21st Cabinet of Malaysia
|Date formed||10 March 2020|
|Date dissolved||16 August 2021|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Al-Sultan Abdullah|
|Head of government||Muhyiddin Yassin|
|Deputy head of government||Ismail Sabri Yaakob|
|Total no. of members||32 ministers and 38 deputy ministers|
|Status in legislature||Majority (coalition) (2020–2021) |
113 / 222
Minority (coalition) (July–August 2021)
100 / 220
|Opposition leader||Anwar Ibrahim (since 18 May 2020)|
|Legislature term(s)||14th Malaysian Parliament|
|Predecessor||Seventh Mahathir cabinet|
|Successor||Ismail Sabri cabinet|
The Muhyiddin cabinet was formed on 10 March 2020, nine days after Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed as the 8th Prime Minister of Malaysia and dissolved 17 months and 6 days later on 16 August 2021, the day when Muhyiddin submitted his resignations as PM and of this cabinet. It was the 21st cabinet of Malaysia formed since independence. This cabinet was also known as the Perikatan Nasional Cabinet (PN-Cabinet) which combined 15 political parties from the Perikatan Nasional (PN) component parties, with Barisan Nasional (BN) component parties, Gabungan Parti Sarawak (GPS) component parties and United Sabah Party (PBS) as allied partners providing confidence and supply.
Mahathir Mohamad resigned as Prime Minister on 24 February 2020, marking the end of the seventh Mahathir cabinet, where Muhyiddin was Minister of Home Affairs. A combination of factors, including Muhyiddin's decision to pull out his own party (BERSATU) out of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition, the sacking of Mohamed Azmin Ali and Zuraida Kamaruddin from People's Justice Party (PKR) for initiating the "Sheraton Move" and the resignation of nine other Members of Parliament (MPs) aligned to Azmin from PKR, resulted in the ruling coalition losing a simple majority in the Dewan Rakyat, leaving itself hung. However, at the request of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Mahathir stayed on as interim Prime Minister until a new Prime Minister is appointed.
Following the leadership vacuum, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong summoned all MPs to the Istana Negara (National Palace) on 26 and 27 February to gauge their support for a new prime minister. PH initially wanted Mahathir to return, but later named Anwar Ibrahim to the post based on Mahathir's promise to pass the baton to Anwar before retracting the nomination for another time. The proposed return of Mahathir received cross community support from BERSATU, Barisan Nasional (BN), Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS), Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN), Sarawak Parties Alliance (GPS) and other political parties represented in the Parliament. However, BN, PAS and GPS opposed the return of Democratic Action Party (DAP) to the governing coalition, the same way Mahathir opposed the return of "kleptocrats and traitors" to the same.
On 28 February, the National Palace stated that none of Prime Minister's candidates, namely Mahathir, Anwar, Muhyiddin or the self-nominated Bung Moktar Radin, obtained a simple majority in the Dewan Rakyat to form a government. Therefore, His Majesty gave another chance to leaders of all political parties represented in the Parliament to propose a new Prime Minister on the following day.
As a result, His Majesty has decided to appoint Muhyiddin as Prime Minister according to Articles 40(2)(a) and 43(2)(a) of the Federal Constitution following His Majesty's belief that Muhyiddin could command the majority of the Dewan Rakyat, Datuk Pengelola Bijaya Diraja (Comptroller of the National Palace) Ahmad Fadil Shamsuddin announced in a palace statement. According to PAS Secretary-General Takiyuddin Hassan, Muhyiddin was supported by 114 MPs representing BERSATU, BN, PAS, GBS and GPS. Sarawak Chief Minister Abang Johari Openg later announced that GPS is not a part of the newly created Perikatan Nasional (National Alliance) coalition but a party that provides confidence and supply to Muhyiddin.
Despite Mahathir's claim that he received support from 114 MPs to return to premiership at the night before Muhyiddin's swearing-in, Muhyiddin was sworn in as the eighth Prime Minister at 10.33 in the morning of 1 March.
On 8 July 2021, the UMNO made an official announcement to withdraw its supports towards the Muhyiddin government, citing the mismanagement of the COVID-19, the misuse of Emergency Declaration, and so on.
On 9 March 2020, Muhyiddin announced his Cabinet of 32 ministers and 38 deputy ministers. The Cabinet includes six technocrats who was appointed as Senators on 10 March 2020 before taking office. The position of Deputy Prime Minister was kept vacant as "there is no need to appoint one". Instead, the Senior Ministers will deputise for the Prime Minister in his absence should such necessity arise.
Until July 2021, the post of Deputy Prime Minister was left vacant since Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin was appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 1 March 2020 until he nominated Ismail Sabri Yaakob for this position on 7 July 2021.
On 16 August 2021, the Muhyiddin cabinet had dissolved after they handed in their resignation to His Majesty the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong.
PN (14) BN (9) GPS (4) Independent (2) PBS (1)
|Portfolio||Office bearer||Party||Constituency||Took office||Left office|
|Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department||Datuk Arthur Joseph Kurup MP
|BN (PBRS)||Pensiangan||10 March 2020||16 August 2021|
|Datuk Mastura Tan Sri Mohd. Yazid MP
|BN (UMNO)||Kuala Kangsar|
|Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith MP
(Parliament and Law)
|PN (BERSATU)||Kuala Pilah||6 July 2020|
|Datuk Shabudin Yahaya MP
(Parliament and Law)
|Tasek Gelugor||6 July 2020||16 August 2021|
|Datuk Ustaz Hj. Ahmad Marzuk Shaary MP
|PN (PAS)||Pengkalan Chepa||10 March 2020|
|Dato' Hjh. Hanifah Hajar Taib MP
(Sabah and Sarawak Affairs)
|Deputy Minister of Finance||Datuk Abdul Rahim Bakri MP||PN (BERSATU)||Kudat|
|Mohd. Shahar Abdullah MP||BN (UMNO)||Paya Besar|
|Deputy Minister of Defence||Dato' Sri Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz MP||PN (BERSATU)||Tanah Merah|
|Deputy Minister of Home Affairs||Jonathan Yasin MP||Ranau|
|Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Ismail Hj. Mohamed Said MP||BN (UMNO)||Kuala Krau|
|Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry||Senator Datuk Lim Ban Hong||BN (MCA)||Senator|
|Deputy Minister of Education||Muslimin Yahaya MP||PN (BERSATU)||Sungai Besar|
|Senator Dato' Dr. Mah Hang Soon||BN (MCA)||Senator|
|Deputy Minister of Environment and Water||Senator Dato' Dr. Ahmad Masrizal Muhammad||BN (UMNO)|
|Deputy Minister of Federal Territories||Dato' Sri Dr. Edmund Santhara Kumar Ramanaidu MP||PN (BERSATU)||Segamat|
|Deputy Minister of Transport||Datuk Hj. Hasbi Hj. Habibollah MP||GPS (PBB)||Limbang||10 March 2020|
|Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Industries||Datuk Seri Hj. Ahmad Hamzah MP||BN (UMNO)||Jasin|
|Dato' Hj. Che Abdullah Mat Nawi MP||PN (PAS)||Tumpat|
|Deputy Minister of Health||Dato' Dr. Hj. Noor Azmi Ghazali MP||PN (BERSATU)||Bagan Serai|
|Datuk Aaron Ago Dagang MP||GPS (PRS)||Kanowit|
|Deputy Minister of Tourism, Arts and Culture||Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Jeffrey Gapari Kitingan MP||PN (STAR)||Keningau||29 September 2020|
|Senator Datuk Guan Dee Koh Hoi||Senator||16 April 2021||16 August 2021|
|Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government||Dato' Sri Dr. Hj. Ismail Hj. Abd. Muttalib MP||BN (UMNO)||Maran||10 March 2020|
|Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs||Dato' Hj. Kamarudin Jaffar MP||PN (BERSATU)||Bandar Tun Razak|
|Deputy Minister of Higher Education||Dato' Dr. Mansor Othman MP||Nibong Tebal|
|Deputy Minister of Human Resources||Datuk Hj. Awang Hashim MP||PN (PAS)||Pendang|
|Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs||Dato' Hj. Rosol Wahid MP||PN (BERSATU)||Hulu Terengganu|
|Deputy Minister of Entrepreneurship Development and Cooperatives||Datuk Wira Hjh. Mas Ermieyati Hj. Samsudin MP||Masjid Tanah|
|Deputy Minister of Rural Development||Dato' Sri Abdul Rahman Mohamad MP||BN (UMNO)||Lipis|
|Dato Henry Sum Agong MP||GPS (PBB)||Lawas|
|Deputy Minister of Works||Datuk Dr. Shahruddin Md. Salleh MP||PN (BERSATU)||Sri Gading||4 June 2020|
|Dato' Eddin Syazlee Shith MP||Kuala Pilah||6 July 2020||16 August 2021|
|Deputy Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation||Datuk Hj. Ahmad Amzad Hashim MP||PN (PAS)||Kuala Terengganu||10 March 2020|
|Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources||Datuk Ali Anak Biju MP||PN (BERSATU)||Saratok|
|Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities||Datuk Willie Anak Mongin MP||Puncak Borneo|
|Dato' Sri Dr. Wee Jeck Seng MP||BN (MCA)||Tanjung Piai|
|Deputy Minister of Women, Family and Community Development||Dato' Hjh. Siti Zailah Mohd. Yusoff MP||PN (PAS)||Rantau Panjang|
|Deputy Minister of National Unity||Senator Dato' Sri Ti Lian Ker||BN (MCA)||Senator||5 May 2020|
|Deputy Minister of Youth and Sports||Senator Wan Ahmad Fayhsal Wan Ahmad Kamal||PN (BERSATU)||10 March 2020|
|Deputy Minister of Communication and Multimedia||Datuk Zahidi Zainul Abidin MP||BN (UMNO)||Padang Besar|
Appointment with a ministerial rank
|Portofolio||Office bearer||Party||Constituency||Took office||Left office|
|Special Envoy of the Prime Minister to Middle East||Abdul Hadi Awang||PN (PAS)||Marang||2 April 2020||16 August 2021|
|Special Advisor to the Prime Minister for Community Networking, Communication and Socio-economic Development||Ahmad Faizal Azumu||PN (BERSATU)||Tambun||5 August 2021|
|Special Envoy of the Prime Minister to China||Tiong King Sing||GPS (PDP)||Bintulu||20 April 2020|
|Special Envoy of the Prime Minister to East Asia||Richard Riot Jaem||GPS (SUPP)||Serian||16 May 2020|
Under this Cabinet:
- Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry was renamed as Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industries.
- Ministry of Economic Affairs was returned to the Prime Minister's Department in its original form as economic affairs portfolio.
- A single Ministry of Education was divided into two separate ministries. Ministry of Higher Education was reinstated.
- Ministry of Energy, Science, Technology, Environment and Climate Change and Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources were reorganised into three different ministries, namely Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and Ministry of Environment and Water.
- Ministry of National Unity was established as a result of separation of national unity portfolio from the Prime Minister's Department.
- Ministry of Primary Industries was renamed as Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities.
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- ^ "Mufti Wilayah Menteri Agama, CEO CIMB Menteri Kewangan". BH Online (in Malay). 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- ^ "Six new senators sworn in at Dewan Negara | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 10 March 2020.
- ^ Mat Ruzki, Rafidah; Sulaiman, Noor Atiqah (9 March 2020). "4 Menteri Kanan ganti TPM". BH Online (in Malay). Retrieved 9 March 2020.
- ^ "Ismail Sabri appointed DPM, Hishammuddin now senior minister". Malaysiakini. 7 July 2021. Retrieved 7 July 2021.
- ^ Tho, Xin Yi; Yusof, Amir (16 August 2021). "Muhyiddin Yassin appointed Malaysian caretaker PM after resignation is accepted by the king". CNA. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
- ^ a b "Senarai penuh Kabinet". BH Online (in Malay). 9 March 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
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- ^ The post of Deputy Minister of National Unity was supposed to be filled by Bintulu MP, Datuk Seri Tiong King Sing (GPS-PDP) He then declined as "it was not befitting of his stature as a party chief and a five-term MP".
- ^ "Govt accepts Tiong's decision to decline deputy minister's post | The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
- ^ "Hadi appointed as PM's special envoy to Middle East". The Star. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- ^ Times, New Straits (5 August 2021). "It's official, Faizal Azumu is now PM's Special Advisor | New Straits Times". NST Online. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
- ^ Times, New Straits (20 April 2020). "Tiong King Sing appointed special envoy to China | New Straits Times". NST Online. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
- ^ "Riot receives appointment letter as special envoy". Borneo Post Online. 16 May 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2021.