Mukden Palace

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Façade of Chongzheng Hall, the main building
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iii, iv
Reference 439
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)
Extensions 2004

The Mukden Palace (simplified Chinese: 盛京宫殿; traditional Chinese: 盛京宮殿; pinyin: Shèngjīng Gōngdiàn) or Shenyang Gugong (simplified Chinese: 沈阳故宫; traditional Chinese: 瀋陽故宮; pinyin: Shěnyáng Gùgōng), also known as the Shenyang Imperial Palace, was the former imperial palace of the early Manchu-led Qing dynasty in China. It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. Since the collapse of imperial rule in China, the palace has been converted to a museum that now lies in the center of Shenyang city, Liaoning province.


layout of the Mukden Palace

Early construction began in 1625 by Nurhaci, the founder of the Qing dynasty. By 1631, additional structures were added during the reign of Nurhaci's successor, Huangtaiji.

The Mukden Palace was built to resemble the Forbidden City in Beijing. However, the palace also exhibits hints of Manchu and Tibetan styles.

After the Qing dynasty replaced the Ming dynasty in 1644 in Beijing, the Mukden Palace lost its status as the official residence of the Qing emperor. Instead, the Mukden Palace became a regional palace.

In 1780, the Qianlong Emperor further expanded the palace. Successive Qing emperors usually stayed at Mukden Palace for some time each year.


Dazheng Hall, the earliest building in the palace

In 1955, the Mukden Palace was converted into the Shenyang Imperial Palace Museum.

In 2004, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as an extension of the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, or Forbidden City, in Beijing.


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°47′46″N 123°26′58″E / 41.79611°N 123.44944°E / 41.79611; 123.44944