Mukhtar Ahmad Dogar

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Mukhtar Ahmad Dogar
Birth name Mukhtar Ahmad Dogar
Nickname(s) Dakota
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Air Force
Years of service 1940-1968
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Air Commodore (Brigadier-General)
Unit No. 5 Squadron Falcons
Commands held No. 6 Squadron Globe Trotters
No. 9 Squadron Griffins
Special Service Wing

World War II

Indo-Pakistan War of 1947
Indo-Pakistan War of 1965
Awards Sitara-e-Jurat (1948)

Air Commodore Mukhtar Ahmad Dogar was the Pakistan Air Force bomber pilot and aerial warfare specialist who was the first military person to receive the Pakistani military award Sitara-e-Jurat. A World War II veteran, he is most known for his participation in Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 when he had interecepted the IAF fighter jets. A founding and former member of what is known now as Special Service Wing, Dogar is known to be instrument in creation of a special forces unit for the Pakistan Air Force called the Special Service Wing (SSW).

Air Force Career[edit]

Indo-Pak War of 1947[edit]

Dogar gained a commission in Royal Air Force, and was accepted into the Royal Air Force Academy in Cranwell. After he graduate from the Academy, he gained his B.S. in Aerospace studies. After his education, Dogar joined Royal Air Force, and participated in 1945 Burma Campaign as a Flying officer. After the independence of Pakistan, Flying officer Dogar opted Pakistan's nationality, and was inherited in No. 5 Squadron Falcons. He was stationed in Gilgit-Baltistan, and actively participated in Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. On 4 November 1948, Flying officer Dogar, a fighter pilot of Hawker Tempest, was operating a defenceless Hawker Tempest, nickname Dakota, in the valleys of Kashmir was attacked by two Indian Air Force (IAF) Tempest fighter aircraft and ordered to surrender and land at Srinagar. Though unarmed and unable to retaliate, the undaunted pilot refused to capitulate.

Kashmir Valley operations[edit]

The government of Pakistan had given orders to Pakistan Air Force (PAF) to stay away from the conflict. Pakistan, faced with limited aircraft and the hazardous weather, issued specific orders to PAF to not be involved in the conflict while the ground operations were undertaken by the Army. In the early morning of 4 November 1948, Dogar, along with Flying Officer Jagjivan, took off to Skardu to drop the military load to Pakistan Army. While returning to base, the pilots had spotted the IAF's Hawker Tempests, in a covert operation. At first, Dogar believed it was the Pakistani aircraft, but the pilots had not received any early warning from the Air Force control base.

Dogar continued flying with the IAF pilots. After 15 minutes, on the radio the IAF Tempests pilots ordered Dogar and Jagjivan to go to the nearest Indian airfield but Dogar and Jagjivan took no response of the order and continued flying to Risalpur Airbase. The order was repeated three times but the PAF pilots did not respond. Aggravated, the IAF pilots threatened to shoot down Dogar and Jagjivan if the orders weren't followed. The IAF pilots fired a free burst to show that they were armed. Dogar and Jagjivan tried to avoid to respond as they had given orders by the Government of Pakistan. The army personnel on the ground had requested the pilots to ease off. Flying Officer Alfred Jagjivan and Naik Mohammad Din, however, stood watching from the open doorway of the aircraft, blissfully unaware of what was to come to them a minute later.

At this time, one of the IAF pilots broke off, gained a little height and came in to attack. He fired a full burst of 20 mm at the PAF pilots, fatally wounding Naik Mohammad Din and knocking Jagjivan unconscious with a profusely bleeding arm. The encounter had lasted twenty to twenty-five minutes. Flying Officer Dogar began to retaliate and wounded PAF pilot Alfred Jagjivan came to his rescue. The PAF pilots had shot down the IAF pilots, killing all the IAF pilots in action.[1]

Air Commodore Dogar and Air Commodore Alfred Jagjivan were awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat for his daring handling of the belligerent Indian Air Force fighters on 4 November 1948. His Sitara-e-Jurat is the first for Pakistan Air Force.[1][2]

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965[edit]

Dogar, as Air Commodore (Brigadier-General, was serving as Air Commodore-in-Chief in PAF. Dogar had participated in Operation Gibraltar, and was an instrument creating a special forces unit within the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Dogar was first who established and founded "Special Airwarfare Wing" (now-known as Special Service Wing), where he had served there as first Air Commodore-in-Chief. He played an important role, and headed the SAW until his retirement in 1968.


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 March 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009.