Muhammad ibn 'Abdullaah Al-Somali

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Muslim scholar
Muhammad ibn 'Abdullaah as-Sumaalee
Title Shaykh
Born 1910
Died 1999
Ethnicity Somali/Arab
Era 20th century
Region Horn of Africa
Religion Islam
Main interest(s) Islamic philosophy, Islamic jurisprudence

Muhammad ibn 'Abdullaah Al-Somali (Somali: Sheekh Maxamed Soomaali, Arabic: الشيخ محمد الصومالي‎), (b. 1910-1999) was a Somali scholar and teacher in the Masjid Al-Haram in Mecca. He influenced many of the prominent Islamic scholars of today.[1]

Early life[edit]

Al-Somali was born in the Ogaden in the town of Amaadin. The Shaykh remembered seeing as a child the Dervish leader Sayyid Abdullah Hassan, the latter of whom led one the fiercest colonial resistance wars on the continent during the Scramble for Africa. From the time he was seven, Al-Somali sought knowledge and began memorizing the Quran and read it to his teacher. When the Shaykh was old enough to travel and had memorized all that his teachers could teach, he travelled to other lands in search of more knowledge.

At the age of 20, Shaykh Al-Somali began his travel through Ethiopia and studied the book Nadhm Al-'Umarbatee with Shaykh Muhammad Mu'allim Husayn and several other scholars. He stayed in Ethiopia for two years and then decided to go back home. During this journey, he became very sick due to the difference in food between Ethiopia and Somalia. His paternal aunt helped him recover from the illness, and gave him an ox so that he could sell it on the market and travel to his next destination, which was Djibouti.

In Djibouti, Shaykh Al-Somali studied the book Safeenah An-Najaa. However, he did not complete it as he was only in Djibouti for two months, after which time he headed for Yemen. It is said that during this particular boat trip, Shaykh Muhammad became so ill that he swore he would never again travel by sea. He later arrived in the Yemeni city of Zabeed and stayed there for three months. From there, he went on to Sana'a.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Abdullaah Al-Somali". Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2015. [self-published source]