Mula-Mutha River

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New Yerwada Bridge over the Mula-Mutha River
RegionDeccan Plateau
Physical characteristics
 - locationPune City, confluence of Mula & Mutha, Pune, Sangamwadi, Pune city
 - coordinates18°34′23″N 73°49′54″E / 18.57306°N 73.83167°E / 18.57306; 73.83167
MouthBhima River
 - location
Pune District, Maharashtra, India
 - coordinates
18°33′39″N 74°20′40″E / 18.56083°N 74.34444°E / 18.56083; 74.34444Coordinates: 18°33′39″N 74°20′40″E / 18.56083°N 74.34444°E / 18.56083; 74.34444
Basin features
 - leftMula
 - rightMutha

The Mula-Mutha is a river in India, formed by the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers in the city of Pune, which later meets the Bhima River, which itself later meets the Krishna River and finally emptying to the Bay of Bengal.[1]

The river flows through the village of Kavadi in the Solapur district, witnesses a lot of migratory birds. However, increase in pollution in the recent years has resulted in a reduction in the number of birds.[2] Pollution from effluents released into the river at Pune has been found to cause high levels of pollution in the Bhima River, the reservoir of Ujani dam and Krishna River too, resulting in a lot of water borne ailments.[3]

Due to high levels of pollution, including 125 MLD of untreated sewerage water being discharged into the river by the Pune Municipal Corporation, the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board has classified the water quality to be of Class-IV.[4] The Pune Municipal Corporation announced plans to clean up and restore the river by pumping in oxygen on the lines of restoration efforts undertaken in Mumbai for the Mithi River.[5]

In 2011, it was reported that several Japanese businessmen were keen on offering support to a plan initiated by the Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture and supported by the Pune Municipal Corporation to clean up and beautify the Mula-Mutha river.[6] The same year, the Pune Municipal Corporation gave its approval to build a riverside road on the banks of the Mula-Mutha from Shivane to Kharadi, covering a distance of 22 kilometres (14 mi) to link several important roads in the heart of the city including the Old Mumbai–Pune Highway and the Pune Ahmednagar Highway.[7]

In 2014, the Pune Police discovered that marijuana plants were being grown on the riverbed near Kharadi.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "RIVER SYSTEMS". GAZETTEERS OF BOMBAY jSTATE - POONA. Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  2. ^ Madaan, Neha (11 December 2010). "How river pollution is robbing Kavadi of birds". Times of India. Pune. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  3. ^ Phadnis, Mayuri (12 June 2014). "Ujani dam is full of toxins, finds survey". Pune Mirror. Pune. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  4. ^ "MAJOR SOURCES OF POLLUTION in PUNE" (PDF). Maharashtra Pollution Control Board. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  5. ^ Nambiar, Nisha (18 July 2010). "Mula, Mutha ecosystem to be cleaned up on the lines of Mithi". Indian Express. Pune. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Japanese offer to help restore Mula-Mutha river in Pune". Mumbai: Daily News and Analysis. 22 February 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Civic Panel approves riverside road project". Times of India. Pune. 26 February 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  8. ^ "More cannabis growth found on Mula-Mutha river bed". Indian Express. Pune. 2 March 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014.