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Mukhriz Mahathir

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Mukhriz Mahathir
مخرج محاضر
11th and 13th Menteri Besar of Kedah
In office
11 May 2018 – 17 May 2020
Preceded byAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah
Succeeded byMuhammad Sanusi Md Nor
In office
6 May 2013 – 3 February 2016
MonarchAbdul Halim
Preceded byAzizan Abdul Razak
Succeeded byAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah
ConstituencyAyer Hitam
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
10 April 2009 – 15 May 2013
Serving with Jacob Dungau Sagan
MonarchsMizan Zainal Abidin (2008–2011)
Abdul Halim
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterMustapa Mohamed
Preceded byLiew Vui Keong
Succeeded byHamim Samuri
1st President of the Homeland Fighters Party
Assumed office
12 August 2020
DeputyMarzuki Yahya
ChairmanMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byPosition established
1st Deputy President of the
Malaysian United Indigenous Party
In office
7 September 2016 – 28 May 2020
PresidentMuhyiddin Yassin
ChairmanMahathir Mohamad
Muhyiddin Yassin
(Acting) (2020)
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAhmad Faizal Azumu
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Jerlun
In office
9 May 2018 – 19 November 2022
Preceded byOthman Aziz
Succeeded byAbdul Ghani Ahmad
Majority5,866 (2018)
In office
8 March 2008 – 5 May 2013
Preceded byAbd Rahman Ariffin
Succeeded byOthman Aziz
Majority2,205 (2008)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Jitra
In office
9 May 2018 – 12 August 2023
Preceded byAminuddin Omar
Succeeded byHaim Hilman Abdullah
Majority10,849 (2018)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Ayer Hitam
In office
5 May 2013 – 9 May 2018
Preceded byAbdul Ghani Ahmad
Succeeded byAzhar Ibrahim
Majority2,446 (2013)
Personal details
Mukhriz bin Mahathir

(1964-11-25) 25 November 1964 (age 59)
Kedah, Malaysia
Political partyUMNO (2004–2016)
Independent (June–August 2016, May–August 2020)
BERSATU (2016–2020)
PEJUANG (since 2020)
Other political
Barisan Nasional (2004–2016)
Pakatan Harapan (2017–2020)
Gerakan Tanah Air (GTA)
SpouseNorzieta Zakaria
Parent(s)Mahathir Mohamad (father)
Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali (mother)
Residence(s)5, Jalan Tun Ismail 1, Bukit Tunku, Kuala Lumpur
Alma materSophia University
Boston University
  • Politician
  • businessman
Mukhriz Mahathir on Parliament of Malaysia
Mukhriz Mahathir
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
2008–2013Barisan Nasional
2018–2020Pakatan Harapan
2020Malaysian United Indigenous Party
2021–2022Party of Homeland's Fighters
Faction represented in Kedah State Legislative Assembly
2013–2016Barisan Nasional
2017–2018Malaysian United Indigenous Party
2018–2020Pakatan Harapan
2020Malaysian United Indigenous Party
2021–2023Party of Homeland's Fighters

Dato' Seri Utama Mukhriz bin Tun Dr. Mahathir (Jawi: مخرج بن محاضر; born 25 November 1964) is a Malaysian politician and businessman served as the 11th and 13th Menteri Besar of Kedah from May 2013 to February 2016 and again from May 2018 to May 2020, Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under former Prime Ministers Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and Najib Razak as well as former Minister Mustapa Mohamed from March 2008 to May 2013, Member of Parliament (MP) for Jerlun from March 2008 to May 2013 and again from May 2018 to November 2022 as well as Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly (MLA) for Jitra from May 2018 to August 2023 and for Ayer Hitam from May 2013 to May 2018. He is the third son of Mahathir Mohamad, the 4th, 7th and former Prime Minister of Malaysia. He has been the 1st and founding President of the Homeland Fighters Party (PEJUANG) since party foundation in August 2020. He was the 1st and founding Deputy President and State Chairman of Kedah of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) from party foundation in September 2016 to his membership termination in May 2020 and was also the State Chairman of Kedah of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition. He was also a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the BN coalition. He left UMNO with Mahathir and they founded BERSATU in 2016.[1] Mahathir and his BERSATU memberships were terminated and they founded PEJUANG in 2020. He is one of the two Menteris Besar of Malaysia who represented two different political parties and coalitions.

Early life, education and early career


Mukhriz was born in Kedah, Malaysia and he is the fourth child among four siblings from the marriage of Mahathir Mohamad and Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali.

Mukhriz attended Sophia University, in Tokyo, where he received a bachelor's degree in business management (assumed in 1987). He later received another bachelor's degree in marketing after graduating from Boston University (assumed in 1989).[2][3][4]

Mukhriz has held various posts in several business firms, which include Opcom Holdings,[5][6] Kosmo Tech[7] as well as the Malaysian Franchise Association.[8] He was also the executive director of Perdana Peace Global Organisation.[9] He served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Malaysian cancer vaccine company, Bioven.[10]

Political career


Pre-parliamentary career


In 2004, he won election to the executive council of UMNO's youth wing, by garnering the highest number of votes of any candidate.[11][12] He was also seen as a potential candidate for being the deputy chief of UMNO Youth, but he later withdrew his candidacy.[13]

Mukhriz was noted for his continuous efforts in speaking for his father in the events of the rift between Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and his father.[14][15] In 2006, his father lost a bid to be elected as one of seven delegates from Kubang Pasu to UMNO's general assembly; Mukhriz was elected as one of the seven.[16]

Federal parliamentarian (2008–2013)


In the 2008 Malaysian general election, Mukhriz contested and won the Jerlun Parliament Seat.[17][18] Before this, he offered himself to contest in Langkawi Parliament Seat but was rejected by 85 out of 91 UMNO branches in Langkawi.[19] However, many Langkawi leaders backed him later. The Jerlun UMNO division welcomed Mukhriz to contest in their Parliament seat and promised to give him full support in the election.[20]

In 2009, Mukhriz contested as a candidate for the new UMNO Youth Chief after the wing's predecessor, Datuk Seri Hishamuddin Hussein released his position. He was rivalled by Khairy Jamaluddin and Khir Toyo. Nominations for the posts coincided with division meetings which took place between October and November 2008. Mukhriz was initially seen as leading in nominations compared to Khairy but eventually lost in the final vote count.

However, a controversy was sparked when Khairy was allowed to contest for the post even though he was found guilty for being involved with money politics by the UMNO Disciplinary Board,[21] while others who were found guilty for the same offence, such as Mohd Ali Rustam who was supposed to contest for the UMNO Vice-President post, were not allowed to contest for their respective posts. However, Khairy denied the allegation, as stated in his blog.[22]

First term as Menteri Besar Kedah (2013–2016)

Mukhriz in 2013

In the 2013 election, Mukhriz gave up his seat in federal parliament to contest the Kedah State Assembly seat of Ayer Hitam. The move was taken with a view to becoming the Chief Minister of Kedah if the Barisan Nasional coalition could defeat the Pakatan Rakyat (PR) state government led by Azizan Abdul Razak. Mukhriz won Ayer Hitam (defeating the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) incumbent), Barisan Nasional reclaimed the state government, and Mukhriz was sworn in as Chief Minister on 6 May, the day after the election, in the presence of his father.[23]

1MDB Scandal


In January 2016, UMNO Kedah leaders, led by Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah, declare the loss of confidence towards Mukhriz due to "his inability to maintain a united party leadership".[24] The move is widely believed to be a reprisal orchestrated by the Prime Minister Najib Razak's camp in UMNO, which was increasingly infuriated by Mahathir's and Mukhriz's criticisms against Najib.[25] He resigned on 3 February 2016 after losing the majority of support among the assemblymen.[26] Ahmad Bashah, who is also the Bakar Bata assemblyman, succeeded him as the 12th Chief Minister of Kedah.[27] Daughter of Mukhriz, Meera Alyanna Mukhriz expressed her gratitude to the rakyat of Kedah for giving her father a chance to serve the state and its people.[28]

Mukhriz was expelled from UMNO together with Muhyiddin Yassin in June 2016.[29]

Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (BERSATU) (2016-2020)


In August 2016, Mukhriz together with Mahathir Mohamad, Muhyiddin Yassin, Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman, Kamarulazman Habibur Rahman, Anina Saadudin and Akhramsyah Sanusi formed Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (PPBM or BERSATU).[30]

Mukhriz was the Deputy President of BERSATU and the Chairman of Pakatan Harapan in Kedah.

Second term as Menteri Besar Kedah (2018-2020)


In the 2018 general election, the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition led by former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, Mukhriz's father, won 18 of the 36 state assembly seats.

He took his oath of office before Kedah Sultan Tunku Sallehuddin Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah in a ceremony held in Istana Anak Bukit.[31]

On 31 March 2019, Mukhriz has been appointed chairperson of the Muda Agricultural Development Authority (Mada). Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry Minister Salahuddin Ayub said Mukhriz’s appointment was consented by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong recently.[32]

On 22 January 2020, Mukhriz said starting the new year bringing in investments from China is a good sign for the state. He shake hands with Jin Yeuhua at a signing ceremony at Wisma Darul Aman.[33]

On 29 January 2020, Mukhriz said Kedah recorded a revenue of RM726.89 million in 2019, surpassing the target of RM710 million set by the state government last year.[34]

On 17 May 2020, he resigned as Chief Minister of Kedah mentioning he couldn't hold on to majority amongst his state assemblymen and thus relinquished his position as Chief Minister of Kedah.[35]

Personal life


Mukhriz married Norzieta Zakaria on 14 November 1993,[36] and together, they have four children.[13]

On 27 August 2020, Mukhriz admitted that it was his daughter and son-in-law who were recently arrested by the police for breaching the recovery movement control order (MCO) rules.[37][38][39] On 28 August, Mukhriz's daughter, Meera Alyanna Mukhriz, has apologised for breaching recovery movement-control order (RMCO) procedures by staying out past the 12pm closing time at an eatery.[40][41]

Election results

Kedah State Legislative Assembly[42][43][44][45][46]
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2013 N04 Ayer Hitam Mukhriz Mahathir (UMNO) 14,083 54.55% Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 11,637 45.07% 26,200 2,446 88.61%
2018 N06 Jitra Mukhriz Mahathir (BERSATU) 18,852 55.03% Aminuddin Omar (UMNO) 8,003 23.36% 34,252 10,849 83.00%
Zulhazmi Othman (PAS) 7,064 20.62%
Parliament of Malaysia[42][43][45][46]
Year Constituency Candidate Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2008 P005 Jerlun, Kedah. Mukhriz Mahathir (UMNO) 19,424 53.01% Idris Ahmad (PAS) 17,219 46.99% 37,297 2,205 81.95%
2018 Mukhriz Mahathir (BERSATU) 18,695 41.86% Othman Aziz (UMNO) 12,413 27.79% 44,822 5,866 83.00%
Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 12,829 28.72%
2022 Mukhriz Mahathir (PEJUANG) 3,144 6.02% Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 31,685 60.69% 52,909 20,456 77.23%
Othman Aziz (UMNO) 11,229 21.51%
Mohamed Fadzli Mohd Ali (PKR) 6,149 11.78%




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Preceded by Chief Minister of Kedah
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Kedah
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