Mukden Palace

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Shenyang Imperial Palace Museum
沈阳故宫
Dazheng Hall 070314.jpg
Dazheng Hall, the earliest building in the palace
Mukden Palace is located in Liaoning
Mukden Palace
Location within Liaoning
Mukden Palace is located in China
Mukden Palace
Mukden Palace (China)
Established1955
LocationNo. 171, Shenyang Road, Shenhe District, Shenyang, Liaoning
Coordinates41°47′46″N 123°27′03″E / 41.796161°N 123.450708°E / 41.796161; 123.450708
TypeArt museum, Imperial palace, historic site
CuratorBin Wu
Websitehttp://www.sypm.org.cn
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameThe Imperial Palace of the Qing Dynasty in Shenyang
Part ofImperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
CriteriaCultural: (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
Reference439bis-002
Inscription1987 (11th Session)
Extensions2004

The Mukden Palace (simplified Chinese: 盛京宫殿; traditional Chinese: 盛京宮殿; pinyin: Shèngjīng Gōngdiàn), or Shenyang Imperial Palace (simplified Chinese: 沈阳故宫; traditional Chinese: 瀋陽故宮; pinyin: Shěnyáng Gùgōng), was the former imperial palace of the early Manchu-led Qing dynasty. It was built in 1625 and the first three Qing emperors lived there from 1625 to 1644. Since the collapse of imperial rule in China, the palace has been converted to a museum that now lies in the center of Shenyang city, Liaoning province.

History[edit]

Early construction began in 1625 by Nurhaci, the founder of the Qing dynasty. By 1631, additional structures were added during the reign of Nurhaci's successor, Hong Taiji.

The Mukden Palace was built to resemble the Forbidden City in Beijing. However, the palace also exhibits hints of Manchu and Tibetan styles.

After the Qing dynasty replaced the Ming dynasty in 1644 in Beijing, the Mukden Palace lost its status as the official residence of the Qing emperor. Instead, the Mukden Palace became a regional palace.

In 1780, the Qianlong Emperor further expanded the palace. Successive Qing emperors usually stayed at Mukden Palace for some time each year.

layout of the Mukden Palace

Museum[edit]

In 1955, the Mukden Palace was converted into the Shenyang Imperial Palace Museum.

In 2004, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as an extension of the Imperial Palace of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, or Forbidden City, in Beijing.

Ticket[edit]

60 RMB for adult

References[edit]

External links[edit]