Muhyiddin Yassin

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This is a Malay name; the name Yassin is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Muhyiddin.
Yang Berhormat Tan Sri Dato' Haji
Muhyiddin Yassin
P.S.M. S.P.M.J. P.N.B.S S.P.M.P. S.M.J. B.S.I P.I.S MP
Deputy President of the United Malays National Organisation
Assumed office
26 March 2009
President Najib Razak
10th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
10 April 2009 – 29 July 2015
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Najib Razak
Succeeded by Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Pagoh
Assumed office
Preceded by Syed Nasir Ismail
Majority 15,610 (1978)
16,383 (1982)
17,599 (1995)
12,850 (1999)
18,747 (2004)
12,581 (2008)
12,842 (2013)
Minister of Education
In office
10 April 2009 – 29 July 2015
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Hishammuddin Hussein
Succeeded by Mahdzir Khalid
13th Menteri Besar of Johor
In office
12 August 1986 – 13 May 1995
Preceded by Abdul Ajib Ahmad
Succeeded by Abdul Ghani Othman
Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
18 March 2008 – 9 April 2009
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded by Rafidah Aziz
Succeeded by Mustapa Mohamed
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry
In office
31 March 2004 – 17 March 2008
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded by Effendi Norwawi
Succeeded by Mustapa Mohamed
Minister of Domestic Trade, Cooperative and Consumerism
In office
6 December 1999 – 31 October 2003
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by Abdul Kadir Sheikh Fadzir
Succeeded by Jamaluddin Jarjis
Minister of Youth and Sports
In office
May 1995 – 10 November 1999
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded by Abdul Ghani Othman
Succeeded by Hishamuddin Hussein
Member of the Johor State Legislative Assembly
for Bukit Serampang
In office
22 April 1982 – 3 August 1986
Majority Unopposed (1986)
7,020 (1990)
Personal details
Born (1947-05-15) 15 May 1947 (age 68)
Muar, Johor, Malayan Union (now Malaysia)
Political party United Malays National OrganisationBarisan Nasional
Spouse(s) Noorainee Abdul Rahman (m. 1972)[1]
Children Fakhri Yassin (age 40)
Nabilah (age 37)
Najwa (age 29)
Farhan Yassin (age 22)
Alma mater University of Malaya
Occupation Politician
Religion Sunni Islam

Tan Sri Dato' Haji Muhyiddin Yassin (born 15 May 1947) is a Malaysian politician and the deputy president of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the main component party of the ruling Barisan Nasional coalition. He was Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and Minister of Education from 2009 to 2015.

Muhyiddin grew up in the state of Johor and joined the state public service after graduating from university. He later took up management positions at various state-owned companies. He joined politics in the 1970s and was elected as Member of Parliament for Pagoh in 1978. During his term as MP, he was appointed Deputy Minister of Federal Territories and later Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry. As Johor UMNO chief, he was Menteri Besar of Johor from 1986 to 1995.

He returned to federal politics in 1995 and was appointed to the Cabinet as Minister of Youth and Sports. He was appointed Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs after the 1999 general election and became a vice-president of UMNO in 2000. Under the premiership of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Muhyiddin served as Minister of Agriculture (2004–2008) and then Minister of International Trade and Industry (2008–2009).

In 2008, he contested and won the UMNO deputy presidency and was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education by Prime Minister Najib Razak in 2009. As Education Minister, Muhyiddin ended the use of English as the medium of instruction for science and mathematics in public schools. He also attracted controversy after describing himself as "Malay first" when challenged by the opposition to pronounce himself as "Malaysian first." During Najib's mid-term Cabinet reshuffle in July 2015, he was dropped from his position, marking the first incumbent to be left out.[2]

Early life[edit]

Muhyiddin was born in Muar, Johor, Malaysia. His father, Muhammad Yassin bin Mohammad, was of Buginese descent. Muhammad Yassin was an Islamic theologian and cleric based in Bandar Maharani, Muar, Johor, while his mother, Hajjah Khadijah Kassim, was Javanese.[3]

Muhyiddin received his primary education at Sekolah Kebangsaan Maharani, Muar, Johor and Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail, Muar, Johor. After that, he received his secondary education at Muar High School, Johor. Subsequently, he attended Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur and received his honour bachelor's degree in Economics and Malay Studies in 1971.

Early career[edit]

After completion of his studies, Muhyiddin joined the Johor state public service as the Assistant Secretary of Training and Scholarship. In 1974, he was appointed as Assistant District Officer (ADO) of Muar, but later decided to join the corporate sector in the Johor State Economic Development Corporation (PKENJ) in managing its subsidiary companies like Sergam Bhd as Managing Director (1974–1977), Equity Mal (Johore) Sdn Bhd as Director (1974–1978), Sri Saujana Bhd as Managing Director (1974–1978) and SGS Ates (M) Sdn Bhd as Human Resource Manager (1974).

Political career[edit]

Muhyiddin's involvement in UMNO began as ordinary member at the Pagoh division in 1971. His leadership was imminent when he was elected as UMNO youth chief in the Pagoh division and the secretary in 1976 and subsequently the youth chief of Johor state UMNO Youth until 1987. In addition, Muhyiddin also occupied the seats of Exco in the national Malaysia UMNO Youth. In 1984, Muhyiddin was elected the UMNO Division Chief of Pagoh replacing Tan Sri Osman Saat. Muhyiddin rose up the ranks and file of Johor UMNO quickly. From a state executive council member, he rose to become Johor UMNO's head and later became Menteri Besar of Johor.

Muhyiddin contested and was elected Member of Parliament for the Pagoh constituency in the 1978 general election and kept the seat until 1982. Muhyiddin was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs; subsequently he was promoted to Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Federal Territories and later the Ministry of Trade and Industry. In the 1986 general election, Muhyiddin switched to contest and won the Johor State Legislative constituency seat of Bukit Serampang, opening the path for him to become the Menteri Besar of Johor on 13 August 1986.

His tenure as Menteri Besar lasted until 6 May 1995. Muhyiddin switched back to contest the Pagoh parliamentary seat in the 1995 general election and served in several different federal government cabinet posts as Minister of Youth and Sports (1995–1999), Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs (1999–2004), Minister of Agriculture (2004–2008) and Minister of International Trade and Industry (2008–2009). He was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister, as well as Minister of Education, by Prime Minister Najib Razak in 2009.

In 1984, Muhyiddin contested a UMNO Supreme Council seat but lost. Muhyiddin was later appointed as the UMNO Johor State Liaison Chairman and next appointed as Supreme Council member. In November 1990 he was a candidate for the UMNO vice-presidency, but lost again. Muhyiddin attempted again in the November 1993 UMNO party election, successfully this time. But he lost the 1996 election when defending the vice-president post. Eventually, in the election in 2000, he again won the post of vice-president of UMNO, remaining in that post until the October 2008 party election, when Muhyiddin successfully sought the higher post of deputy president, which was left vacant as the incumbent, Najib Razak (who was acting party president after the retirement of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi), became UMNO president.

On 28 July 2015, Muhyiddin was dropped out of the cabinet and replaced by Datuk Dr Ahmad Zahid Hamidi as Deputy Prime Minister. [4]

2009 UMNO General Assembly and party election[edit]

Muhyiddin attacked Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's original transition plan as "too long", and some people say that at one point Muhyiddin was about to ask and force Abdullah to quit, though he never did so directly. During the 2008 general election, Muhyiddin managed to keep his seat and remained as an UMNO leader. Shocked by the election results, he called for reforms.

During the 2009 UMNO General Assembly and party election, Muhyiddin was a candidate for the deputy president post which was vacated by the incoming Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak. He was challenged by Mohd Ali Rustam, Malacca Chief Minister, and Muhammad Muhammad Taib, Rural and Regional Development Minister. Muhyiddin, seen as a supporter of Mahathir Mohamad, was seen to be the front-runner for the race, garnering many nominations by the UMNO divisions. But the competition was tough, as Taib and Rustam gained more ground especially from the Badawi camp. The race was tipped by political analysts to be very tight. However, the UMNO supreme council decided to disqualify Ali Rustam's candidacy after his assistants were caught involved with corruption after an investigation. The election resulted in Muhyiddin's election to the post with 1,575 votes to Muhammad Taib's 916.

Deputy Prime Minister[edit]

Muhyiddin was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister on 9 April 2009, when Najib took over from Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and unveiled his first Cabinet.

Continuing as Minister for Education, he announced the decision to return to the teaching of mathematics and science in Malay in all government primary and secondary schools.[5]

Muhyiddin waded into controversy in March 2010 by stating he was "Malay" first rather than "Malaysian first".[6] He also said that there is nothing wrong with other races doing the same; for example, the Chinese could claim themselves to be "Chinese first, Malaysian second" and same for the Indians. On 13 July 2010 he said that anyone was free to form an association, including Chinese or Indian versions of the Malay rights group Perkasa.[7] Prime Minister Najib came to Muyyiddin's defence, denying that his statement was inconsistent with the "1Malaysia" concept promoted by the government.[8]

During Najib's mid-term Cabinet reshuffle on 28 July 2015, he was dropped from his position as Deputy Prime Minister. The dismissal came after Muhyiddin had made public and critical remarks about Najib's handling of a corruption scandal involving the state-owned 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB). Najib stated that Muhyiddin's dismissal, and the contemporaneous dismissals of other Ministers who had been critical of his leadership, was to create a more "unified team".[9]

Election result[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1978 Pagoh, Johor Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) Unknown Unknown Abdul Wahab Abdul Rahman (PAS) Unknown Unknown 26,302 15,610 Unknown
1982 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 19,035 Unknown Sumadi Ahmad (PAS) 2,652 Unknown 22,921 16,383 74.86%
1995 P127 Pagoh, Johor Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 21,856 83.70% Rosdan Taha Abd. Rahman (S46) 4,257 16.30% 27,492 17,599 70.68%
1999 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 20,132 73.35% Alias Shamsir (PKR) 7,282 26.53% 28,327 12,850 71.19%
2004 P143 Pagoh, Johor Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 23,679 82.64% Mohamed Awang (PAS) 4,932 17.21% 29,534 18,747 65.43%
2008 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 21,028 71.22% Mohamad Rozali Jamil (PAS) 8,447 28.61% 30,313 12,581 75.70%
2013 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 26,274 66.01% Mohamad Rozali Jamil (PAS) 13,432 33.75% 40,612 12,842 86.79%
State Legislative Assembly: N005 Bukit Serampang, Johor
Year Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1986 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) None None None None None None Unopposed None
1990 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 9,260 80.52 Omar Lambak (S46) 2,240 19.48 11,911 7,020 76.31


  1. ^ "407 terima anugerah kebesaran Johor". 
  2. ^ He has been dropped out as the Deputy Prime Minister, by the Prime Minister Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak with claims that it was an extremely tough decision.
  3. ^ "Archives". 
  4. ^ "Muhyiddin, 4 others out in Cabinet reshuffle, say sources". 
  5. ^ "Muhyiddin defends PPSMI decision", The Malaysian Insider, 21 July 2009.
  6. ^ Muhyiddin: I'm Malay first on YouTube 31 March 2010
  7. ^ "Muhyiddin: All can form own ‘Perkasa’". 
  8. ^ "PM defends Muhyiddin’s ‘Malay first’ statement", The Star, 2 April 2010.
  9. ^ "1MDB scandal: Malaysia PM Najib Razak sacks deputy, attorney-general as corruption allegations mount". ABC News (Australia). 29 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Najib Tun Razak
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Succeeded by
Ahmad Zahid Hamidi