Mukhriz Mahathir

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Mukhriz bin Mahathir

مخريز بن محاضر
Mukhriz Mahathir.jpg
11th and 13th Menteri Besar of Kedah
In office
11 May 2018 – 17 May 2020
MonarchSallehuddin
Preceded byAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah
Succeeded byMuhammad Sanusi Md Nor
ConstituencyJitra
In office
6 May 2013 – 3 February 2016
MonarchAbdul Halim
Preceded byAzizan Abdul Razak
Succeeded byAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah
ConstituencyAyer Hitam
Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry
In office
10 April 2009 – 15 May 2013
Serving with Jacob Dungau Sagan
MonarchMizan Zainal Abidin
Abdul Halim
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterMustapa Mohamed
Preceded byLiew Vui Keong
Succeeded byHamim Samuri
ConstituencyJerlun
1st President of the
Party of Homeland's Fighters
Assumed office
12 August 2020
DeputyMarzuki Yahya
ChairmanMahathir Mohamad
Preceded byPosition established
ConstituencyJerlun
1st Deputy President of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party
In office
7 September 2016 – 28 May 2020
PresidentMuhyiddin Yassin
ChairmanMahathir Mohamad
(2016-2020)
Muhyiddin Yassin
(Acting)
(2020)
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAhmad Faizal Azumu
ConstituencyJerlun
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Jerlun
Assumed office
9 May 2018
Preceded byOthman Aziz (UMNOBN)
Majority5,866 (2018)
In office
8 March 2008 – 5 May 2013
Preceded byAbd Rahman bin Ariffin (UMNOBN)
Succeeded byOthman Aziz (UMNOBN)
Majority2,205 (2008)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Jitra
Assumed office
9 May 2018
Preceded byAminuddin Omar (UMNOBN)
Majority10,849 (2018)
Member of the Kedah State Legislative Assembly
for Ayer Hitam
In office
6 May 2013 – 10 May 2018
Preceded byAbdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS)
Succeeded byAzhar Ibrahim (PAS)
Majority2,446 (2013)
Personal details
Born
Mukhriz bin Mahathir

(1964-11-25) 25 November 1964 (age 55)
Kedah, Malaysia
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyUMNO (2004-2016)
BERSATU (2016-2020)
PEJUANG (since 2020)
Other political
affiliations
BN (2004-2016)
PH (2016-present)
Independent (2020)
Spouse(s)Norzieta Zakaria
Children4
ParentsMahathir Mohamad
Siti Hasmah Mohamad Ali
Alma materSophia University
Boston University
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionBusinessman
Websitemukhriz.com
Mukhriz Mahathir on Parliament of Malaysia

Dato' Seri Utama Mukhriz bin Mahathir (Jawi: مخريز بن محاضر; born 25 November 1964) is a Malaysian politician who twice served as the 11th and 13th Menteri Besar of Kedah from May 2013 to February 2016 for almost 3 years and again from May 2018 to May 2020 for 2 years. From 2008 to 2013, he was the federal Deputy Minister of International Trade and Industry. He is the third son of Mahathir Mohamad, the 4th and 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia.

He has been 1st President of the Party of Homeland's Fighters (PEJUANG), a Malay and Bumiputera political party founded by the former Prime Minister, his father Mahathir Mohamad since August 2020. is a former member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. Like his father, he left UMNO in 2016. Mukhriz was the Deputy President of Malaysian United Indigenous Party or Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (BERSATU) from its formation in September 2016 to his membership termination in May 2020[1] and the chairman of the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition in Kedah. He was one of two Menteris Besar in Malaysia ruled by two different parties.

Business career and personal life[edit]

Mukhriz attended Sophia University, in Tokyo, where he received a bachelor's degree in business management (assumed in 1987). He later received another bachelor's degree in marketing after graduating from Boston University (assumed in 1989).[2][3][4]

Mukhriz has held various posts in several business firms, which include Opcom Holdings,[5][6] Kosmo Tech[7] as well as the Malaysian Franchise Association.[8] He was also the executive director of Perdana Peace Global Organisation.[9] He served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Malaysian cancer vaccine company, Bioven.[10]

Mukhriz married Yang Amat Berbahagia To' Puan Seri Utama Norzieta Zakaria on 14 November 1993,[11] and together, they have four children.[12]

Political career[edit]

Pre-parliamentary career[edit]

In 2004, he won election to the executive council of UMNO's youth wing, by garnering the highest number of votes of any candidate.[13][14] He was also seen as a potential candidate for being the deputy chief of UMNO Youth, but he later withdrew his candidacy.[12]

Mukhriz was noted for his continuous efforts in speaking for his father in the events of the rift between Prime Minister Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and his father.[15][16] In 2006, his father lost a bid to be elected as one of seven delegates from Kubang Pasu to UMNO's general assembly; Mukhriz was elected as one of the seven.[17] Mukhriz drew flak from sections of UMNO after he commented on Prime Minister Abdullah's speech at the assembly that he was a "little bit" disappointed and that it had offered nothing new.[18] He later apologised for his remarks.[19]

Federal parliamentarian (2008–2013)[edit]

In the 2008 Malaysian general election, Mukhriz contested and won the Jerlun Parliament Seat.[20][21] Before this, he offered himself to contest in Langkawi Parliament Seat but was rejected by 85 out of 91 UMNO branches in Langkawi.[22] However, many Langkawi leaders backed him later. The Jerlun UMNO division welcomed Mukhriz to contest in their Parliament seat and promised to give him full support in the election.[23]

In 2009, Mukhriz contested as a candidate for the new UMNO Youth Chief after the wing's predecessor, Datuk Seri Hishamuddin Hussein released his position. He was rivalled by Khairy Jamaluddin and Khir Toyo. Nominations for the posts coincided with division meetings which took place between October and November 2008. Mukhriz was initially seen as leading in nominations compared to Khairy but eventually lost in the final vote count.

However, a controversy was sparked when Khairy was allowed to contest for the post even though he was found guilty for being involved with money politics by the UMNO Disciplinary Board,[24] while others who were found guilty for the same offence, such as Mohd Ali Rustam who was supposed to contest for the UMNO Vice-President post, were not allowed to contest for their respective posts. However, Khairy denied the allegation, as stated in his blog.[25]

First term as Menteri Besar Kedah (2013–2016)[edit]

In the 2013 election, Mukhriz gave up his seat in federal parliament to contest the Kedah State Assembly seat of Ayer Hitam. The move was taken with a view to becoming the Chief Minister of Kedah if the Barisan Nasional coalition could defeat the Pakatan Rakyat (PR) state government led by Azizan Abdul Razak. Mukhriz won Ayer Hitam (defeating the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) incumbent), Barisan Nasional reclaimed the state government, and Mukhriz was sworn in as Chief Minister on 6 May, the day after the election, in the presence of his father.[26]

On 21 June 2013 Mukhriz attempted to charge Penang for the use of water from a river located in Penang state, on the basis that the source of the water was in Kedah. In return the Chief Minister for Penang, Lim Guan Eng, requested the Kedah government to pay rent for the land which the river occupies in Penang state.

In January 2016, UMNO Kedah leaders, led by Ahmad Bashah Md Hanipah, declare the loss of confidence towards Mukhriz due to "his inability to maintain a united party leadership".[27] The move is widely believed to be a reprisal orchestrated by the Prime Minister Najib Razak's camp in UMNO, which was increasingly infuriated by Mahathir's and Mukhriz's criticisms against Najib.[28] He resigned on 3 February 2016 after losing the majority of support among the assemblymen.[29] Ahmad Bashah, who is also the Bakar Bata assemblyman, succeeded him as the 12th Chief Minister of Kedah.[30]

Mukhriz was expelled from UMNO together with Muhyiddin Yassin in June 2016.[31]

Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (BERSATU) (2016- present)[edit]

In August 2016, Mukhriz together with Tun Dr Mahathir, Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin, Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman, Kamarulazman Habibur Rahman, Anina Saadudin and Akhramsyah Sanusi formed Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia (PPBM or BERSATU).[32]

Mukhriz is currently the Deputy President of BERSATU and the Chairman of Pakatan Harapan in Kedah.

Second term as Menteri Besar Kedah (2018-2020)[edit]

In the 2018 general election, the Pakatan Harapan (PH) coalition led by new Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, Mukhriz's father, won 18 of the 36 state assembly seats.

He took his oath of office before Kedah Sultan Tunku Sallehuddin Ibni Almarhum Sultan Badlishah in a ceremony held in Istana Anak Bukit.[33]

On 17 May 2020, he resigned as Chief Minister of Kedah mentioning he couldn't hold on to majority amongst his state assemblymen and thus relinquished his position as Chief Minister of Kedah.[34]

Election results[edit]

Kedah State Legislative Assembly[35][36][37][38][39]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2013 N04 Ayer Hitam, P005 Jerlun. Mukhriz Mahathir (UMNO) 14,083 54.55% Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 11,637 45.07% 26,200 2,446 88.61%
2018 N06 Jitra, P006 Kubang Pasu. Mukhriz Mahathir (PPBM) 18,852 55.03% Aminuddin Omar (UMNO) 8,003 23.36% 34,252 10,849 83.00%
Zulhazmi Othman (PAS) 7,064 20.62%
Parliament of Malaysia[35][36][38][39]
Year Constituency Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2008 P005 Jerlun, Kedah. Mukhriz Mahathir (UMNO) 19,424 53.01% Idris Ahmad (PAS) 17,219 46.99% 37,242 2,205 81.83%
2018 Mukhriz Mahathir (PPBM) 18,695 41.86% Othman Aziz (UMNO) 12,413 27.79% 44,660 5,866 83.00%
Abdul Ghani Ahmad (PAS) 12,829 28.72%

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Malaysian PM Mahathir and 4 other MPs sacked from Bersatu". CNA. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Yab Dato' Seri Paduka Hj Mukhriz Bin Tun Mahathir".
  3. ^ "Mukhriz Hanya Mampu Bertahan 3 Tahun Sebagai MB Kedah - MYNEWSHUB".
  4. ^ "Mukhriz Mahathir: Executive Profile & Biography - Bloomberg".
  5. ^ "30-09-2004: Opcom expects 2D-growth with more capacity". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
  6. ^ Opcom To Venture Into Broadband Infrastructure Business By Year End
  7. ^ Board of directors Archived 10 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Openings for franchise companies
  9. ^ Mukhriz: More time needed to bring peace to southern Thailand Archived 21 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Board of Directors Archived 7 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Ibu Mertua Mukhriz Meninggal Dunia
  12. ^ a b Sabah: the battleground for the Umno Deputy Presidency (part 2) Archived 11 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ PHOTO GALLERY[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ UMNO elections a time for reinvention Archived 22 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Baptism of fire for Mukhriz?
  16. ^ Remarks unfair, unwarranted: Umno Youth
  17. ^ Mukhriz shocked; claims move well-planned Archived 26 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Mukhriz: Nothing new in speech Archived 17 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Mukhriz to face Youth exco Archived 21 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Mukhriz ke Parlimen Jerlun
  21. ^ Kedah: Mukhriz to fight Jerlun, Badruddin stays in Jerai
  22. ^ Mukhriz ‘the right man to contest in Langkawi’ Archived 21 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Mukhriz, Selamat Datang ke Jerlun!.
  24. ^ Pilih Khairy, Pemuda Umno hilang hala tuju – from harakahdaily.net. Accessed on 29 March 2009.
  25. ^ Penjelasan Mengenai Keputusan Lembaga Disiplin UMNO (in Malay) – from Khairy's official blog, Rembau.net. Accessed on 29 March 2009.
  26. ^ "GE13: Mukhriz sworn in as Kedah MB". The Star. 7 May 2013. Archived from the original on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  27. ^ Ghazali, Adha (3 February 2016). "UMNO Kedah hilang kepercayaan terhadap Mukhriz". Berita Harian. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  28. ^ "Mahathir's Son Ousted as Malaysia Premier Tightens Grip on Power". Bloomberg. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  29. ^ "Mukhriz Mahathir letak jawatan MB Kedah". Berita Harian. 3 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  30. ^ "Ahmad Bashah is new Kedah MB". The Malaysian Insider. 3 February 2016. Archived from the original on 3 February 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  31. ^ "UMNO sacks former Malaysian DPM Muhyiddin Yassin and Mukhriz Mahathir". Channel News Asia. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  32. ^ "Muhyiddin registers Mahathir's new party". Strait Times. 10 August 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  33. ^ Loshana K Shagar (11 May 2018). "Mukhriz sworn in as Kedah MB". The Star Online. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  34. ^ news|url=https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/mukhriz-resigns-kedah-mb-says-has-lost-majority-support
  35. ^ a b "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 10 May 2013. Percentage figures based on total turnout, excluding informal votes.
  36. ^ a b "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  37. ^ "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  38. ^ a b "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  39. ^ a b "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  40. ^ a b c d e "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia).
  41. ^ Embun Majid (20 January 2013). "Mukhriz and RMAF chief lead Sultan's 85th birthday honours list". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  42. ^ K. HARINDERAN (19 January 2014). "Muhyiddin, Mukhriz head Kedah sultan's awards list". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  43. ^ Hashim, Roslinda (25 August 2019). "Mukhriz dahului senarai penerima darjah kebesaran" (in Malay). Sinar Harian. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  44. ^ "Mukhriz dahului senarai penerima darjah kebesaran daripada Sultan Kedah". Bernama (in Malay). Berita Harian. 25 August 2019. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  45. ^ "Mukhriz terima darjah kebesaran Kelantan". Bernama (in Malay). Malaysiakini. 4 March 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  46. ^ "65 terima Darjah, Bintang dan Pingat Kebesaran Negeri Melaka" (in Malay). Bernama. 12 October 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  47. ^ "Semakan Lantikan/Negeri Sembilan/Senarai Darjah Dato' Setia Negeri Sembilan (DSNS)". Istiadat DiRaja (in Malay). istiadatdiraja.org. Retrieved 6 March 2019.

External links[edit]

Home pages[edit]

Others[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Azizan Abdul Razak
Chief Minister of Kedah
2013-2016
Succeeded by
Ahmad Bashah Md. Hanipah
Preceded by
Ahmad Bashah Md. Hanipah
Chief Minister of Kedah
2018-2020
Succeeded by
Muhammad Sanusi Md Nor