Mujangga

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Mujangga (Manchu: Mujangga.png; Chinese: 穆彰阿; pinyin: Mùzhāng'ā; Wade–Giles: Muchang'a; Jyutping: Muk6jeong1aa3; 1782–1856) was a Manchu statesman of the late Qing dynasty, belonging to the Gogiya (郭佳) clan. He belonged under the Bordered Blue Banner in the Eight Banners. He was awarded the, jinshi, the highest degree in the imperial examination in 1805 and quickly rose in the ranks of the Qing government. Mujangga was the teacher of a young Chinese statesman, Confucian scholar, future general of the Xiang Army during the Taiping Rebellion, Zeng Guofan (whom later became a mentor to Li Hongzhang, a future diplomat of the Qing Dynasty and trade minister of the Beiyang Navy). He became a member of the Grand Council in 1828 and gradually grew to exercise a decisive influence on the Daoguang Emperor's policies. Following the demise of Cao Zhenyong, Mujangga became the chief Grand Councillor in 1837. As tensions in Sino-British relations rose in 1839, he became one of the chief advocates of a conciliatory policy towards the British and following the outbreak of the First Opium War, he moved to dismiss Lin Zexu from his position as imperial commissioner in September 1840. Around 1845 he was President of the Hanlin Academy.[1] Mujangga's conciliatory policies created tensions with the allegedly more xenophobic heir apparent, and following his accession to the throne as the Xianfeng Emperor, Mujangga was dismissed from all his positions in 1851.

Further reading[edit]

  • Crossley, Pamela Kyle. Orphan Warriors: Three Manchu Generations and the End of the Qing World, page 256. Princeton University Press, 1990.
  • Hummel, Arthur William, ed. Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period (1644-1912). 2 vols. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1943.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Chinese Repository, Volume 14 edited by Elijah Coleman Bridgman, Samuel Wells Willaims