Muharraq Island

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Muharraq
Native name: جزيرة المحرق  (Arabic)
Muharraq is located in Bahrain
Muharraq
Muharraq
Location of Muharraq Island in Bahrain
Geography
LocationPersian Gulf
Coordinates26°15′N 50°39′E / 26.25°N 50.65°E / 26.25; 50.65Coordinates: 26°15′N 50°39′E / 26.25°N 50.65°E / 26.25; 50.65
ArchipelagoBahrain
Adjacent bodies of waterPersian Gulf
Total islands1
Major islands
  • Muharraq
Area49.3 km2 (19.0 sq mi)
Length18 km (11.2 mi)
Width5.5 km (3.42 mi)
Coastline50 km (31 mi)
Highest elevation10 m (30 ft)
Highest pointAl Muharraq
Administration
GovernorateMuharraq Governorate
Largest settlementAl Muharraq (pop. 100000)
Demographics
DemonymBahraini
Population200000 [1] (2014)
Pop. density4,056 /km2 (10,505 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsBahraini 62.4%, non-Bahraini 37.6%
Additional information
Time zone
ISO codeBH-14
Official websitewww.bahrain.com

Muharraq Island (Arabic: جزيرة المحرق‎), formerly known as Moharek,[2] is the second largest island in the archipelago of Bahrain after Bahrain Island. It has a distance of 4 km (2.5 mi) east of the capital, Manama, on Bahrain Island.

History[edit]

It is named after Muharraq City, the former capital of Bahrain. The Al Khalifa dynasty settled there in the nineteenth century and resided there until 1923. The island dominated trade, fishing and especially pearls industries in Bahrain. The Pearl center was made a UNESCO world heritage site in 2012.[3] In recent years, north of Muharraq Island have a major reclamation of some artificial islands like Amwaj Islands. The south of the island, at Hidd district, the new Bahrain International Investment Park of the free zone (BIIP) was built.[4] And in the far south, new Khalifa bin Saruman harbor, which opened in 2009.

Demography[edit]

There are several towns and villages located on the Island, including:

Administration[edit]

The island belongs to Muharraq Governorate.

Transportation[edit]

The island has the 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) Bahrain International Airport (IATA: BAH, ICAO: OBBI) that follows the long east–west axis. The island has the 900 metres (3,000 ft) Muharraq Airfield (ICAO code:none) adjacent to Bahrain International Airport. There are three causeways connecting Muharraq Island with Manama on Bahrain Island:

Image gallery[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Wikisource Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), "Bahrein", Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 240.
  • Wikisource Holdich, Thomas Hungerford (1911), "Bahrein Islands", in Chisholm, Hugh, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 (11th ed.), Cambridge University Press, p. 212.