Muhammad ibn Aslam Al-Ghafiqi

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Statue of Al-Ghafiqi in Córdoba

Muhammad ibn Aslam Al-Ghafiqi (d. 1165 CE) was a 12th-century Andalusian oculist and author of The Right Guide to Ophthalmology (Al-Murshid fi ’l-Kuhhl).

The book shows that the physicians of the time had a complex understanding of the conditions of the eye and eyelids, which they treated with many different surgical procedures, ointments, and chemical medicines.[1]


  1. ^ "Becker Medical Library - Muslim Medicine". Retrieved 14 June 2011.