Muhyiddin Yassin

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Muhyiddin Yassin

محي الدين بن محمد يسٓ
Minister of Home Affairs
Assumed office
21 May 2018
MonarchMuhammad V
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputyMohd Azis Jamman
Preceded byAhmad Zahid Hamidi
10th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
In office
10 April 2009 – 28 July 2015
MonarchSultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
Preceded byNajib Razak
Succeeded byAhmad Zahid Hamidi
Member of the Johor State Legislative Assembly for Gambir
Assumed office
9 May 2018
MonarchSultan Ibrahim Ismail
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byAsojan Muniandy
Majority3,088 (2018)
President of Malaysian United Indigenous Party
Assumed office
7 September 2016
MonarchSultan Muhammad V
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Najib Razak
DeputyMukhriz Mahathir
LeaderMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byPosition Established
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Pagoh
Assumed office
7 June 1995
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Najib Razak
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Mahathir Mohamad
Preceded byAhmad Omar
Majority6,927 (2018)
12,842 (2013)
12,581 (2008)
18,747 (2004)
12,850 (1999)
17,599 (1995)
In office
31 July 1978 – 19 July 1986
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Hussein Onn
Preceded bySyed Nasir Syed Ismail
Succeeded byAhmad Omar
Majority16,383 (1982)
15,610 (1978)
Minister of Education
In office
12 August 2013 – 28 July 2015
MonarchSultan Abdul Halim
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterIdris Jusoh (2nd Minister)
DeputyMary Yap Kain Ching
Kamalanathan Panchanathan
Succeeded byMahdzir Khalid
In office
10 April 2009 – 11 August 2013
MonarchSultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
DeputyWee Ka Siong
Mohd Puad Zarkashi
Preceded byHishammuddin Hussein
Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional
In office
26 March 2009 – 26 February 2016
MonarchSultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
Preceded byNajib Razak
Succeeded byAhmad Zahid Hamidi
Deputy President of the United Malays National Organisation
In office
26 March 2009 – 26 February 2016
MonarchSultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
PresidentNajib Razak
Preceded byNajib Razak
Succeeded byAhmad Zahid Hamidi (Acting)
Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
18 March 2008 – 9 April 2009
MonarchSultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
DeputyLiew Vui Keong
Jacob Dungau Sagan
Preceded byRafidah Aziz
Succeeded byMustapa Mohamed
Ong Ka Chuan
Minister of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry
In office
31 March 2004 – 17 March 2007
MonarchSultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
DeputyMohd Shariff Omar
Mah Siew Keong
Kerk Choo Ting
Preceded byMohd Effendi Norwawi
Succeeded byMustapa Mohamed
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumerism
In office
6 December 1999 – 31 October 2003
MonarchTuanku Syed Sirajuddin
Sultan Salahuddin
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputySubramaniam Sinniah
Preceded byMegat Junid Megat Ayob
Succeeded byMohd Shafie Apdal
Minister of Youth and Sports
In office
4 May 1995 – 10 November 1999
MonarchSultan Salahuddin
Tuanku Ja'afar
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputyLoke Yuen Yow
Preceded byAbdul Ghani Othman
Succeeded byHishamuddin Hussein
13th Menteri Besar of Johor
In office
12 August 1986 – 13 May 1995
MonarchTuanku Ja'afar
Sultan Azlan Shah
Sultan Iskandar
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byAbdul Ajib Ahmad
Succeeded byAbdul Ghani Othman
Member of the Johor State Legislative Assembly
for Bukit Serampang
In office
22 April 1986 – 3 August 1995
MonarchTuanku Ja'afar
Sultan Azlan Shah
Sultan Iskandar
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byZakaria Salleh
Succeeded byAhmad Omar
Majority7,020 (1990)
Unopposed (1986)
Personal details
Mahiaddin bin Md Yassin[1]

(1947-05-15)15 May 1947
(71 years, 277 days)
Muar, Johor, Malayan Union (now Malaysia)
Political partyUMNO (1978-2016)
BERSATU (since 2016)
ChildrenFakhri Yassin (age 43)
Nabilah (age 40)
Najwa (age 32)
Farhan Yassin (age 25)
ResidenceDamansara Heights
Kuala Lumpur
Alma materUniversity of Malaya
Member of Parliament
Member of Legislative Assembly
WebsiteTSMY Official Facebook Page
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Tan Sri Dato' [3](Dr.) Haji Muhyiddin bin Haji Muhammad Yassin (Jawi: محي الدين بن محمد يسٓ) (born 15 May 1947) is a Malaysian politician who is the incumbent Minister of Home Affairs of Malaysia, Member of Parliament for Pagoh, Member of Johor State Legislative Assembly for Gambir, Deputy President of Pakatan Harapan and President of Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia. He was Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from 2009 till 2015, Deputy Chairman of Barisan Nasional and Deputy President of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the main component party of the current Opposition (Federal government then), Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition from 2009 till 2016.

Muhyiddin grew up in the state of Johor and joined the state public service after graduating from University of Malaya. He assumed management positions at various state-owned companies.

In the 1978, he was elected as Member of Parliament for Pagoh. During his term as Member of Parliament, he was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of Federal Territories and later Deputy Minister of Trade and Industry. As Johor UMNO chief, he was Menteri Besar of Johor from 1986 to 1995.

He returned to federal politics in 1995 and was appointed to the Cabinet as Minister of Youth and Sports. He was appointed Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs after the 1999 general election and became a Vice-President of UMNO in 2000. Under the premiership of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Muhyiddin served as Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry (2004–2008) and then Minister of International Trade and Industry (2008–2009).

In 2008, he contested and won the UMNO deputy presidency and was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education by Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak in 2009. As Minister of Education, Muhyiddin ended the use of English as the medium of instruction for science and mathematics in public schools. He also attracted controversy after describing himself as "Malay first" when challenged by the opposition to pronounce himself as "Malaysian first." During Najib's mid-term Cabinet reshuffle in July 2015, he was dropped from his position, marking the first incumbent to be left out;[4] in June 2016 he was sacked from UMNO.[5]

Early life[edit]

Muhyiddin was born in Muar, Johor, Malaysia. His father, Haji Muhammad Yassin bin Muhammad, was a Malay of Buginese descent. Muhammad Yassin was an Islamic theologian and cleric based in Bandar Maharani, Muar, Johor, while his mother, Hajjah Khadijah binti Kassim, was a Malay of Javanese descent.[6]

Muhyiddin received his primary education at Sekolah Kebangsaan Maharani, Muar, Johor and Sekolah Kebangsaan Ismail, Muar, Johor. He received his secondary education at the Muar High School, Johor. Subsequently, he attended University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur and received an Honours bachelor's degree in Economics and Malay Studies in 1971.

Early career[edit]

After the completion of his studies, Muhyiddin joined the Johor state public service as the Assistant Secretary of Training and Scholarship. In 1974, he was appointed the Assistant District Officer (ADO) of Muar. He left the civil service to join the corporate sector in the Johor State Economic Development Corporation (PKENJ), managing its subsidiary companies like Sergam Berhad as Managing Director (1974–1977), Equity Mal (Johore) Sdn Bhd as Director (1974–1978), Sri Saujana Berhad as Managing Director (1974–1978) and SGS Ates (M) Sdn Bhd as Human Resources Manager (1974).

Political career[edit]

Muhyiddin's involvement in politics began when he joined UMNO as ordinary member at the Pagoh division in 1971. He was elected as UMNO Youth Chief of the Pagoh division and the Secretary in 1976. Later he became Youth Chief of Johor state UMNO Youth until 1987.

Muhyiddin occupied the seats of Exco in the national Malaysia UMNO Youth. In 1984, Muhyiddin was elected the UMNO Division Chief of Pagoh replacing Tan Sri Othman Saat. Muhyiddin rose up the ranks and file of Johor UMNO quickly. From being a state executive council member, he rose to become Johor UMNO's head and later became Menteri Besar of Johor.

Muhyiddin contested and was elected Member of Parliament for the Pagoh constituency in the 1978 general election and kept the seat until 1982. Muhyiddin was appointed Parliamentary Secretary in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs; subsequently he was promoted to Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Federal Territories and later the Ministry of Trade and Industry. In the 1986 general election, Muhyiddin contested and won the Johor State Legislative constituency seat of Bukit Serampang, opening the path for him to become the Menteri Besar of Johor on 13 August 1986.

His tenure as Menteri Besar lasted until 6 May 1995.

Muhyiddin returned to contest the Pagoh parliamentary seat in the 1995 General Election.

He served several different federal government cabinet posts as Minister of Youth and Sports (1995–1999), Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs (1999–2004), Minister of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry (2004–2008) and Minister of International Trade and Industry (2008–2009). He was appointed Deputy Prime Minister, and Minister of Education, by Prime Minister, Najib Razak in 2009.

In 1984, Muhyiddin contested a UMNO Supreme Council seat but lost. Muhyiddin was later appointed as the UMNO Johor State Liaison Chairman and next appointed as Supreme Council member. In November 1990 he was a candidate for the UMNO vice-presidency, but lost again. Muhyiddin attempted again in the November 1993 UMNO party election, successfully this time. But he lost the 1996 election when defending the vice-president post. Eventually, in the election in 2000, he again won the post of vice-president of UMNO, remaining in that post until the October 2008 party election, when Muhyiddin successfully sought the higher post of deputy president, which was left vacant as the incumbent, Najib Razak (who was acting party president after the retirement of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi), became UMNO president.

2009 UMNO General Assembly and party election[edit]

Muhyiddin attacked Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's original transition plan as "too long", and some people say that at one point Muhyiddin was about to ask and force Abdullah to quit, though he never did so directly. During the 2008 general election, Muhyiddin managed to keep his seat and remained as an UMNO leader. Shocked by the election results, he called for reforms.

During the 2009 UMNO General Assembly and party election, Muhyiddin was a candidate for the deputy president post which was vacated by the incoming Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak. He was challenged by Mohd Ali Rustam, Malacca Chief Minister, and Muhammad Muhammad Taib, Rural and Regional Development Minister. Muhyiddin, seen as a supporter of Mahathir Mohamad, was seen to be the front-runner for the race, garnering many nominations by the UMNO divisions. But the competition was tough, as Taib and Rustam gained more ground especially from the Badawi camp. The race was tipped by political analysts to be very tight. However, the UMNO supreme council decided to disqualify Ali Rustam's candidacy after his assistants were caught involved with corruption after an investigation. The election resulted in Muhyiddin's election to the post with 1,575 votes to Muhammad Taib's 916.

Deputy Prime Minister[edit]

Muhyiddin was appointed as the Deputy Prime Minister on 9 April 2009, when Najib took over from Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and unveiled his first Cabinet.

Continuing as Minister for Education, he announced the decision to return to the teaching of mathematics and science in Malay in all government primary and secondary schools.[7]

Muhyiddin waded into controversy in March 2010 by stating he was "Malay" first rather than "Malaysian first".[8] He also said that there is nothing wrong with other races doing the same; for example, the Chinese could claim themselves to be "Chinese first, Malaysian second" and same for the Indians. On 13 July 2010 he said that anyone was free to form an association, including Chinese or Indian versions of the Malay rights group Perkasa.[9] Prime Minister Najib came to Muhyiddin's defence, denying that his statement was inconsistent with the "1Malaysia" concept promoted by the government.[10]

During Najib's mid-term Cabinet reshuffle on 28 July 2015, he was dropped from his position as Deputy Prime Minister. The dismissal came after Muhyiddin had made public and critical remarks about Najib's handling of the 1Malaysia Development Berhad scandal. Najib stated that Muhyiddin's dismissal, and the contemporaneous dismissals of other Ministers who had been critical of his leadership, was to create a more "unified team".[11] Muhyiddin remained UMNO deputy president, but after keeping up criticism of UMNO, he was eventually sacked by the party's supreme council in June 2016.[5] Muhyiddin remained unrepentant, maintaining that he had never betrayed the party, and pledging to continue speaking out.[5]

Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia[edit]

Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia Logo.svg In August 2016, Muhyiddin registered a new political party, called Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (PPBM or Bersatu for short) together with former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad. Muhyiddin became the party's president while Mahathir and his son Mukhriz became the chairman and deputy-president respectively. The new party is focused on bumiputeras – Malays and Orang Asli – in the sense that full membership is only open to bumiputeras. Other races can join the party, but cannot vote or contest in party elections.[12]


Election result[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1978 Pagoh Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 17,679 89.52% Abd Wahab Abd Rahman (PAS) 2,069 10.48% 19,748 15,610 75.08%
1982 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 19,035 83.05% Sumadi Ahmad (PAS) 2,652 11.57% 22,921 16,383 74.86%
1995 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 21,856 83.70% Rosdan Taha Abd Rahman (S46) 4,257 16.30% 27,492 17,599 70.68%
1999 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 20,132 73.35% Alias Shamsir (PKR) 7,282 26.53% 28,327 12,850 71.19%
2004 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 23,679 82.64% Mohamed Awang (PAS) 4,932 17.21% 29,534 18,747 65.43%
2008 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 21,028 71.22% Mohamad Rozali Jamil (PAS) 8,447 28.61% 30,313 12,581 75.70%
2013 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 26,274 66.01% Mohamad Rozali Jamil (PAS) 13,432 33.75% 40,612 12,842 86.79%
2018 Muhyiddin Yassin (PPBM) 23,558 55.21% Ismail Mohamed (UMNO) 16,631 38.97% 42,672 6,927 82.83%
Ahmad Nawfal Mahfodz (PAS) 2,483 5.82%
Johor State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1986 Bukit Serampang Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) None None Unopposed None None None None None
1990 Muhyiddin Yassin (UMNO) 9,260 80.52% Omar Lambak (S46) 2,240 19.48% 11,911 7,020 76.31%
2018 Gambir Muhyiddin Yassin (PPBM) 10,280 53.33% M. Asojan Muniyandy (MIC) 7,192 37.31% 19,278 3,088 84.83%
Mahfodz Mohamed (PAS) 1,806 5.63%

Health issues[edit]

In 2018, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin was diagnosed with an early-stage tumour in the pancreas. He spent one month in Mount Elizabeth Hospital, Singapore from July to August 2018, during which he underwent a surgery to extract the tumour.[14] The operation was successful and he has since returned to Malaysia under stable condition.[15][16] He was scheduled for a series of follow-up chemotherapy treatment after Hari Raya Haji, for up to six months.[17] He told reporters at the Parliament that "For cancer cases such as this, it is normal to go through follow-up treatment including chemotherapy for 12 rounds over the duration of six months." [15]

Based on doctors' advise, Muhyiddin has taken a one-month medical leave so that he can focus on the treatment. Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad will take charge of the Ministry of Home Affairs during Muhyiddin’s absence.[18][19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Don't spell my name as Mahiaddin, Muhyiddin tells Election Commission". The Star (Malaysia). 29 April 2018.
  2. ^ "407 terima anugerah kebesaran Johor".
  3. ^ Muhyiddin Arrives In Beijing To Meet China’s Top 500 Captains Of Industries Barisan Nasional Portal, 05 June 2018
  4. ^ He has been dropped out as the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia, by the Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Tun Razak with claims that it was an extremely tough decision.
  5. ^ a b c "UMNO sacks former Malaysian DPM Muhyiddin Yassin and Mukhriz Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Archives". Archived from the original on 11 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Muhyiddin defends PPSMI decision" Archived 25 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine, The Malaysian Insider, 21 July 2009.
  8. ^ Muhyiddin: I'm Malay first on YouTube 31 March 2010
  9. ^ "Muhyiddin: All can form own 'Perkasa'". Archived from the original on 16 July 2010.
  10. ^ "PM defends Muhyiddin’s ‘Malay first’ statement" Archived 20 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine, The Star, 2 April 2010.
  11. ^ "1MDB scandal: Malaysia PM Najib Razak sacks deputy, attorney-general as corruption allegations mount". ABC News (Australia). 29 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Muhyiddin registers Mahathir's new party". Strait Times. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  14. ^ "Muhyiddin returns home after month-long treatment in Singapore - Nation | The Star Online". Retrieved 2018-08-14.
  15. ^ a b "Muhyiddin to start chemo after Hari Raya Haji". Free Malaysia Today. 2018-08-14. Retrieved 2018-08-14.
  16. ^ "Muhyiddin resting well after Thursday's surgery". New Straits Times. 15 July 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  17. ^ "Muhyiddin to resume work next week while undergoing chemo | The Malaysian Insight". Retrieved 2018-08-14.
  18. ^ "Muhyiddin on one-month medical leave". The Edge Markets. 2018-07-12. Retrieved 2018-08-14.
  19. ^ "Muhyiddin: 'I miss attending Cabinet meetings' | Malay Mail". Retrieved 2018-08-14.

External links[edit]

Media related to Muhyiddin Yassin at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Muhyiddin Yassin at Wikiquote