Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallah

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Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallah or Muhammad al-Imâm was the son of Ali ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Abbas and great-grandson of al-‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, the uncle of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. He was born in Humeima in Jordan,[1] and was the progenitor of the Abbasid dynasty.

Revolt of Mukhtar al-Thaqafi[edit]

When al-Mukhtar announced the revenge of Imam al-Husayn, he showed himself as the representative of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, the Promised Mehdi according to him.

Sixth Imam of Kaysanites[edit]

After the death of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, the imamate of Kaysanites Shia transferred to his son Abu Hashim, who transferred it to Muhammad, paving the way for the Abbasid dawa and the Abbasid Revolution.[2]

His ancestors and the family tree[edit]



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh tribe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Waqida bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ātikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf
 
 
‘Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Hala
 
Muṭṭalib ibn Abd Manaf
 
Hashim
 
Salma bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abū al-ʿĀs
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbdallāh
 
ʿĀminah
 
Hamza
 
Abī Ṭālib
 
Az-Zubayr
 
al-ʿAbbās
 
Abū Lahab
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
 
al-Ḥakam
 
ʿUthmān
 
ʿAffān
 
MUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
 
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
 
 
 
ʿAlī
(Family tree)
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muʿāwiyah I
 
Marwān I
 
 
 
 
 
ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān
 
Ruqayyah
 
Fatimah
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
 
 
ʿAli ibn ʿAbdallāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sufyanids
 
Marwanids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Ḥasan
 
al-Ḥusayn
(Family tree)
 
Abu Hashim
(Imām of al-Mukhtār and Hashimiyya)
 
 
 
Muhammad
"al-Imām"

(Abbasids)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ibrāhim "al-Imām"
 
al-Saffāḥ
 
al-Mansur
 

Succession for the Imāms of Hashimiyya sect[edit]

Muhammad ibn ʿAli ibn ′Abd Allāh
Clan of the Banu Quraish
Born:  ? CE Died:  ? CE
Shia Islam titles
Preceded by
Abu Hashim ′Abd Allāh
ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Fifth Imām of Hashimiyya
Kaysanites Shia
Muhammad "al-Imām"
ibn ʿAli ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn al-′Abbas
Sixth Imām of Hashimiyya
Kaysanites Shia

?–?
Succeeded by
Ibrāhim "al-Imām" ibn Muhammad[3]:80
ibn ʿAli ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn al-′Abbas
Seventh Imām of Hashimiyya Kaysanites

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.discoverislamicart.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;jo;Mon01;15;en
  2. ^ The Abbasid Revolution
  3. ^ Daftary, Farhad (1990). Cambridge University (ed.). The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 80.