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Muhoozi Kainerugaba

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Muhoozi Kainerugaba
Born (1974-04-24) 24 April 1974 (age 47)
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Allegiance Uganda
Service/branchUganda People's Defence Force
Years of service1999 – present
RankLieutenant general
Commands heldSpecial Forces Command (2008–2017, 2020–present)
Battles/wars2008–2009 Garamba offensive
Alma materRoyal Military Academy Sandhurst
(Officer Cadet Course)
Egyptian Military Academy
(Company Commander's Course)
(Battalion Commander's Course)
Kalama Armoured Warfare Training School
(Armoured Warfare Course)
US Army Command and General Staff College
(Senior Military Command Course)
South African National Defence College
(Executive National Security Course)
RelationsYoweri Museveni (father)
Janet Museveni (mother)

Muhoozi Kainerugaba (born 24 April 1974)[1] is a Ugandan lieutenant general who serves as the commander of the land forces of the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF)[2] and who was previously the commander of the Special Forces Command (SFC). Both the UPDF and the SFC are accused of using excessive force[3][4][5][6] and abductions;[7][8] Muhoozi and other senior officials are mentioned in an International Court of Justice complaint.[9] In 2017 Muhoozi, the son of president Museveni, was appointed Presidential Adviser, fueling speculations he is being prepared for the presidency.[10][11] He was reappointed as the Commander of the elite Special Forces Command (SFC) in December 2020.[12] Lt. Gen. Muhoozi served in the same position from 2008 to 2017.[13]


Kainerugaba was born on 24 April 1974 in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Yoweri Museveni, who has been President of Uganda since 1986, and Janet Museveni, the Minister of Education and Sports since 6 June 2016.[14] Muhoozi Kainerugaba is their first-born. Raised in a Christian family, Muhoozi became born-again in his early years (secondary school). In 1999, Muhoozi married Charlotte Nankunda Kutesa.[15][16]


As a child, Kainerugaba attended schools in Tanzania, Mount Kenya Academy in Nyeri Kenya and Sweden. After his father became President of Uganda, he attended Kampala Parents School, King's College Budo and St. Mary's College Kisubi. He graduated in 1994.[17]

Muhoozi was admitted to Egyptian Military Academy where he took both the company and battalion commanders courses. He also has attended the Kalama Armoured Warfare Training School.[18] In 2007 he was admitted to a one-year course at the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, graduating in June 2008.[19] Following that, he successfully completed the Executive National Security Programme at the South African National Defence College.[20]


In 1994 Muhoozi initiated cadre development courses for numerous youth, especially at the university. In the same year, he Initiated “Frontline Magazine” together with other young patriots. Muhoozi also actively participated in the formation of “Discussion groups/Cadre cells” in numerous schools, universities and institutions of higher learning, as well as participating in a number of community developmental projects.[citation needed]

In 1995 he began encouraging young people to join the security services and serve their nation. It is claimed this poularised service in Uganda’s security forces.[21]

Military career

In 1999, Muhoozi joined the UPDF at the rank of officer cadet and graduated in 2000 from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, the British Army’s officer training school.

In 2000, Muhoozi was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant and deployed in the Presidential Protection Unit (PPU). He began as Head of Combat Readiness, in the office of the PPU’s intelligence office. Muhoozi held this position until he was promoted to the rank of Captain in late 2001. In 2002, he attended a Company Commander/Battalion Commander’s Course in Egypt.

In 2003 with the re-organization of the PPU into the Presidential Guards Brigade (PGB), Captain Muhoozi was promoted to the rank of Major and became the Commanding Officer (CO) of the fledgling Motorized Infantry Battalion, and a member of the Defence Forces Council.

He saw his first combat action in Soroti later that year. The Motorized Infantry Battalion commanded by Muhoozi played a role in the defeat of the LRA in Soroti.

In 2005 he took command and trained with an infantry company in advanced infantry skills at Kasenyi Training School. That company was later integrated into 1 Commando Battalion. In 2006 he supervised the training and organization of the newly formed 1 Commando Battalion in Barlege, Otuke County, Lira District.

In 2007 deployed with the newly formed 1 Commando Battalion to Bundibugyo to tackle the ADF. 1 Commando Battalion defeated the ADF at the battle of Semiliki National Park in March of 2007.

Later that year he enrolled at the Command and General Staff College in Leavenworth Kansas (USA). In 2008 he graduated from Fort Leavenworth, the US Army Command and General Staff College.

In July 2008 he became the UPDF’s first paratrooper after graduating from the US Army’s Airborne School in Fort Benning, Georgia. That same year Muhoozi was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and appointed Commander of Special Forces in the UPDF. In 2010 he was appointed as the first Commander Special Forces Group (SFG), a highly trained unit of the UPDF that includes airborne troops, commandos and marines. The force is responsible for counter-terrorism, direct action, VIP protection and special reconnaissance.

In 2011 Muhoozi planned and supervised the entry of Special Forces into the UPDF campaign in Somalia, as part of the AMISOM mission. Within a few weeks of the entry of Special Forces into Somalia the UPDF successfully expelled Al Shabaab from Mogadishu. In September 2011 Muhoozi was promoted to Colonel.[22] In early 2012 Col. Muhoozi enrolled at the South African National Defence College for the Executive National Security Program. In August 2012 he was promoted to Brigadier General[23] and appointed Commander Special Forces Command. In 2013 and 2014 Muhoozi was one of the senior UPDF commanders who deployed to South Sudan to support the Government of South Sudan after fighting broke out in Juba between rival factions of the SPLA. The UPDF was able to stabilize the situation in Juba and Bor after defeating a rebel advance on the capital city in January 2014. In 2017 Muhoozi was appointed Senior Presidential Advisor on Special Duties, a position he held until December of 2020.[24][25]

Project Muhoozi

In 2013 general David Sejusa Tinyefuza wrote a letter in which he explained there's a project with the intention of having Muhoozi succeed his father as president. Army officers opposed to it were at risk of being assassinated. Sejusa told the BBC that Uganda was being turned into a "political monarchy" which was denied by Kainerugaba.[26] The letter let to the government most aggressive attack on media. The police laid siege to the Daily Monitor for more than 10 days. Many in Uganda were surprised about the silence of the international community. Tinyefuza spent over a year in exile in Great-Brittan before he returned. He was later arrested for insubordination in 2016. [27][28] The term 'Muhoozi project' is no longer a taboe and even used frequently by Muhoozi fans on social media.[29]

Muhoozi as commander of SFC

The SFC has been criticised for the extrajudicial abductions, tortures, disappearances and killings of political opposition.[30][31] In his role as commander of the SFC, Kainerugaba has been named by the opposition National Unity Platform in a complaint to the ICC.[32]

In 2004 he successfully coordinated and participated in a hostage rescue operation in which three staff in the office of Minister for Water, Lands and Environment, Miria Mutagamba, were taken hostage.[33]

In 2007 he commanded the decisive defeat of the ADF in Bundibugyo, in an operation where 80 enemy forces and the ADF’s third in command were killed in action.[citation needed]

In 2008 he was deployed as Second-In-Command of “Operation Lightening Thunder” in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This successful operation was organized to degrade the combat capacities of the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army in Garamba, deep in the jungles of the DR Congo.[citation needed]

In 2009 he participated in training and commissioning the UPDF’s first paratrooper element. Uganda’s first paratroopers since 1976.[34][35][36]


On 31 December 2020, three days after being re-appointed SFC commander, Muhoozi posted a number of tweets attacking Bobi Wine and considered by many Ugandans to promote tribalism. After many negative reactions he removed the tweets.[37][38][39][40][41][42]

A 17 million USD tender contract to deliver medical oxygen was awarded to Muhoozi's wife Charlotte company Silverbacks, leading to accusations of corruption. During the Covid-19 explosion of June 2021 the oxygen production turned out to be malfunctioning causing many covid-19 patients to die of oxygen shortage. [43][44]

See also


  1. ^ Butagira, Tabu (22 May 2010). "Janet Museveni Opens Up On Love, Family And Politics". The Monitor. Retrieved 20 October 2010. President Museveni writes in his autobiography: "... Janet and I were married in August 1973 and our first child,Muhoozi [Kainerugaba], was born on April 24, 1974..."
  2. ^ "Museveni appoints son Muhoozi as new land forces commander".
  3. ^ "US gravely concerned about reports of abuse". Reuters.
  4. ^ "Zaake sues maj gen Sabiit Muzeyi SFC". PML daily.
  5. ^ "Ugandan special forces accused of ejecting MPs from parliament". Reuters.
  6. ^ "Uganda military sentences soldiers up to three months in jail over journalist assault". Reuters.
  7. ^ "Pulkol attacks spies SFC over abductions". Monitor.
  8. ^ "Where are the missing persons". Monitor.
  9. ^ "Ugandan president son named in ICC complaint over abductions and abuse". The Guardian.
  10. ^ "Uganda's Museveni promotes son to special adviser role". BBC News. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  11. ^ "The Africa Report". Uganda calls for Muhoozi to succeed father.
  12. ^ "Gen Muhoozi Kainerugaba back, Sabiiti out". Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  13. ^ "Museveni reappoints First Son Muhoozi SFC Commander, Gen Loketch named New Deputy IGP". Watchdog Uganda. 16 December 2020. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  14. ^ Uganda State House (6 June 2016). "Museveni's new cabinet list At 6 June 2016" (PDF). Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  15. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "Battle-Hardened: An Insight into Gen. Muhoozi's 20-year Military Career". Trumpet News. 26 April 2019. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  17. ^ Ladu, Ismail Musa (27 September 2010). "Muhoozi: Why I joined the army". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  18. ^ Kato, Joshua (21 April 2006). "mzee always sends me to the most dangerous – Major Muhoozi". The New Vision. Archived from the original on 23 April 2006. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  19. ^ "Leavenworth County Gets International VIP". The Mirror. 13 June 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  20. ^ "Some Facts On Recently Promoted Army Officers". New Vision. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 8 March 2012.
  21. ^ Uganda, Flash (29 December 2020). "Muhoozi Kainerugaba: Biography, Family, and Wife". Flash Uganda Media. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Muhoozi promoted to colonel". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  23. ^ "Muhoozi Promoted to Brigadier :". Uganda Radionetwork. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  24. ^ "Uganda's Museveni promotes son to special adviser role". BBC News. 10 January 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  25. ^ "Why Museveni moved top army, police chiefs". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  26. ^ "Uganda's Muhoozi Kainerugaba denies 'monarchy' plan".
  27. ^ "Uganda calls for Muhoozi to succeed this father president Museveni are growing louder".
  28. ^ "Uganda's succession drama that sent a general into hiding".
  29. ^ "First son reignites Muhoozi project".
  30. ^ "Pulkol attacks spies, SFC over abductions". Daily Monitor. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  31. ^ Taylor, Liam. "They came in plainclothes with guns: 'Abducted' by Uganda's army". Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  32. ^ "Ugandan president's son named in ICC complaint over abductions and abuse". the Guardian. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  33. ^ "Ugandan army ends hostage drama". 8 September 2004. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  34. ^ "SFC Commander, Lt Gen Muhoozi Kainerugaba". Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  35. ^ "Uganda's Muhoozi Kainerugaba denies 'monarchy' plan". BBC News. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  36. ^ "Latest Promotion of Ugandan Leader's Son Sparks Talk of Succession Conspiracy | Voice of America - English". Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  37. ^ "SFC commander Muhoozi fires three tweets". Independent.
  38. ^ "Opinion: Why Muhoozi is 'fighting' Bobi Wine on twitter". Nile Post. 4 January 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  39. ^ Andrew Bagala (1 January 2021). "Uganda: Gen Muhoozi Retreats After Offensive Tweet On Bobi Wine". Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  40. ^ Kakeeto, Moses. "Muhoozi Vs Bobi Wine: What exactly lies at the heart of twitter war? | Newz Post". Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  41. ^ "Robert Kyagulanyi Ssentamu (Bobi Wine) | Profile | Africa Confidential". Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  42. ^ "HENRY K. OTAFIIRE: How Gen Muhoozi Kainerugaba became a sensation overnight with his late night twitter attacks on Bobi Wine". Watchdog Uganda. 5 January 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  43. ^ "Kainerugaba's wife Charlotte on Spot over inflated covid-19 oxygen plants".
  44. ^ "Aid debate time for donors to drop president Museveni".