Mujahid ibn Jabr

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Mujahid ibn Jabr
Born642
Died722[1]
EraMedieval era

Mujahid ibn Jabr (Arabic: مُجَاهِدْ بِنْ جَبْر‎) (645-722 CE) was a Tabi‘in and one of the major early Islamic scholars.[2]

Biography[edit]

He was one of the leading Qur'anic commentators of the generation after that of the Prophet Muhammad and his Companions. He is the first to compile a written exegesis of the Qur'an, in which he stated “It is not permissible for one who holds faith in Allah and the Day of Judgment to speak on the Qur'an without learning classical Arabic.”[citation needed] He is said to have studied under Amir al-Mu'minin 'Ali ibn Abi Talib until his martyrdom. At that point, he began to study under Ibn Abbas, a companion of the Prophet known as the father of Qur'anic exegesis. Mujahid ibn Jabr was known to be willing to go to great lengths to discover the true meaning of a verse in the Qur'an, and was considered to be a well-travelled man.[3] However, there is no evidence he ever journeyed outside of the Arabian Peninsula.[citation needed]

Works[edit]

It is related by Ibn Sa'd in the Tabaqat (6:9) and elsewhere that he went over the explanation of the Qur'an together with Ibn 'Abbas thirty times.[2]

Mujahid ibn Jabr is said to be relied upon in terms of tafsir according to Sufyan al-Thawri.

His exegesis in general followed these four principles:[3]

  1. That the Qur'an can be explained by other parts of the Qur'an. For example, in his interpretation of Q 29:13, he refers to Q 16:25,
  2. Interpretation according to traditions,
  3. Reason,
  4. Literary comments.

Al-Tabari's Jami' al-bayan attributes a significant amount of exegetical material to Mujahid.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

Sunni view[edit]

He has been classed as a Thiqah (i.e. very reliable) hadith narrator.[2]

Al-A'mash said:

"Mujahid was like someone who carried a treasure: whenever he spoke, pearls came out of his mouth."[2]

After praising him in similar terms al-Dhahabi said: "The Ummah is unanimous on Mujahid being an Imam who is worthy in Ihtijaj.[citation needed]

Non-Muslim view[edit]

Gregor Schoeler calls him "an eminent representative of the school of Mecca" and whose Tafsīr was nothing more than personal notes.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manna' al-Qattan, Mabahith fi Ulum al-Quran, Maktaba al-Ma'arif, 1421H, p. 393
  2. ^ a b c d Mujahid
  3. ^ a b The Tafsir of Mujahid - The Earliest of Qur'anic Commentaries Archived 2006-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Mit-Ejmes

External links[edit]