Muhammad bin Ali Rawandi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Muhammad bin Ali Rawandi (Persian: محمدبن علی راوندی‎), was a Persian[1] historian who wrote the Rahat al-sudur wa ayat al-surur during the fall of the Great Seljuk Empire and the subsequent invasion by the Kharwarzmian empire.

Rawandi was from a scholarly family and studied Hanafi fiqh in Hamadhan from 1174 to 1184.[1] As a calligrapher, Rawandi was brought to court to craft a Quran for Toghrul III and gained the sultan's favor. After Toghrul's incarceration, Rawandi gained the patronage of Shihab al-Din al-Kashani, who urged him to write the Rahat al-sudur. Rawandi had intended to dedicate his book to Süleymanshah II, but dedicated it to Kaykhusraw I, following the latter's accession as Sultan of Rum.[2] Later the Rahat al-sudur was translated into Turkish during the reign of Murad II.

Modern era[edit]

In 1921, the Rahat al-sudur was published by Muhammad Iqbal.[3] It was recognized by Iqbal, Edward G. Browne and Mirza Muhammad Qazwini as a source in other texts, namely Jaml al-tawarikh, Rawdat al-safa of Mir Kwand and Tarikh-i guzida of Hamd Allah al-Mustawfi.[3]


  1. ^ a b Hillenbrand, Carole (1995). "Muhammad b. Ali Rawandi". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W. P.; Lecomte, G. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume VIII: Ned–Sam. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 460. ISBN 90-04-09834-8.
  2. ^ Cahen, Claude (1978). "Kaykhusraw". In van Donzel, E.; Lewis, B.; Pellat, Ch.; Bosworth, C. E. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume IV: Iran–Kha. Leiden: E. J. Brill. p. 816.
  3. ^ a b The History of the Seljuq Turks: from the Jāmi al-Tawārīkh : an Ilkhanid Adaptation of the Saljuq nama, Transl. Kenneth Allin Luther, Ed. C.E. Bosworth, (Curzon Press, 2001), 15.