Muhammad ibn Ali al-Idrisi

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Muhammad ibn Ali al-Idrisi
Emir of Asir
Reign 1906–1920
Predecessor Ottoman Empire
Successor Ali ibn Muhammad al-Idrisi
Dynasty Idrisi Dynasty
Father Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Idrisi
Religion Sunni Islam

Sayyid Muhammad ibn Ali al-Idrisi (1876–1920) [Arabic: محمد بن علي الإدريسي‎‎] founded and ruled the Idrisid Emirate of Asir.


He was born at Sabia (now a county of Saudi Arabia).[1] He was a grandson of Sayyid Ahmad ibn Idris al-Fasi, a native of Fez, who was head of a religious fraternity (tariqa) at Mecca and who acquired land at Sabia, settled there and died in 1837. The descendants of Sayyid Ahmed appear to have increased in wealth and influence and to have gradually supplanted the ruling sherifial family of Abu ‛Arish.

Sayyid Muhammad was educated partly at Al-Azhar University and partly by the Senussi at Kufra, and subsequently resided for a time in the Sudan, at Argo Island. On his return to Asir, his one ambition was to render that district independent of the Ottoman Empire. He gradually expanded his political power to include Mikhlaf el Yemen and a large part of the Tihamah, with control over several tribes outside these limits. He threw in his lot with the Allies in World War I, and was the inexorable foe of the Imam of Yemen.


  1. ^ "Sabia (County), Saudi Arabia". Retrieved June 1, 2013. 


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