Muhlenbergia

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Muhlenbergia
Muhlenbergia rigens form.jpg
Muhlenbergia rigens
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Muhlenbergiinae
Genus: Muhlenbergia
Schreb.
Type species
Muhlenbergia schreberi
Synonyms[3]
  • Anthipsimus Raf.
  • Bealia Scribn.
  • Calycodon Nutt.
  • Chaboissaea E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.
  • Cleomena Roem. & Schult.
  • Clomena P.Beauv.
  • Crypsinna E.Fourn.
  • Dactylogramma Link
  • Dilepyrum Michx.
  • Epicampes J.Presl
  • Flexularia Raf.
  • Podosemum Desv.
  • Redfieldia Vasey
  • Schaffnerella Nash
  • Schedonnardus Steud.
  • Sericrostis Raf.
  • Spirochloe Lunell
  • Tosagris P.Beauv.
  • Trichochloa P.Beauv.
  • Trichochloa DC. 1813, illegitimate homonym not P.Beauv. 1812
  • Vaseya Thurb.

Muhlenbergia is a genus of plants in the grass family.[4][2][5][6]

The genus is named in honor of the German-American amateur botanist Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg (1753-1815).[7] Many of the species are known by the common name muhly. The greatest number are native to the southwestern United States and Mexico, but there are also native species in Canada, Central and South America and in Asia.[7][8][9][10]

Species[edit]

Species in the genus include:[3][11]

Numerous species are now considered better suited to other genera, such as Aegopogon, Apera, Arundinella, Brachyelytrum, Calamagrostis, Chaetopogon, Cinna, Dichelachne, Garnotia, Limnodea, Lycurus, Melinis, Ortachne, Pereilema, Sporobolus, Triniochloa.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ lectotype designated by Nash in Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 2) 1: 184 (1913)
  2. ^ a b "Muhlenbergia Schreb.". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  3. ^ a b c "Muhlenbergia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von (1789). Genera Plantarum Eorumque Characteres Naturales Secundum Numerum, Figuram, Situm, & Proportionem Omnium Fructificationis Partium. 1 (8th ed.). p. 44.
  5. ^ Peterson, P. M. (2000). "Systematics of the Muhlenbergiinae (Chloridoideae: Eragrostideae)". In Jacobs, S. W. L.; Everett, J. (eds.). Grasses: Systematics and Evolution. Melbourne: CSIRO. pp. 195–212. ISBN 9780643090101.
  6. ^ Peterson, P. M.; Romaschenko, K.; Johnson, G. (2010). "A phylogeny and classification of the Muhlenbergiinae (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae) based on plastid and nuclear DNA sequences". American Journal of Botany. 97 (9): 1532–1554. doi:10.3732/ajb.0900359. PMID 21616906.
  7. ^ a b Wu, Zhen-lan; Peterson, Paul M. "Muhlenbergia". Flora of China. 22 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  8. ^ Beetle, A.A. (1995). Las Gramíneas de México. 4. México D.F.: Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulícos, COTECOCA. pp. 1–342.
  9. ^ Bor, N. L. (1960). The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan, excluding Bambuseae. Oxford: Pergamon Press. ASIN B004X2E4EY.
  10. ^ Giraldo-Cañas, D.; Peterson, P. M. (2009). "El género Muhlenbergia (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae: Muhlenbergiinae) en Colombia". Caldasia. 31 (2): 269–302. JSTOR 23641918.
  11. ^ "Muhlenbergia". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  12. ^ "Muhlenbergia capillaris". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  13. ^ "Muhlenbergia sylvatica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 2013-01-06.

External links[edit]

Data related to Muhlenbergia at Wikispecies