District location in Uganda
|Region||Central Region of Uganda|
|• Land||1,875.1 km2 (724.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,200 m (3,900 ft)|
|Population (2012 Estimate)|
|• Density||293.9/km2 (761/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
Mukono District is bordered by Kayunga District to the north, Buikwe District to the east, Tanzania to the south, Kalangala District to the southwest, Wakiso District and Kira Town to the west, and Luweero District to the northwest. The town of Mukono is approximately 27 kilometres (17 mi), by road, east of Kampala, the capital and largest city of Uganda. The coordinates of the district are 00 20N, 32 45E.
Mukono District was composed originally of the Buganda Kingdom counties of Kyaggwe, Bugerere, and Buvuma. In December 2000, Bugerere was incorporated into the Kayunga District. In July 2010, Buvuma was granted district status, becoming the Buvuma District. The remaining mainland Kyaggwe was also partitioned with the eastern portion becoming the Buikwe District.
The 1991 national population census estimated the population of the district at 319,400. According to the 2002 national census, the district had a population of about 423,100, of whom 49.8 percent were males and 50.2 percent were females. At that time, its population growth rate was estimated at 2.7 percent per annum. In 2012, the population of the district was estimated at 551,000.
The district is blessed with a favorable climate, abundant rainfall, rich flora and fauna, and proximity to urban areas. The major tourist attractions in the district include the following:
Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest fresh-water lake in the world. Many water sports are available there.
In the middle of the district runs the River Sezibwa, believed by Buganda legend to have been borne by Nakangu Tibatesa, the wife of Nsubuga Sebwaato in Kawuna, Ngongwe, around the time of the Christian biblical prophet Isaiah. The river flows into Lake Kyoga. The nature of its birth makes the river a cultural symbol of great importance to Buganda's heritage.
The Sezibwa Falls are located 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) off the Kampala-Jinja Highway, 7 miles (11 km) east of the town Mukono. The site also has a natural forest reserve, which has forest trails and nature walkways for birdwatching and forest exploration. Over 100 bird species and some wild animals, including rare species of monkeys, may be found at this location.
Sezibwa Falls is also a cultural site of the Baganda and has cultural artifacts, including caves, 100-year-old trees, and special rocks of deep cultural significance to the Baganda of Buganda in central Uganda. It is one of the official cultural cites of the Buganda Kingdom.
Other cultural sites
Other Buganda cultural sites located in Mukono District include:
- Ngamba Islands in the Koome Archpelago in Lake Victoria
- Ssekabaka Kintu's Palace at Dindo
- Nabitimba Cultural Site - Repository for some of Buganda's Cultural Drums
- The village Buteyongera was the site of the Hornsleth Village Project, a controversial conceptual art project.
- "Road Distance Between Mukono And Kampala With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Districts of Uganda, Statoids, accessed 3 August 2015
- Counties of Uganda, Statoids, accessed 3 August 2015
- "Estimated Population of Mukono District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Tourist Attractions In Mukono District". Uganda City Tours. Retrieved 16 April 2014.