31 October 1929
|Died||29 May 2018(aged 88)|
|Children||3, including Muktha S. Sundar|
Muktha Srinivasan was an Indian film director and producer.
V. Srinivasan was born in Malapuram on 31 October 1929 in a Tamil Brahmin family. His parents were Venkatachariar and Chellamma. He followed all Brahmin rituals sincerely throughout his life. He remained a vegetarian. His elder brother is Muktha Ramaswamy and his sister is Revathi. He married Prema in 1951. He has three children Muktha S. Sundar, also a director, Mukhta Ravi and Maya.
He expired on 29 May 2018 at the age of 88 in his residence in T.Nagar, Chennai due to old age.
V. Srinivasan alias Muktha Srinivasan entered the film industry in 1947, as Senior Assistant to T. R. Sundaram, by coaching artists in dialogue delivery. As a technical helper he has worked with the then future chief ministers of Tamil Nadu M. Karunanidhi and M. G. Ramachandran in Manthiri Kumari and with major artists of the time including T. R. Mahalingam, Anjali Devi, Madhuri Devi, S. Balachandar and L. V. Prasad. He worked with Director K. Ramnoth as assistant along with K. S. Sethumathavan.
Muktha Srinivasan directed his first film, Mudhalali, in 1957 which was produced by Ratna Studios. Production was four months and three days in a period when films usually took more than a year to be completed. The film was a success, despite its having had a relatively unknown cast. It won a National Award presented by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, then President of India, in the presence of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Srinivasan started producing films with his elder brother Muktha V. Ramaswamy under the name Muktha Films in 1961. He always preferred to have music by either the duo Vishwanatha-Ramamoorthy or by M.S.Viswanathan.
His first choice for hero in the sixties, was always Gemini Ganesan and directed Gemini in Panithirai, Idhayathil Nee, Poojaikku Vandha Malar, Thenmazhai. The 4 comedy films directed by him – Thenmazhai, Ninaivil Nindraval, Bommalattam and Ayiram Poi are recognised as landmark films in Tamil Cinema. He directed the pair Gemini and Savithri along with Sandhya in Poojaikki Vandha Malar which was box office success. He directed actress Sandhya's daughter J.Jayalalithaa in three landmark films – Bomalattam, Suryagandhi, Anbai Thedi and made her do guest appearance in Cinema Paithiyam.The film Suryagandhi is considered by him as the best of all the films he directed. Suryagandhi was digitalized and re-released in September 2016. He successfully brought in together Nagesh and Cho for 3 films Thenmazhai, Bomalattam and Ninaivil Nindraval.
He introduced Vaali as lyricist, actresses Devika, Deepa and others to the silver screen. He brought to light Actor-Director T. S. B. K. Mouli's acting prowess in his film Sooryakanthi. Visu the dramatist became Visu the filmmaker after working in his Keezh Vaanam Sivakkum. He has received numerous awards and as of 2018 he was the most senior director alive and active producer in the Tamil film industry.
He directed Sivaji Ganesan in Nirai Kudam, Arunodhayam,Thava Pudhalvan, Anbai Thedi,Andaman Kadhali, Imayam, Keezh Vaanam Sivakkum and Iru Medhaigal. He directed Sivaji Ganesan in 11 films. He directed Kamal Haasan in Andharangam and Simla Special and directed Rajnikanth in Polladhavan (1980 film).He directed actors across generations – Ravichandran, Jaishankar, Muthuraman, Sivakumar, S.V.Sekhar, Pandiaraj. Out of his 45 directorial ventures, 30 were box office hits. In his films, Cho Ramaswamy, Neelu and Manorama were cast regularly throughout his career .He produced Nayakan in 1987. Hs produced 27 films and 20 of them were commercial success. His last and the 28th production was Vedantha Desigar made in 2018,which was not released till the time of his death.
The film Andha Naal, in which he assisted S. Balachander, was the first film without songs that was made in Madras and it was his first film where he started his career as an assistant director. This became a hit.
Srinivasan was one of the founders of, and served as President for, the Tamil Film Producer Council. He served as President of the South Indian film chamber of commerce. He was Chairman of Film City, owned by the state government of Tamil Nadu. He was also Member of Award Films Committees and a Board Member of the Film Censor Board.
|1959||Naalu Veli Nilam|
|1959||Odi Vilaiyaadu Paapa|
|1965||Poojaikku Vandha Malar|
|1980||Avan Aval Adhu|
|1981||Keezh Vaanam Sivakkum|
|1985||Oru Malarin Payanam|
|1989||Chinna Chinna Aasaigal|
- Recipient of National Award for the film Mudalali
- Best film 1977–78 Balaparitchai by Tamil Nadu state government
- Best Science Fiction film Avan-Aval-Adhu State Award
- Best film 1981–82 keezh vanam sivakkum' State Award
- 1982-83 Paritchaikku Neramaachu – Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Director
Srinivasan was attracted to politics from the age of seven when he carried the flag of the Symbol of Congress and went to various places around his village. This was the first instance of him canvassing for Congress and his relatives asked him to concentrate on studies and stopped him from canvassing due to the age factor.
After completing school he met Somu Rao who influenced him to follow the Communist ideology. He became close friends with Manali Kandasamy, Amirthalingam, Bala Dandayutham, and P. Ramamoorthy, which finally led him to meet Comarade Jeevanandham. They became close friends and together organised meetings in Tamil Nadu. It was at this time that the communist party was banned. Srinivasan, who at that time had been working in a government office at Selam in 1946, lost his job and was arrested. His brother Muktha Ramasamy, who was working with modern theatre, approached his boss and sought his help to release Srinivasan from jail. His films such as Mudalali, Naalu Veli Nilam & Thamarai kulam were influenced by the Communist ideology. When disputes started arising in the Communist Party he lost his interest. At this stage Srinivasan was an avid reader becoming inspired by Gandhian principles and he joined Congress in 1961. While working with Sivaji Ganesan he started organizing meetings. He canvassed for the 1962 elections and gave speeches supporting Congress under the leadership of K. Kamaraj.
He used to follow "Mouna-Viradham". He would not speak and would have only water on holy days. In his early days he used to spin his own clothes with a Raatai chakkaram (Hand machine).
Srinivasan has held the positions of District Congress president, Vice-President Tamil Nadu Congress Committee (TNCC) and Gen-secretary Tamil Maanila Congress (Gk moopanar).
Mr. Muktha Srinivasan has written many books and short stories on cinema, history, science, literature, and spirituality in both English and Tamil. He compiled an Encyclopedia of Tamil Cinema in 1994, Tamil Thirapada varalaru, which was published in "Thuglaq".
- Irupadam Noorrandin Kathaigal Part I -V
- Thalaimurai Kathaigal
- Thandanikku Thappiya Kutrangal
- Mukthavin Sirukathaigal
- Athma Vendradhu
- Sollatha Rakasiyam
- Thirumanam Punidhamanathu
- Mana Santhippu
- Manushya Dharmam
- Koothukaran Thopu
- Mukthavin Katturaigal
- Manitha Neya Kathaigal
- Edhir Veettu Hema
- Kaala Vellam
- Ulagathin Sirantha Kadaigal Part – I & II
- Ilakkiyathil Inaiyum India
- Tamil Thiraippada Varalaru
- Tamil Thiraippada Thayarippalargalin Varalaru
- Kalainjargalodu Nan
- Kathasiriyargalodu Nan
- Arinjarkalodu Nan
- Ninaivu Edugal
- Kopamum Sirippum
- Samooga Nidhi Porattangal
- Manudam Kanda Maga Gyanigal
- Inaiyatra Sadanaiyalargal Part I – V
- Noolgal Tharum Nunnarivu Part I & II
- Ramayanathil Thunai Kadha pathirangal
- Manavarkalukana India Suthanthira Porattam – Tamil
- Manavarkalukana India Suthanthira Porattam – English
- Barathiyin Gyana Semmal
- Tamil Thayaripalargal Varalaru Part I & II
- Film Chamber Varalaru – in Tamil and in English
- Kalidasanin Megadhoodam
- Vada Mozhi Ilakkiyam
- Nan Santhitha Kalaijargal
- Raghu Vamasa Maha Kaviyam
- Innum Sila Kadaigal
- "Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : A celebrated veteran of the south Indian film industry. He expired on 29/05/2018". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 15 April 2007. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- "Acclaimed director, producer Muktha Srinivasan no more". 30 May 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018 – via www.thehindu.com.
- [dead link]
- Matrimony, Kalyanamalai – KM. "Kalyanamalai Magazine – Serial story, Thiraichuvai – Potpourri of titbits about Tamil cinema, 'Mukta' Srinivasan". www.kalyanamalaimagazine.com. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "Suriyagandhi: An old classic gets new life". newindianexpress.com. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "A celebrated veteran of the south Indian film industry". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 15 April 2007.
- "Keezhvaanam Sivakkum | burrp!TV Guide". Tv.burrp.com. 26 October 1981. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- "Cinema Plus / Columns : Andha Naal 1954". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 12 December 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- The Hindu. Chennai, India. 22 July 2001 http://www.hindu.com/2001/07/22/stories/0222000e.htm. Missing or empty
- "Front Page : Censor Board reconstituted". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 9 February 2005. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- vivek, times of india. "pathayeram kodi". times of india. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : A Congressman invokes Gods". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "Vasan holds meeting with supporters, EVKS to tour TN districts". news.webindia123.com. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "General Elections 1999 Statewise Contestants in TAMIL MAANILA CONGRESS (MOOPANAR)". eci.nic.in. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- "The Hindu : Tamil Nadu / Chennai News : Congress leaders vow to make party number one in Tamil Nadu". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
- Rajshritmil.com – Iru Methaigal
- Rajshritmil.com – Aayiram-Poi
- Rajshritmil.com – Andaman-Kaadhali