ed.). Brill Publishers. ISBN 9004078193.