Muhlenbergia

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Muhlenbergia
Muhlenbergia rigens form.jpg
Muhlenbergia rigens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Eragrostideae
Genus: Muhlenbergia
Type species
Muhlenbergia schreberi
Synonyms[3]
  • Dilepyrum Michx.
  • Podosemum Desv.
  • Clomena P.Beauv.
  • Tosagris P.Beauv.
  • Trichochloa P.Beauv.
  • Trichochloa DC. 1813, illegitimate homonym not P.Beauv. 1812
  • Cleomena Roem. & Schult.
  • Anthipsimus Raf.
  • Flexularia Raf.
  • Sericrostis Raf.
  • Epicampes J.Presl
  • Dactylogramma Link
  • Calycodon Nutt.
  • Schedonnardus Steud.
  • Vaseya Thurb.
  • Chaboissaea E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.
  • Crypsinna E.Fourn.
  • Redfieldia Vasey
  • Bealia Scribn.
  • Schaffnerella Nash
  • Spirochloe Lunell

Muhlenbergia is a genus of plants in the grass family.[4][2][5][6]

The genus is named in honor of the German-American amateur botanist Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg (1753-1815).[7] Many of the species are known by the common name muhly. The greatest number are native to the southwestern United States and Mexico, but there are also native species in Canada, Central and South America and in Asia.[7][8][9][10]

Species[edit]

Species in the genus include:[3][11]

Numerous species are now considered better suited to other genera, such as Aegopogon, Apera, Arundinella, Brachyelytrum, Calamagrostis, Chaetopogon, Cinna, Dichelachne, Garnotia, Limnodea, Lycurus, Melinis, Ortachne, Pereilema, Sporobolus, Triniochloa.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Nash in Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 2) 1: 184 (1913)
  2. ^ a b "Muhlenbergia Schreb.". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  3. ^ a b c "Muhlenbergia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von (1789). Genera Plantarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. 1 (8th ed.). p. 44.
  5. ^ Peterson, P. M. (2000). "Systematics of the Muhlenbergiinae (Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae)". In Jacobs, S. W. L.; Everett, J. Grasses: Systematics and Evolution. Melbourne: CSIRO. pp. 195–212. ISBN 9780643090101.
  6. ^ Peterson, P. M.; Romaschenko, K.; Johnson, G. (2010). "A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences". American Journal of Botany. 97 (9): 1532–1554. doi:10.3732/ajb.0900359.
  7. ^ a b Wu, Zhen-lan; Peterson, Paul M. "Muhlenbergia". Flora of China. 22 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  8. ^ Beetle, A.A. (1995). Las Gramíneas de México. 4. México D.F.: Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos, COTECOCA. pp. 1–342.
  9. ^ Bor, N. L. (1960). The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan, excluding Bambuseae. Oxford: Pergamon Press. ASIN B004X2E4EY.
  10. ^ Giraldo-Cañas, D.; Peterson, P. M. (2009). "El género Muhlenbergia (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae: Muhlenbergiinae) en Colombia". Caldasia. 31 (2): 269–302. JSTOR 23641918.
  11. ^ "Muhlenbergia". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  12. ^ "Muhlenbergia capillaris". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  13. ^ "Muhlenbergia sylvatica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2013-01-06.

External links[edit]

Data related to Muhlenbergia at Wikispecies