Mukul Sangma

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Mukul Sangma
11th Chief Minister of Meghalaya
In office
20 April 2010 – 06 March 2018
Succeeded by Conrad Sangma
Personal details
Born (1965-04-20) 20 April 1965 (age 53)
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Dikkanchi D Shira

Mukul M. Sangma (born 20 April 1965) is a politician from the Indian National Congress and is a former Chief Minister of Meghalaya.

Early life and Career[edit]

Sangma was born on 20 April 1965,[1] son of teachers Binoy Bhushan M. Marak and Roshanara Begum at Ampatigiri, now the headquarters of South West Garo Hills district.[2] In 1990, he graduated in medicine from the Regional Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) in Imphal in 1990,[3] and joined Zikzak Public Health Centre as a health and medical officer in 1991.[3]

Political career[edit]

In 1993, Sangma was elected to the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly from Ampatigiri constituency as an independent candidate,[4] following which he was appointed as the Chairman of the Meghalaya Transport Corporation. Sangma was re-elected to the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly in 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013 as a representative of the Indian National Congress candidate.[5]

He held office as the Parliamentary Secretary for the Government of Meghalaya between the years 1996 and 1998.[6]

In 2003, he became the home and education minister in the DD Lapang Ministry of Meghalaya.[7] He was also appointed as the Deputy Chief Minister of Meghalaya in 2005.[5]

In May 2009, he became the Deputy Chief Minister of Meghalaya, acting as a representative of the Indian National Congress-led Meghalaya United Alliance (MUA) government.[5]

In April 2010, Sangma took oath as the 11th Chief Minister of Meghalaya,[8] following the resignation of DD Lapang.[9] He was sworn in for a second straight term in March 2013.[10]

Sangma was named as one of the candidates for the 2018 Assembly Elections in Meghalaya, contesting for seats from the Songsak and Ampathi constituencies.[11][12]

Key Schemes & Initiatives[edit]

In 2015, Sangma launched the Meghalaya Health Insurance Scheme, a scheme to provide health coverage to families that exist below the poverty line.[13] He launched Phase 2 in 2015, which aimed at providing a comprehensive health cover to the citizens of the state.[13]

Sangma has launched multiple Social Assistance Programmes, including the Special Wedding Assistance Scheme for orphaned girls over the age of 18[14] and a programme for providing aid to single mothers and orphaned girls.[15]

In 2017, Sangma launched the Life Programme (Livelihood Intervention and Facilitation of Entrepreneurship), aimed towards empowering people for economic prosperity.[16] He also laid the foundations for the Shillong Government College of Engineering, the first engineering college in the state of Meghalaya,[17] followed by two more colleges at Malwai and Tura.[18]

He launched "Mission Football", an initiative to promote sports in Meghalaya[19] and develop the sports at a grassroots level.[20]

In 2018, he launched a Career Guidance Program to offer specialized coaching support for underprivileged students.[21]

Positions Held[edit]

  • Elected to Meghalaya Legislative Assembly in 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013.
  • Parliamentary Secretary of the Government of Meghalaya between 1996 and 1998.
  • Home and Education Minister of Meghalaya in 2003.
  • Deputy Chief Minister of Meghalaya in 2005 and 2009.
  • Chief Minister of Meghalaya in 2010 and 2013.

Personal life[edit]

Sangma is married to Dikkanchi D. Shira, who is an M.L.A., and has 4 children.[22] His eldest daughter, Miani D. Shira,[23] and his brother, Zenith Sangma, are also politicians.


Political offices
Preceded by
D. D. Lapang
Chief Minister of Meghalaya
20 April 2010 – 06 March 2018
Succeeded by
Conrad Sangma


  1. ^ "New Meghalaya CM poorer than coal mines-owning wife". Hindustan Times. 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  2. ^ Rahul Karmakar (February 24, 2018). "Who Is Mukul Sangma". The Hindu. Retrieved February 25, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b "Meghalaya State Portal". Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  4. ^ "Mukul Sangma sworn-in as Meghalaya chief minister". Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  5. ^ a b c Panorama, Eastern. "The UPS and DOWN of MUKUL SANGMA". Eastern Panorama. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  6. ^ "Mukul Sangma, Mukul Sangma Biography". Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  7. ^ "Mukul Sangma sworn in as Meghalaya chief minister for second straight term". The Indian Express. 2013-03-05. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  8. ^ "Mukul Sangma sworn in as Chief Minister". The Hindu. 2010-04-21. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  9. ^ "D D Lapang resigns as Meghalaya chief minister - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  10. ^ "Mukul Sangma sworn in Chief Minister for second straight term in Meghalaya". The Hindu. PTI. 2013-03-05. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  11. ^ "BJP implementing RSS' agenda: Mukul Sangma". The Economic Times. 2018. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  12. ^ "Meghalaya assembly polls: CM Mukul Sangma to contest from 2 seats". 2018-01-23. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  13. ^ a b Panorama, Eastern. "Meghalaya's Megha Health Insurance Scheme Is lack of focus on details going to doom this laudable effort?". Eastern Panorama. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  14. ^ India, Press Trust of (2014-12-10). "Meghalaya CM launches Chief Minister's Wedding Assistance". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  15. ^ "Sangma announces skill programme for single mothers of Meghalaya". The Hills Times. 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  16. ^ "Mukul launches 'most inclusive' Life programme". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  17. ^ "Meghalaya to get its first engineering college - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  18. ^ "Two Engineering Colleges To Come Up In Meghalaya". Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  19. ^ Times, Meghalaya. "Mukul announces 'Mission Football' for Meghalaya". Meghalaya Times. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  20. ^ "Mission Football launched". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  21. ^ Times, Meghalaya. "Chief Minister's Guidance Program reaches out to under privileged". Meghalaya Times. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 
  22. ^ "It's Dikkanchi for Tura battle". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2018-02-06. 
  23. ^ "Miani D Shira takes oath as MLA". The Shillong Times. Retrieved 2018-06-07. 

External links[edit]