Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury
|Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury|
Chowdhury, circa 2008
|Advisor to the President of Bangladesh|
13 November 2006 – 15 January 2007
1965 (age 52–53)|
|Spouse(s)||Sufia Mukhles Chowdhury|
|Children||4: Monsoor Mukhles Chowdhury, Maqsood Mukhles Chowdhury, Masroor Mukhles Chowdhury, Ayesha Mukhles Chowdhury|
|Alma mater||University of London|
Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury (Bengali: মোখলেসুর রহমান চৌধুরী), also known as Mokhles Chowdhury, is a Bangladeshi journalist turned politician. He was appointed as an advisor to the President of Bangladesh during the Caretaker Government established in October 2006.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Role during the 2006-2007 political crisis
- 4 Military intervention
- 5 Success stories
- 6 Publications
- 7 Hazz
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury is the eldest son of Azizur Rahman Chowdhury, the first Chief Editor of the Weekly Prekshit, and Sharifa Aziz Chowdhury. His native village is Katihara of Lakhai, and he was born at Kulikunda of Nasirnagar. Chowdhury spent his childhood in the Sylhet District.
Mukhles Chowdhury received his 'Master's in Mass Communication and Journalism', and graduated in Political Science from the University of Dhaka. Chowdhury obtained Master of Research (MRes) in Politics from the Birkbeck, University of London and also did research graduation in politics with distinction in the King's College, University of London, under King's-UNHCR Scholarship. He completed two research courses in Arabic for Quran in the University of Westminster and also pursued research in Royal Holloway. Chowdhury took two Research Courses in London School of Economics and Political Science or LSE University of London and studied for a PhD in Politics at Sheffield University in Britain.
In 1985, Chowdhury joined the Dainik Patrika, the newspaper which started on 31 January 1986, as the chief reporter. In early 1989 he switched over to the Dainik Naba Avijan and returned to the Dainik Patrika at the end of the year. Since 1981 he has been serving journalism with writing in various press including Dainik Bangla, Dainik Desh, Bichitra, Robbar, Sunday Express, Holiday and Khoborer Kagaj. In January 1991, he became special correspondent for the Ajker Kagoj. In September 1991 Chowdhury became the diplomatic editor and special correspondent of the Dainik Dinkal
In 2004, Chowdhury was appointed as press secretary and spokesman by President Iajuddin Ahmed, serving from December 2004 to November 2006. When Iajuddin took on the responsibility as Chief Advisor in 2006, he appointed Chowdhury as one of his advisors.
Role during the 2006-2007 political crisis
On 13 November 2006, President Ahmed, Chief Advisor of the Caretaker Government, appointed Chowdhury as the Senior Advisor to President with the rank and status of a Minister of State. From November 2006 to January 2007, when an acute national political impasses arose in Bangladesh out of uncertainty about Parliamentary elections, he performed the role of President’s special envoy in the negotiation process. He tried to reconcile issues between the two opposition leaders, Begum Khaleda Zia of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, and Sheikh Hasina of the Awami League.
On 23 December 2006, the political parties agreed to participate in parliamentary elections in January. On the day all political parties joined the 22 January 2007 parliamentary election. Following that negotiation, they requested to extend last day of nomination for two days, as Presidential Adviser accepted this for smooth organizing the national election, while the AL and its Grand Alliance started submitting more new nomination papers for their candidates on 26 December 2006 as they changed some candidature in some areas in changed scenario. But on 3 January 2007, the last possible date, the Awami League and its Grand Alliance withdrew from elections when the Jatiya Party's Hussain Muhammad Ershad's nomination was cancelled.
A coterie using a judge gave a sentence to Jatiya Party (JP) Chairman H M Ershad. Agitating political parties stood by this move saying this was unacceptable at this election period. They chanted slogan: 'No Ershad, No Election' terming the court order motivated. Erstwhile State Minister for Home Lutfuzzaman Babar played role in cancelling Ershad's 5 nomination papers. For this, he called Returning Officers of 5 constituencies, Additional Divisional Commissioner of Dhaka and 3 Deputy Commissioners (DC) of the country, where the JP Chairman stood for election. Babar was lenient to Tarique Rahman thus Khaleda Zia. Meanwhile, he changed his allegiance to then Army Chief and engaged himself in dubious role, which was unknown to his former bosses. Presidential Adviser Mukhles Chowdhury tried to make Khaleda Zia understand that what he succeeded in bringing the AL and Grand Alliance to ensuing parliamentary election after a long parley and meeting many demands, now with this short cut process outside power will jeopardized the election. She did not realize the gravity of situation as her son was adamant on this. Ironically, then BNP had given charge to Babar for political contact with Ershad.
At one stage, Babar and Tarique met Ershad. Finally, they both brought Ershad to Khaleda Zia at her cantonment residence while JP joined 4 Party Alliance for second time. Prior to 2001 parliamentary election, the JP first joined the 4 Party. Ershad deserted BNP before 2007 planned election saying Tarique became obstacle to give JP's demanded seats to contest forthcoming election being part of the alliance. The Army with DGFI worked availing advantage on prevailing situation in favor of Ershad, their former Chief. As Ershad claimed that upon receiving threats, he did hide in safe area in Gazipur. After three days he came out in a broad day light and joined 14 Party Alliance's public meeting in Dhaka. Col. Oli Ahmed floated new political party Liberal Democratic Party on 26 October 2006, where DGFI's role was evident. Then B Chowdhury's Bikalpa Dhara was amalgamated in LDP. But later both Chowdhury and Ahmed's parties saw divisions again. Then they all joined the AL led 14 Party alliance and named it Grand Alliance. In the meantime, the Army Chief Moeen U Ahmed with his vanguards MSP Aminul Karim, Brigadier General A T M Amin and Brigadier General Fazlul Bari had been working seriously to capture the power. On the other hand, Adviser Mukhles Chowdhury then tried utmost against that army group to save democracy, but the top politicians did not understand the situation.
Worked with US and UN to stop Martial Law
Then Mukhles Chowdhury used good offices of the western diplomats led by the US Ambassador Patricia A. Butenis and stopped the Martial Law while the army group had to retreat to the option of the state of emergency, which was supported by all political parties for their own interests. Khaleda Zia with Moeen's support on 29 October 2006 made all the papers of the state of emergency. However, Mukhles Chowdhury stopped the declaration of the emergency at night when the President Dr. Iajuddin Ahmed took over as the CA. Chowdhury was arguing through declaration of emergency the Army Chief would take over power. The AL led alliance was supporting the emergency from the beginning. At this stage, President Iajuddin declared a state of emergency on 11 January and postponed the elections under the pressure of Moeen and his army group, as they would not be valid without full participation of the parties A group of military officers intervened to ensure stability, in what became called "One-Eleven." They established an interim government.
In November and December 2006, Chowdhury worked with the US Ambassador in Dhaka Patricia A. Butenis, Under Secretary of State of the US Nicholas Burns called him from State Department, Washington D.C., he had talk with US Assistant Secretary of State Richard A. Boucher and at Chowdhury's invitation UN Secretary General Kofi A. Annan sent his emissaries to Bangladesh to stop Martial Law. Responding Chowdhury's all these initiatives Special Envoy Craig Jennes led a two-member UN delegation to Bangladesh and finally Patricia A. Butenis and Anwar Choudhury met Principal Staff Officer General Jahangir Alam Chowdhury and Chief of Army Staff General Moeen U Ahmed, transmitted message not go ahead with their Martial Law option and informed if it happens Bangladeshi Peacekeepers will be back from the UN Peacekeeping Mission and there will be sanctions imposed on Bangladesh by the UN. Another message for army was to go back to barrack after restoring democracy holding parliamentary election within very short time, thus army rule's days were numbered.
During 1994-1995, Bangladesh had a similar political deadlock, when the Awami League boycotted the 15 February 1996 election because no caretaker government had been established. In that event, negotiations had been led by the then-Commonwealth Secretary General Chief Emeka Anyaoku's special envoy Sir Ninian Stephen.
Diplomatic-cable leak by WikiLeaks
The violence and crisis in Bangladesh received international media coverage. In December 2006, WikiLeaks leaked documents from Chowdhury's mission with diplomats, including Patricia A. Butenis, as well as politicians and other stakeholders on solving Bangladesh's political impasses, when they had worked together during the volatile political situation in 2006-07 period. The caretaker government struggled to hold elections within the constitutional 90-day deadline. The dates for the scheduled election were changed to 21 January, then 23 January, and finally 22 January 2007 in efforts to accommodate the political parties.
Chowdhury had a series of meetings with stakeholders on governance and politics. With the help of United States envoys, Chowdhury stopped the imposition of martial law planned by General Moeen U Ahmed and his associates. They argued that they wanted to ensure the stability of the country because of the adverse effects of the political unrest on the society and economy.
Mukhles Chowdhury later said that General Moeen, Army Chief, was the main force in the military intervention and declaration by President Iajuddin Ahmed of a state of emergency on 11 January 2007. He started speaking against army-backed government on 12 January and his interviews were published by the Manabzamin, Naya Diganta and Amader Shomoy. According to Amar Desh reporting in 2009, Chowdhury said that Moeen had intended to capture the country's presidency through the interim Caretaker Government headed by Fakhruddin Ahmed, formerly with the World Bank. Aminul Karim united army dissident groups and also used Gen. Masud and Brig. Bari to achieve this.The main motto of Moeen, Aminul Karim and A T M Amin was to make Moeen President of the country.
"Military coup in Bangladesh: Dateline 2007", one of his fact-finding write-ups about the One Eleven conspiracy, was published in the weekly Akhon Samoy of New York. Minister Mukhles Chowdhury revealed untold facts about 2007 military intervention in Bangladesh in interviews taken by media that include the Bangladesh Pratidin, the Daily Kaler Kantha, and the Daily Sun.
Chowdhury resigned under pressure after being the last advisor to President Iajuddin Ahmed, At the time, there had been reports that Chowdhury had become the de facto President and Prime Minister. Investigations confirmed that he had managed with integrity during this period. while Moeen U Ahmed was the unlawful authority of Bangladesh, who gave his promotion and extension in his army service.
Presidential Advisor and Minister Mukhles Chowdhury's success stories include he managed publishing two historic books from the statecraft making them above controversy for which he made top politicians understand that these two historic books have to be above all for the greater interest of the country so that with the passage of governments it remains intact. While the President of Bangladesh was in coma and was admitted in Dhaka Combined Military Hospital (CMH) and also in Mount Elizabeth Hospital of Singapore, he did run the presidency keeping it on the right and single track while also stopping overdoing and attempt of overthrowing the President from the power. Last, but not least, Chowdhury brought all the political parties including agitating Grand Alliance in the parliamentary election of 22 January 2007 after having series of meetings with them and meeting their demands. As a result, the Grand Alliance was in that election from 23 December 2006 to 3 January 2007. Chowdhury was fighting against Moeen and Aminul Karim's group as they were making army deployment of Caretaker Government (CTG) dysfunctional in November 2006, managing 4 Advisors resignation in December 2006 what he was also able to replace and stopping Martial Law and the State of Emergency until 11 January 2007. Then Moeen was behind all power.
Current and previous positions
Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury has been the Chief Editor of the Bangladesh Worldwide and the Editor of the Weekly Prekkhit. Veteran Journalist cum academic Mukhles Chowdhury has been Senior Editor of Birkbeck Law Review. He was the first Joint Secretary General of Commonwealth Journalists Association (CJA), Bangladesh.
- Hundred Years of Bangabhaban and Bangabhabaner Shatabarsha were published from Bangabhaban, where Chowdhury was the publisher, as the head of press wing of President's Office.
- His two books, Samakalin Sangbadikata (Contemporary Journalism) and Protocoler Nigor (Bindings in Protocol), were published in 2005.
- "Iajuddin wants to open talks with alliances". The Daily Star. 30 November 2006. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- আজিজুর রহমান চৌধুরীর ৮ম মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী পালিত [Rahman Chowdhury, 8th death anniversary]. The Daily Khowai (in Bengali). 12 December 2009. Archived from the original on 26 May 2014.
- রাষ্ট্রপতির সাবেক উপদেষ্টা মোখলেস চৌধুরীর পিতা এ আর চৌধুরীর মৃত্যুবার্ষিকী পালিত
- University of Sheffield. "Mukhlesur - Student Profiles - Bangladesh - South Asia - Asia - Your country - Prospective International students - The University of Sheffield". shef.ac.uk.
- "LSE Scholars At Risk". lse.ac.uk.
- m mukhlesur rahman chowdhury. "M Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury". academia.edu.
- "RSF - Rapport annuel 2001". Ecoi.net. 1 January 2001. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- Mukhlesur R Chowdhury (23 April 2003). "Solution within constitutional framework — CBK says in Dhaka". The Island.
- "Faruque, Shamim elected OCAB president, secy". The Daily Star. UNB. 30 December 2004. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Bangabhaban's political recruit feeds BSS wrong news". The Daily Star. 9 November 2006.
- , Bangladesh-Web
- "Political recruit Mokhlesur plays twin roles". The Daily Star. 7 November 2006.
- "Cabinet appointments", Bangladesh Government
- "Mokhlesur now an adviser with state minister's rank". The Daily Star. 14 November 2006. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Secretary-Appointment". United News of Bangladesh (UNB). 5 December 2004.
- "Talks at Bangabhaban fail". New Age. Dhaka. 30 October 2006. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Cable Viewer". wikileaks.org.
- "Options not explored before president's offer". The Daily Star. 29 October 2006.
- "Grand alliance boycotts Jan 22 election". The Daily Star. 4 January 2007.
- Neil DeVotta (2015). An Introduction to South Asian Politics. Routledge. pp. 64–. ISBN 978-1-317-36973-8.
- "Chronology of keeping off polls". The Daily Star. 5 January 2007.
- "Politicians' failure led to Jan 11 changeover: speakers". New Age. Dhaka. 14 September 2014.
- "'Jan 11 a full-scale military takeover'". New Age. 13 September 2014.
- "Bangladesh: The coup that dare not speak its name". The Economist. 18 January 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
Iajuddin Ahmed, Bangladesh's president, declared an army-backed state of emergency on January 11th and cancelled the election due on January 22nd.
- "Wikileaks: How President Iajuddin ...", Priyo, 21 September 2011
- M Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury (12 June 2017). "Bangladesh Army in the U.N. peacekeeping and intervention in politics 2007-2008; A Personal Perspective". South Asia Journal.
- "Envoy fails - The Independent (London, England) | HighBeam Research - FREE trial". Highbeam.com. 21 November 1994. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Cable Viewer". wikileaks.org.
- "WikiLeaks: How president Iajuddin was asked to resign". Priyo News. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- "Cable dates 7 January 2007, Bangladesh, Wikileaks website,
- , Akhon Samoy Weekly, in Bengali
- Haroon Habib (28 July 2007). "Minus-two formula". Frontline.
-  Amar Desh, 1 February 2009
- "Moeen U Ahmed wanted to be president: Moudud". The Daily Star. 12 May 2013.
- , Akhon Samoy Weekly, in Bengali
- ১/১১ নিয়ে মুখ খুললেন মোখলেস চৌধুরী. Bangladesh Pratidin (in Bengali). Archived from the original on 9 July 2015.
- ওয়ান-ইলেভেন নিয়ে মুখ খুললেন মোখলেস চৌধুরী. Kaler Kantho (in Bengali).
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 February 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 February 2015. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "Bangladesh armed forces elite promoted". Dawn. 25 May 2007.
- Julfikar Ali Manik (4 June 2007). "Phantom Of The Opera". Outlook. AP.
- "bangladeshworldwide.com". saptahikprekkhit.com.
- M Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury. "ISSUU - Usa's efforts for a new election to restore democracy in Bangladesh by M Mukhlesur Rahman Chowdhury". Issuu.
- "Govt plans to feed 20m flood-hit people Under VGF till Dec 2004". News From Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015.
- "'Real culprits behind Sylhet bomb blast to be traced out soon'". News From Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012.
- "Book Review: Hundred Years of Bangabhaban" (PDF). bangla-sydney.com.
- "President unveils covers of Mokhlesur Rahman's books". bdnews24.com. 23 July 2006.