Muhyiddin cabinet

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The Muhyiddin Cabinet
Flag of Malaysia.svg
21st Cabinet of Malaysia
2020–2021
Muhyiddin Yassin (51087589446) (cropped).jpg
Date formed10 March 2020
Date dissolved16 August 2021
People and organisations
Head of stateAl-Sultan Abdullah
Head of governmentMuhyiddin Yassin
Deputy head of governmentIsmail Sabri Yaakob
Total no. of members32 ministers and 38 deputy ministers
Member parties
Status in legislaturePN led Coalition government
113 / 222
(2020–2021)
100 / 220
(2021)
Opposition parties
Opposition leaderAnwar Ibrahim (since 18 May 2020)
History
Legislature term(s)14th Malaysian Parliament
Budget(s)2021
PredecessorSeventh Mahathir cabinet
SuccessorIsmail Sabri cabinet

The Muhyiddin cabinet was formed on 10 March 2020, nine days after Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed as the 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia and dissolved 17 months, 6 days later on 16 August 2021, the day when Muhyiddin submitted his resignations as PM and of this cabinet. This cabinet is also known as the Perikatan Nasional Cabinet (PN-Cabinet) which combined 15 political parties from the Perikatan Nasional (PN) component parties, with Barisan Nasional (BN) component parties, Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS) component parties and United Sabah Party (PBS) as allied partners providing confidence and supply.

History[edit]

Mahathir Mohamad resigned as Prime Minister on 24 February 2020,[1] marking the end of the seventh Mahathir cabinet, where Muhyiddin was Minister of Home Affairs. A combination of factors, including Muhyiddin's decision to pull out his own party (BERSATU) out of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition,[2] the sacking of Mohamed Azmin Ali and Zuraida Kamaruddin from People's Justice Party (PKR) for initiating the "Sheraton Move"[3] and the resignation of nine other Members of Parliament (MPs) aligned to Azmin from PKR,[4] resulted in the ruling coalition losing a simple majority in the Dewan Rakyat, leaving itself hung. However, at the request of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Mahathir stayed on as interim Prime Minister until a new Prime Minister is appointed.

Following the leadership vacuum, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong summoned all MPs to the Istana Negara (National Palace) on 26 and 27 February to gauge their support for a new prime minister. PH initially wanted Mahathir to return, but later named Anwar Ibrahim to the post[5] based on Mahathir's promise to pass the baton to Anwar before retracting the nomination for another time.[6] The proposed return of Mahathir received cross community support from BERSATU, Barisan Nasional (BN), Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN), Sarawak Parties Alliance (GPS) and other political parties represented in the Parliament. However, BN, PAS and GPS opposed the return of Democratic Action Party (DAP) to the governing coalition, the same way Mahathir opposed the return of "kleptocrats and traitors" to the same.

On 28 February, the National Palace stated that none of Prime Minister's candidates, namely Mahathir, Anwar, Muhyiddin or the self-nominated Bung Moktar Radin, obtained a simple majority in the Dewan Rakyat to form a government. Therefore, His Majesty gave another chance to leaders of all political parties represented in the Parliament to propose a new Prime Minister on the following day.

As a result, His Majesty has decided to appoint Muhyiddin as Prime Minister according to Articles 40(2)(a) and 43(2)(a) of the Federal Constitution following His Majesty's belief that Muhyiddin could command the majority of the Dewan Rakyat,[7] Datuk Pengelola Bijaya Diraja (Comptroller of the National Palace) Ahmad Fadil Shamsuddin announced in a palace statement. According to PAS Secretary-General Takiyuddin Hassan, Muhyiddin was supported by 114 MPs representing BERSATU, BN, PAS, GBS and GPS.[8] Sarawak Chief Minister Abang Johari Openg later announced that GPS is not a part of the newly created Perikatan Nasional (National Alliance) coalition but a party that provides confidence and supply to Muhyiddin.

Despite Mahathir's claim that he received support from 114 MPs to return to premiership at the night before Muhyiddin's swearing-in, Muhyiddin was sworn in as the eighth Prime Minister[9] at 10.33 in the morning of 1 March.

On 8 July 2021, the UMNO made an official announcement to withdrew its supports towards the Muhyiddin government,[10] citing the mismanagement of the COVID-19, the misuse of Emergency Declaration, and so on.[11]

Composition[edit]

On 9 March 2020, Muhyiddin announced his Cabinet of 32 ministers and 38 deputy ministers.[12] The Cabinet includes six technocrats who was appointed as Senators on 10 March 2020 before taking office.[13][14] The position of Deputy Prime Minister was kept vacant as "there is no need to appoint one". Instead, the Senior Ministers will deputise for the Prime Minister in his absence should such necessity arise.[15]

Until July 2021, the post of Deputy Prime Minister was left vacant since Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 1 March 2020 until he nominated Ismail Sabri Yaakob for this position on 7 July 2021.[16]

On 16 August 2021, the Muhyiddin cabinet had dissolved after they handed in their resignation to His Majesty the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong.[17]

Ministers[edit]

[18]
  PN (14)   BN (9)   GPS (4)   Independent (2)   PBS (1)

Portfolio Office bearer Party Constituency Took office Left office
Prime Minister Tan Sri Dato' Hj. Muhyiddin Hj. Mohd. Yassin MP PN (BERSATU) Pagoh 1 March 2020 16 August 2021
Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri Yaakob MP BN (UMNO) Bera 7 July 2021
Senior Ministers Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali MP (Financial and Economics) PN (BERSATU) Gombak 10 March 2020
Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri Yaakob MP (Security and Unity) BN (UMNO) Bera 7 July 2021
Dato' Seri Hishammuddin Hussein MP (Security and Unity) Sembrong 7 July 2021 16 August 2021
Dato' Sri Hj. Fadillah Hj. Yusof MP (Infrastructure Development) GPS (PBB) Petra Jaya 10 March 2020
Senator Datuk Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin (Education and Society) PN (BERSATU) Senator
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Dato' Sri Mustapa Mohamed MP (Economy) Jeli
Datuk Seri Mohd. Redzuan Md. Yusof MP (Special Functions) Alor Gajah
Datuk Seri Hj. Takiyuddin Hassan MP (Parliament and Law) PN (PAS) Kota Bharu
Senator Dato' Seri Dr. Zulkifli Mohamad Al-Bakri (Religious Affairs) Independent Senator
Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Maximus Johnity Ongkili MP (Sabah and Sarawak Affairs) PBS Kota Marudu
Minister of Finance Senator Datuk Seri Utama Tengku Zafrul Tengku Abdul Aziz Independent Senator
Coordinating Minister of the National Recovery Plan[19] 9 July 2021
Minister of Defence Dato' Sri Ismail Sabri Yaakob MP BN (UMNO) Bera
Minister of Home Affairs Dato' Seri Hamzah Zainudin MP PN (BERSATU) Larut
Minister of International Trade and Industry Dato' Seri Mohamed Azmin Ali MP Gombak
Minister of Education Senator Datuk Dr. Mohd. Radzi Md. Jidin Senator
Minister of Environment and Water Dato' Sri Ustaz Tuan Ibrahim Tuan Man MP PN (PAS) Kubang Kerian
Minister of Federal Territories Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Hj. Annuar Hj. Musa MP BN (UMNO) Ketereh
Minister of Transport Datuk Seri Ir. Dr. Wee Ka Siong MP BN (MCA) Ayer Hitam
Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries Datuk Seri Dr. Ronald Kiandee MP PN (BERSATU) Beluran
Minister of Health Dato' Sri Dr. Adham Baba MP BN (UMNO) Tenggara
Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Dato' Sri Hjh. Nancy Shukri MP GPS (PBB) Batang Sadong
Minister of Housing and Local Government Datuk Hjh. Zuraida Kamaruddin MP PN (BERSATU) Ampang
Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato' Sri Hishammuddin Hussein MP BN (UMNO) Sembrong
Minister of Higher Education Datuk Seri Dr. Noraini Ahmad MP Parit Sulong 6 August 2021
Minister of Human Resources Datuk Seri Saravanan Murugan MP BN (MIC) Tapah 16 August 2021
Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Dato' Sri Alexander Nanta Linggi MP GPS (PBB) Kapit
Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperative Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar MP Santubong
Minister of Rural Development Datuk Dr. Hj. Abdul Latiff Hj. Ahmad MP PN (BERSATU) Mersing
Minister of Works Dato' Sri Hj. Fadillah Hj. Yusof MP GPS (PBB) Petra Jaya
Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Khairy Jamaluddin MP BN (UMNO) Rembau
Coordinating Minister of the National COVID-19 Immunisation Programme[20] 4 February 2021
Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Seri Dr. Shamsul Anuar Nasarah MP Lenggong 10 March 2020 3 August 2021
Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Dato' Ustaz Dr. Mohd. Khairuddin Aman Razali MP PN (PAS) Kuala Nerus 16 August 2021
Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Datuk Seri Rina Mohd. Harun MP PN (BERSATU) Titiwangsa
Minister of National Unity Datuk Halimah Mohamed Sadique MP BN (UMNO) Kota Tinggi
Minister of Youth and Sports Dato' Sri Reezal Merican Naina Merican MP Kepala Batas
Minister of Communication and Multimedia Dato' Saifuddin Abdullah MP PN (BERSATU) Indera Mahkota

Deputy Ministers[edit]

[18]
  PN (21)   BN (13)   GPS (4)

Portfolio Office bearer Party Constituency Took office Left office
Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Datuk Arthur Joseph Kurup MP
(Economy)
BN (PBRS) Pensiangan 10 March 2020 16 August 2021
Datuk Mastura Tan Sri Mohd. Yazid MP
(Special Functions)
BN (UMNO) Kuala Kangsar
Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith MP
(Parliament and Law)
PN (BERSATU) Kuala Pilah 6 July 2020
Datuk Shabudin Yahaya MP
(Parliament and Law)
Tasek Gelugor 6 July 2020 16 August 2021
Datuk Ustaz Hj. Ahmad Marzuk Shaary MP
(Religious Affairs)
PN (PAS) Pengkalan Chepa 10 March 2020
Dato' Hjh. Hanifah Hajar Taib MP
(Sabah and Sarawak Affairs)
GPS (PBB) Mukah
Deputy Minister of Finance Datuk Abdul Rahim Bakri MP PN (BERSATU) Kudat
Mohd. Shahar Abdullah MP BN (UMNO) Paya Besar
Deputy Minister of Defence Dato' Sri Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz MP PN (BERSATU) Tanah Merah
Deputy Minister of Home Affairs Jonathan Yasin MP Ranau
Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Ismail Hj. Mohamed Said MP BN (UMNO) Kuala Krau
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry Senator Datuk Lim Ban Hong BN (MCA) Senator
Deputy Minister of Education Muslimin Yahaya MP PN (BERSATU) Sungai Besar
Senator Dato' Dr. Mah Hang Soon BN (MCA) Senator
Deputy Minister of Environment and Water Senator Dato' Dr. Ahmad Masrizal Muhammad BN (UMNO)
Deputy Minister of Federal Territories Dato' Sri Dr. Edmund Santhara Kumar Ramanaidu MP PN (BERSATU) Segamat
Deputy Minister of Transport Datuk Hj. Hasbi Hj. Habibollah MP GPS (PBB) Limbang 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries Datuk Seri Hj. Ahmad Hamzah MP BN (UMNO) Jasin
Dato' Hj. Che Abdullah Mat Nawi MP PN (PAS) Tumpat
Deputy Minister of Health Dato' Dr. Hj. Noor Azmi Ghazali MP PN (BERSATU) Bagan Serai
Datuk Aaron Ago Dagang MP GPS (PRS) Kanowit
Deputy Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Jeffrey Gapari Kitingan MP PN (STAR) Keningau 29 September 2020
Senator Datuk Guan Dee Koh Hoi Senator 16 April 2021 16 August 2021
Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Ismail Hj. Abd. Muttalib MP BN (UMNO) Maran 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Dato' Hj. Kamarudin Jaffar MP PN (BERSATU) Bandar Tun Razak
Deputy Minister of Higher Education Dato' Dr. Mansor Othman MP Nibong Tebal
Deputy Minister of Human Resources Datuk Hj. Awang Hashim MP PN (PAS) Pendang
Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Dato' Hj. Rosol Wahid MP PN (BERSATU) Hulu Terengganu
Deputy Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperatives Datuk Wira Hjh. Mas Ermieyati Hj. Samsudin MP Masjid Tanah
Deputy Minister of Rural Development Dato' Sri Abdul Rahman Mohamad MP BN (UMNO) Lipis
Dato Henry Sum Agong MP GPS (PBB) Lawas
Deputy Minister of Works Datuk Dr. Shahruddin Md. Salleh MP PN (BERSATU) Sri Gading 4 June 2020[21]
Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith MP Kuala Pilah 6 July 2020 16 August 2021
Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation Datuk Hj. Ahmad Amzad Hashim MP PN (PAS) Kuala Terengganu 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Datuk Ali Anak Biju MP PN (BERSATU) Saratok
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities Datuk Willie Anak Mongin MP Puncak Borneo
Dato' Sri Dr. Wee Jeck Seng MP BN (MCA) Tanjung Piai
Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development Dato' Hjh. Siti Zailah Mohd. Yusoff MP PN (PAS) Rantau Panjang
Deputy Minister of National Unity Senator Dato' Sri Ti Lian Ker BN (MCA) Senator 5 May 2020[22][23]
Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports Senator Wan Ahmad Fayhsal Wan Ahmad Kamal PN (BERSATU) 10 March 2020
Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia Datuk Zahidi Zainul Abidin MP BN (UMNO) Padang Besar


Appointment with a ministerial rank[edit]

Portofolio Office bearer Party Constituency Took office Left office
Special Envoy of the Prime Minsister to Middle East Abdul Hadi Awang   PN (PAS) Marang 2 April 2020[24] 16 August 2021
Special Advisor to the Prime Minister for Community Networking, Communication and Socio-economic Development Ahmad Faizal Azumu PN (BERSATU) Tambun 5 August 2021[25]
Special Envoy of the Prime Minister to China Tiong King Sing   GPS (PDP) Bintulu 20 April 2020[26]
Special Envoy of the Prime Minister to East Asia Richard Riot Jaem GPS (SUPP) Serian 16 May 2020[27]

Changes[edit]

Under this Cabinet:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tan, CK (25 February 2020). "Mahathir resignation leaves coalition's campaign promises hanging". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  2. ^ Abd Mutalib, Zanariah (24 February 2020). "BERSATU keluar PH". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Azmin, Zuraida dipecat". BH Online (in Malay). 24 February 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  4. ^ Arifin, Latifah (24 February 2020). "11 Ahli Parlimen PKR keluar parti". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  5. ^ Hussain, Hasniza (26 February 2020). "PH sepakat calon Anwar sebagai Perdana Menteri". Sinar Harian (in Malay). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Anwar steps aside, endorses Dr Mahathir as PM representing PH coalition". Borneo Post Online. 29 February 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Malaysian king chooses Muhyiddin Yassin over Mahathir to be prime minister". South China Morning Post. 29 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Muhyiddin mohon semua pihak hormati keputusan Agong". Sinar Harian (in Malay). 29 February 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Muhyiddin Yassin sworn in as Malaysia's new prime minister - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  10. ^ "UMNO Tarik Balik Sokongan Serta Merta". 8 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Gagal Penuhi Aspirasi Rakyat, UMNO Tarik Balik Sokongan Kepada PM Serta Merta". 8 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  12. ^ Asila Jalil (10 March 2020). "The Perikatan Nasional Cabinet". The Malaysian Reserve. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  13. ^ "Mufti Wilayah Menteri Agama, CEO CIMB Menteri Kewangan". BH Online (in Malay). 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Six new senators sworn in at Dewan Negara | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
  15. ^ Mat Ruzki, Rafidah; Sulaiman, Noor Atiqah (9 March 2020). "4 Menteri Kanan ganti TPM". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Ismail Sabri appointed DPM, Hishammuddin now senior minister". Malaysiakini. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
  17. ^ Tho, Xin Yi; Yusof, Amir (16 August 2021). "Muhyiddin Yassin appointed Malaysian caretaker PM after resignation is accepted by the king". CNA. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  18. ^ a b "Senarai penuh Kabinet". BH Online (in Malay). 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  19. ^ Reporters, F. M. T. (9 July 2021). "Tengku Zafrul dilantik Menteri Penyelaras PPN". Free Malaysia Today (FMT). Retrieved 9 July 2021.
  20. ^ "KJ gets a new portfolio: Immunisation minister". Malaysiakini. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  21. ^ Patho Rohman, Mohd Anwar (4 June 2020). "Shahruddin letak jawatan Timbalan Menteri Kerja Raya". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  22. ^ The post of Deputy Minister of National Unity was supposed to be filled by Bintulu MP, Datuk Seri Tiong King Sing (GPS-PDP) He then declined as "it was not befitting of his stature as a party chief and a five-term MP".
  23. ^ "Govt accepts Tiong's decision to decline deputy minister's post | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  24. ^ "Hadi appointed as PM's special envoy to Middle East". The Star. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  25. ^ Times, New Straits (5 August 2021). "It's official, Faizal Azumu is now PM's Special Advisor | New Straits Times". NST Online. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  26. ^ Times, New Straits (20 April 2020). "Tiong King Sing appointed special envoy to China | New Straits Times". NST Online. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Riot receives appointment letter as special envoy". Borneo Post Online. Retrieved 11 September 2021.