Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen

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Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen
محمد بن صالح العثيمين
Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen Islamic Calligraphy.png
Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen Islamic Calligraphy
Personal
BornMarch 9, 1925
DiedJanuary 10, 2001(2001-01-10) (aged 75)
Resting placeMecca, Saudi Arabia
ReligionIslam
Nationality Saudi Arabian
Children7
Era20th century
RegionArabian Peninsula
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceSalafi
CreedAthari
MovementSalafi
Wahhabi[1]
Occupation
InstituteImam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University (professor)[2]
Muslim leader
Influenced
AwardsKing Faisal International Prize (for Service to Islam; February 8, 1994)
Websitebinothaimeen.net

Abu 'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn Muhammad ibn Sulayman ibn Abd Al Rahman Al Uthaymeen Al Tamimi (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن صالح بن محمد بن سليمان بن عبد الرحمن العثيمين التميمي), also known as Uthaymeen (March 9, 1925 – January 10, 2001), was an Islamic scholar in Saudi Arabia.[2] He has been considered to be one of the greatest Faqīh of the modern era.[7]

Shaikh ibn Uthaimin, as he was commonly called, dedicated his entire life to the service of Islam and Muslims by sharing his vast knowledge of the Islamic creed with students and members of the public through regular classes, publications, radio programs, and preaching and counseling activities.[2]

Biography[edit]

Uthaymeen was born on March 9, 1925 in the City of Unayzah, Qaseem Region of Saudi Arabia. He memorized the Quran at his early age. During of his study, he pursued rigorous religious education in Hadith, Tafsir, theology and Arabic language under the tutelage of renowned Saudi Ulama and graduated from the College of Sharia in Riyadh. He was a member of the Saudi Commission of Senior Islamic Scholars, a professor at the College of Shari’a at Imam Mohammad bin Saud Islamic University in Qassim and a member of its Academic Council and treatises dealing with different aspects of the Islamic doctrine. His most important books are his 15-volume book on fiqh and 10-volume book on the interpretation of the Holy Qur’an. He also used to teach at the Holy mosque in Mecca during Ramadan.

Education[edit]

After completing his memorization of the Qur'an and foundational studies, he began his full-time religious studies under Sheikh Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Mutawwa' and Sheikh Ali al-Salihi in Unayzah. These were the two teachers that sheikh 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sa'di had appointed to instruct beginning students.[8] After one year of studying under those two teachers, al-Uthaymeen began studying under sheikh 'Abd al-Rahman al-Sa'di in 1945 and continued to be his student until al-Sa'di's death in 1956. The year 1952, al-Salihi advised al-Uthaymeen to enroll in the newly opened Ma'had al-'Ilmi in Riyadh, which he did after seeking permission from al-Sa'di.[9] While there, he studied under Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqiti, Sheikh 'Abd al-'Aziz bin Baz, and sheikh 'Abd al-Razzaq 'Afeefi, among others.[9] He studied there for two years before returning to Unayzah, where began teaching and continued his studies under al-Sa'di.[9]

Influence[edit]

Al-Uthaymeen is still considered an influential cleric within the Salafist movement. Due to his eclectic approach of quoting from all various schools of law within Sunni Islam[citation needed].

Views[edit]

According to al-Uthaymeen, women should be banned from driving as would lead the free-mixing of men and women at traffic lights, petrol stations, police checkpoints as well as other car-related encounters.[1]

Publications[edit]

  • The Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah: The Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah[10]

Death[edit]

The Shaykh passed away on Wednesday 15 Shawwaal 1421 A.H. / 10 January 2001 C.E. at the age of 74.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arab, The New. "Saudi religious authorities back women driving, contradicting years of strict opposition". alaraby. Archived from the original on 2017-12-12. Retrieved 2017-12-12.
  2. ^ a b c d "King Faisal Prize | Shaikh Mohammad Bin Saleh Al-Uthaimin". Archived from the original on 11 May 2021. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  3. ^ bin Abdulaziz Al-Shibli, Dr. Ali (3 November 2014). "مشايخ الشيخ محمد بن عثيمين - رحمهم الله - وأثرهم في تكوينه" [The Sheikhs of Sheikh Muhammad bin Uthaymeen - may God have mercy on them - and their Impact on his formation]. Alukah.net. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021.
  4. ^ أبو دقة, أحمد (2015-12-28). "اغتيال محمد زهران علوش... وإرباك الثورة". مجلة البيان. Archived from the original on 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  5. ^ أبو دقة, أحمد. "اغتيال محمد زهران علوش… وإرباك الثورة". منتدى العلماء. Archived from the original on 2017-02-02. Retrieved 2017-01-24.
  6. ^ "Assim al-Hakeem – International Open University". Retrieved 2021-08-25.
  7. ^ Caryle Murphy (15 July 2010). "A Kingdom Divided". GlobalPost. Archived from the original on 2014-05-05. Retrieved 6 May 2014. First, there is the void created by the 1999 death of the elder Bin Baz and that of another senior scholar, Muhammad Salih al Uthaymin, two years later. Both were regarded as giants in conservative Salafi Islam and are still revered by its adherents. Since their passing, no one "has emerged with that degree of authority in the Saudi religious establishment," said David Dean Commins, history professor at Dickinson College and author of "The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia."
  8. ^ المري, عصام. الدر الثمين. الإسكندرية: دار البصيرة. pp. 25–29.
  9. ^ a b c المري, عصام. الدر الثمين. الإسكندرية: دار البصيرة. p. 86.
  10. ^ Al-Uthaimeen, Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih (2013). The Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah: The Beautiful Names and Attributes of Allah. Darussalam Publishers. pp. 175 pages.

External links[edit]