Mulgrave, Nova Scotia
Mulgrave Post Office
|Nickname(s): Deep Water Port|
|Motto(s): "Come be a part of our Family"|
|Incorporated||December 1, 1923|
|• Mayor||Lorne MacDonald |
|• Governing Body||Mulgrave Town Council|
|• MLA||Lloyd Hines (L)|
|• MP||Rodger Cuzner (L)|
|• Total||17.83 km2 (6.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||48 m (157 ft)|
|• Density||40.5/km2 (105/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (AST)|
|Postal code||B0E 2G0|
Mulgrave is a town on the Strait of Canso in Guysborough County, Nova Scotia, Canada. The town's current name was adopted in 1859 to honour the colonial Lieutenant Governor, the Earl of Mulgrave. The town of Mulgrave lies on the Strait of Canso opposite the town of Port Hawkesbury.
Mulgrave was first settled as McNair's Cove by British Loyalists fleeing from the American Revolution and soon became a part of the lumber trade with the English in the early part of the nineteenth century. In 1818, the lumber trade ended and the economy shifted to fishing, becoming by 1830 the major occupation. In 1833, a ferry service began between the Nova Scotia mainland and Cape Breton Island began. The ferry made an important contribution to the local economy. Steam power was introduced in 1863, boosting the amount of traffic that could be ferried.
The economy was badly affected however, when in 1870 trade agreements in the fishing industry were cancelled to protect the American fish market, and the local fishing industry collapsed. Gradually, people began moving away, and by 1880 more than a third of the population moved, mainly to New England in search of employment.
By the early 1900s the railroad industry had now become the main industry and Mulgrave was becoming a bustling terminal, equipped with freight sheds, marshalling yards, and auxiliary services of an efficient railway centre. Adding to the economy were a new lobster factory and a new rail ferry, which further increased capacity across the Strait of Canso to Port Hawkesbury. Ferry service through Mulgrave provided a rail and road gateway for traffic from mainland Nova Scotia and the rest of Canada to Cape Breton and Newfoundland. In 1923, the community was incorporated as a town.
In 1955, Mulgrave suffered a new blow to its economy with the opening of the Canso Causeway which immediately removed both road and rail traffic through the town. Recovery has been slow.
In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Mulgrave recorded a population of 722 living in 310 of its 327 total private dwellings, a change of −9.1% from its 2011 population of 794. With a land area of 17.83 km2 (6.88 sq mi), it had a population density of 40.5/km2 (104.9/sq mi) in 2016.
The headquarters of the Eastern Counties Regional Library is in Mulgrave.
- Wallace MacDonald (b. may 5 1891) - silent film actor and director (d. Santa Barbar California
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- Town of Mulgrave, History of Mulgrave
- Census 1956-1961
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mulgrave, Nova Scotia.|